Dr. Jessica Strefler

Senior Scientist
Lead Carbon management

Jessica Strefler is a senior scientist at the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK). She leads the Carbon Management Team in the energy systems group of Research Department 3 (Transformation Pathways).

Currently she leads the project DIPOL, is the scientific coordinator of the project NAVIGATE, and works on carbon dioxide removal (CDR) in the projects ARIADNE, RETAKE, and CDRSynTra.

Jessica studied physics in Heidelberg, Hamburg, and Berlin and earned her doctorate at the TU Berlin on the topic of non-CO2 emissions in global energy systems. She joined PIK in 2009 where she is a developer of the hybrid energy-economy model REMIND. Her current research is focused on the influence of different carbon dioxide removal (CDR) technologies on global climate change mitigation strategies, and on carbon capture use and storage (CCUS).


Working Group

Curriculum Vitae

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Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK)
T +49 (0)331 288 2475
P.O. Box 60 12 03
14412 Potsdam

  • carbon dioxide removal technologies
  • carbon capture and use
  • non-CO2 greenhouse gas emissions
  • air pollution
  • contributions to the development of the REMIND-Model


ISI Publications

  • Strefler, J., Kriegler, E., Bauer, N., Luderer, G. Pietzcker, R.C., Giannousakis, A., Edenhofer, O. (2021) "Alternative carbon price trajectories can avoid excessive carbon removal". Nature Communications 12, 2264. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-22211-2
  • Strefler, J., Bauer, N., Humpenöder, F., Klein, D., Popp, A., Kriegler, E. (2021) "Carbon dioxide removal technologies are not born equal". Environmental Research Letters 16, 074021. http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/ac0a11
  • Luderer, G., Madeddu, S., Merfort, L., Ueckerdt, F., Pehl, M., Pietzcker, R. C., Rottoli, M., Schreyer, F., Bauer, N., Baumstark, L., Bertram, C., Dirnaichner, A., Humpenöder, F., Levesque, A., Popp, A., Rodrigues, R., Strefler, J., Kriegler, E. (2021) "Impact of declining renewable energy costs on electrification in low-emission scenarios". Nature Energy, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41560-021-00937-z
  • Sörgel, B., Kriegler, E., Weindl, I., Rauner, S., Dirnaichner, A., Ruhe, C., Hofmann, M., Bauer, N., Bertram, C., Bodirsky, B. L., Leimbach, M., Leininger, J., Levesque, A., Luderer, G., Pehl, M., Wingens, C., Baumstark, L., Beier, F., Dietrich, J. P., Humpenöder, F., von Jeetze, P. J., Klein, D., Koch, J., Pietzcker, R. C., Strefler, J., Lotze-Campen, H., Popp, A. (2021) "A sustainable development pathway for climate action within the UN 2030 Agenda". Nature Climate Change, 11, 656-664, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41558-021-01098-3
  • Harmsen, M., et al., (2021) "Integrated assessment model diagnostics: key indicators and model evolution". Environmental Research Letters, accepted. http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/abf964
  • Baumstark, L., Bauer, N., Benke, F., Bertram, C., Bi, S., Gong, C., Dietrich, J.P., Dirnaichner, A., Giannousakis, A., Hilaire, J., Klein, D., Koch, J., Leimbach, M., Levesque, A., Madeddu, S., Malik, A., Merfort, A., Merfort, L., Odenweller, A., Pehl, M., Pietzcker, R.C., Piontek, F., Rauner, S., Rodrigues, R., Rottoli, M., Schreyer, F., Schultes, A., Soergel, B., Soergel, D., Strefler, J., Ueckerdt, F., Kriegler, E., Luderer, L. (2021) "REMIND2.1: Transformation and innovation dynamics of the energy-economic system within climate and sustainability limits ". Geoscientific Model Development 14, 6571–6603. http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/gmd-14-6571-2021

Non-ISI Publications


  • Schweizer, V.J., Ebi, K.L., van Vuuren, D.P., Jacoby, H.D., Riahi, K., Strefler, J, Takahashi, K., van Ruijven, B.J., Weyant, J.P. (2020) "Integrated Climate-Change Assessment Scenarios and Carbon Dioxide Removal". One Earth 3, 2. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oneear.2020.08.001
  • Bauer, N., Rose, S.K., Fujimori, S., van Vuuren, D.P., Weyant, J., Wise, M., Cui, Y., Daioglou, V., Gidden, M.J., Kato, E., Kitous, A., Leblanc, F., Sands, R., Sano, F., Strefler, J., Tsutsui, J., Bibas, R., Fricko, O., Hasegawa, T., Klein, D., Kurosawa, A., Mima S., Muratori, M.(2020) "Global energy sector emission reductions and bioenergy use: overview of the bioenergy demand phase of the EMF-33 model comparison". Climatic Change 163, 1553–1568. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10584-018-2226-y
  • Bauer, N., Klein, D., Humpenöder, F., Kriegler, E., Luderer, G., Popp, A., Strefler, J. (2020) "Bio-energy and CO2 emission reductions: an integrated land-use and energy sector perspective". Climatic Change 163, 1675–1693. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10584-020-02895-z
  • Muratori, M., Bauer, N., Rose, S.K., Wise, M., Daioglou, V., Cui, Y., Kato, E., Gidden, M.J., Strefler, J., Fujimori, S., Sands, R.D., van Vuuren, D.P., Weyant,J. (2020) "EMF-33 insights on bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS)". Climatic Change 163, 1621–1637. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10584-020-02784-5
  • Rauner, S., Hilaire, J., Klein, D., Strefler, J., Luderer, G. (2020) "Air quality co-benefits of ratcheting up the NDCs". Climatic Change 163, 1481–1500. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10584-020-02699-1


  • Strefler, J., Bauer, N., Kriegler, E., Popp, A., Giannousakis, A., Edenhofer, O. (2018) "Between Scylla and Charybdis: Delayed mitigation narrows the passage between large-scale CDR and high costs". Enivronmental Research Letters 13, 4.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/aab2ba
  • Strefler, J., Amann, T., Bauer, N., Kriegler, E., Hartmann, J. (2018) "Potential and costs of carbon dioxide removal by enhanced weathering of rocks". Enivronmental Research Letters 13, 3.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/aaa9c4
  • Rogelj, J., Popp, A., Calvin, K.V., Luderer, L., Emmerling, J., Gernaat, D., Fujimori, S., Strefler, J., Hasegawa, T., Marangoni, G., Krey, V., Kriegler, E., Riahi, K., van Vuuren, D.P., Doelman, J., Drouet, L., Edmonds, J., Fricko, O., Harmsen, M., Havlík, P., Humpenöder, F., Stehfest E., Tavoni, M., (2018) "Scenarios towards limiting global mean temperature increase below 1.5 °C". Nature Climate Change 8, 325–332. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41558-018-0091-3
  • Kriegler, E., Luderer, L., Bauer, N., Baumstark, L., Fujimori, S., Popp, A., Rogelj, J., Strefler, J., van Vuuren, D.P. (2018) "Pathways limiting warming to 1.5°C: a tale of turning around in no time?". Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A. 37620160457. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2016.0457


  • Riahi, K., van Vuuren, D.P., Kriegler, E., Edmonds, J., O'Neill, B.C., Fujimori, S., Bauer, N., Calvin, K., Dellink, R., Fricko, O., Lutz, W., Popp, A., Cuaresma, J.C., Samir, KC., Leimbach, M., Jiang, L.W., Kram, T., Rao, S., Emmerling, J., Ebi, K., Hasegawa, T., Havlik, P., Humpenoeder, F., da Silva, LA., Smith, S., Stehfest, E., Bosetti, V., Eom, J., Gernaat, D., Masui, T., Rogelj, J., Strefler, J., Drouet, L., Krey, V., Luderer, G., Harmsen, M., Takahashi, K., Baumstark, L., Doelman, JC., Kainuma, M., Klimont, Z., Marangoni, G., Lotze-Campen, H., Obersteiner, M., Tabeau, A., Tavoni, M. (2017) "The Shared Socioeconomic Pathways and their energy, land use, and greenhouse gas emissions implications: An overview". Global Environmental Change 42, 153-168.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.05.009
  • Rao, S., Klimont, Z., Leitao, J., Riahi, K., van Dingenen, R., Reis, L.A., Calvin, K., Dentener, F., Drouet, L., Fujimori, S., Harmsen, M., Luderer, G., Heyes, C., Strefler, J., Tavoni, M., van Vuuren, D.P.  (2017) "A multi-model assessment of the co-benefits of climate mitigation for global air quality". Environmental Research Letters 11, 12.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/11/12/124013
  • Rao, S., Klimont, Z., Smith, S.J., Van Dingenen, R., Dentener, F., Bouwman, L., Riahi, K., Amann, M., Bodirsky, B.L., van Vuuren, D.P., Reis, L.A., Calvin, K., Drouet, L., Fricko, O., Fujimori, S., Gernaat, D., Havlik, P., Harmsen, M., Hasegawa, T., Heyes, C., Hilaire, J., Luderer, G., Masui, T., Stehfest, E., Strefler, J., van der Sluis, S., Tavoni, M. (2017) "Future air pollution in the Shared Socio-economic Pathways". Global Environmental Change 42, 346-358.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.05.012
  • Kriegler, E., Bauer, N., Popp, A., Humpenoder, F., Leimbach, M., Strefler, J., Baumstark, L., Bodirsky, B.L., Hilaire, J., Klein, D., Mouratiadou, I., Weindl, I., Bertram, C., Dietrich, J.P., Luderer, G., Pehl, M., Pietzcker, R., Piontek, F., Lotze-Campen, H., Biewald, A., Bonsch, M., Giannousakis, A., Kreidenweis, U., Muller, C., Rolinski, S., Schultes, A., Schwanitz, J., Stevanovic, M., Calvin, K., Emmerling, J., Fujimori, S., Edenhofer, O. (2017) "Fossil-fueled development (SSP5): An energy and resource intensive scenario for the 21st century". Global Environmental Change 42, 297-315.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.05.015

before 2017

  • Harmsen, M.J.H.M., van den Berg, M., Krey, V., Luderer, G., Marcucci, A., Strefler, J., Van Vuuren, D.P. (2016) "How climate metrics affect global mitigation strategies and costs: a multi-model study". Climatic Change 136, 203-216.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10584-016-1603-7
  • Lucas, P.L., Nielsen, J, Calvin, K., McCollum, D.L., Marangonid, G., Strefler, J., van der Zwaan, B.C.C., van Vuuren, D.P. (2015) "Future energy system challenges for Africa: Insights from Integrated Assessment Models". Energy Policy 86, 705‐717. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2015.08.017
  • Gernaat, D., Van Vuuren, D.P., van den Berg, M., Calvin, K., Lucas, P., Luderer, G., Otto, S.A.C., Rao, S., Strefler, J. (2015) "Understanding the contribution of non‐non‐CO2 gases in deep mitigation scenarios". Global Environmental Change 33, 142-153. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2015.04.010
  • Strefler, J., Luderer, G., Kriegler, E., Meinshausen, M. (2014): "Can air pollutant controls change global warming?". Environmental Science & Policy 41, 33-43. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2014.04.009.
  • Strefler, J., Luderer, G., Aboumahboub, T., Kriegler, E. (2014): "Economic impacts of alternative greenhouse gas emission
    metrics: a model-based assessment". Climatic Change 125 (3-4), pp 319-331. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10584-014-1188-y.
  • Rose, S.K., Richels, R., Smith, S., Riahi, K., Strefler, J., van Vuuren, D. P. (2014): "Non-Kyoto radiative forcing in long-run greenhouse gas emissions and climate change scenarios". Climatic Change 123 (3-4), pp 511-525. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10584-013-0955-5.
  • Steckel, J.C., Brecha, R.J., Jakob, M., Strefler, J., Luderer, G. (2013): "Development without energy? Assessing future scenarios of energy consumption in developing countries". Ecological Economics 90, pp 53-67. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2013.02.006.
  • Klein, D., Luderer, G., Kriegler, E., Strefler, J., Bauer, N., Leimbach, M., Popp, A., Dietrich, J.P., Humpenöder, F., Lotze-Campen, H., Edenhofer, O. (2013): "The value of bioenergy in low stabilization scenarios: an assessment using REMIND-MAgPIE". Climatic Change 123 (3-4), pp 705-718. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10584-013-0940-z.