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Gunnar Luderer's Publications

Journal Papers


  • Rogelj J, Popp A, Calvin KV, Luderer G, Emmerling J, Gernaat D, Fujimori S, et al. (2018) Scenarios towards Limiting Global Mean Temperature Increase below 1.5 °C. Nature Climate Change
  • Arvesen A, Luderer G, Pehl M, Bodirsky BL, Hertwich EG. (2018) “Deriving Life Cycle Assessment Coefficients for Application in Integrated Assessment Modelling.” Environmental Modelling & Software 99: 111–25.

  • Levesque A, Pietzcker RC, Baumstark L, De Stercke S, Grübler A, Luderer G. (2018) “How Much Energy Will Buildings Consume in 2100? A Global Perspective within a Scenario Framework.” Energy 148: 514–27.


  • Creutzig F, Agoston P, Goldschmidt JC, Luderer G, Nemet G, Pietzcker RC (2017) “The Underestimated Potential of Solar Energy to Mitigate Climate Change.” Nature Energy 2.

  • Kriegler E, Bauer N, Popp A, Humpenöder F, Leimbach M, Strefler J, Baumstark L, Bodirsky BL, Hilaire J, Klein D, Mouratiadou I, Weindl I, Bertram C, Dietrich J-P, Luderer G, Pehl M, Pietzcker R, Piontek F, Lotze-Campen H, Biewald A, Bonsch M, Giannousakis A, Kreidenweis U, Müller C, Rolinski S, Schultes A, Schwanitz J, Stevanovic M, Calvin K, Emmerling J, Fujimori S, Edenhofer O (2017) Fossil-fueled development (SSP5): An energy and resource intensive scenario for the 21st century. Global Environmental Change 42:297–315. doi: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.05.015 [link] [pdf]
  • Leimbach M, Schultes A, Baumstark L, Giannousakis A, Luderer G (2017) Solution algorithms for regional interactions in large-scale integrated assessment models of climate change. Annals of Operations Research 255:29–45. doi: 10.1007/s10479-016-2340-z [link]
  • Luderer G, Pietzcker RC, Carrara S, de Boer HS, Fujimori S, Johnson N, Mima S, Arent D (2017) Assessment of wind and solar power in global low-carbon energy scenarios: An introduction. Energy Economics 64:542–551. doi: 10.1016/j.eneco.2017.03.027 [link]
  • Pehl M, Arvesen A, Humpenöder F, Popp A, Hertwich  EG, Luderer G (2017) “Embodied Energy Use and Lifecycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Future Electricity Supply Systems.” Nature Energy 2.

  • Pietzcker RC, Ueckerdt F, Carrara S, de Boer HS, Després J, Fujimori S, Johnson N, Kitous A, Scholz Y, Sullivan P, Luderer G (2017) System integration of wind and solar power in integrated assessment models: A cross-model evaluation of new approaches. Energy Economics 64:583–599. doi: 10.1016/j.eneco.2016.11.018 [link]

  • Rao S, Klimont Z, Smith SJ, Van Dingenen R, Dentener F, Bouwman L, Riahi K, Amann M, Bodirsky BL, van Vuuren DP, Aleluia Reis L, Calvin K, Drouet L, Fricko O, Fujimori S, Gernaat D, Havlik P, Harmsen M, Hasegawa T, Heyes C, Hilaire J, Luderer G, Masui T, Stehfest E, Strefler J, van der Sluis S, Tavoni M (2017) Future air pollution in the Shared Socio-economic Pathways. Global Environmental Change 42:346–358. doi: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.05.012 [link]
  • Riahi K, van Vuuren DP, Kriegler E, Edmonds J, O’Neill BC, Fujimori S, Bauer N, Calvin K, Dellink R, Fricko O, Lutz W, Popp A, Cuaresma JC, Kc S, Leimbach M, Jiang L, Kram T, Rao S, Emmerling J, Ebi K, Hasegawa T, Havlik P, Humpenöder F, Da Silva LA, Smith S, Stehfest E, Bosetti V, Eom J, Gernaat D, Masui T, Rogelj J, Strefler J, Drouet L, Krey V, Luderer G, Harmsen M, Takahashi K, Baumstark L, Doelman JC, Kainuma M, Klimont Z, Marangoni G, Lotze-Campen H, Obersteiner M, Tabeau A, Tavoni M (2017) The Shared Socioeconomic Pathways and their energy, land use, and greenhouse gas emissions implications: An overview. Global Environmental Change 42:153–168. doi: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.05.009 [link] [pdf]
  • Ueckerdt F, Pietzcker R, Scholz Y, Stetter D, Giannousakis A, Luderer G (2017) Decarbonizing global power supply under region-specific consideration of challenges and options of integrating variable renewables in the REMIND model. Energy Economics 64:665–684. doi: 10.1016/j.eneco.2016.05.012 [link]
  • van Soest HL, Aleluia Reis L, Drouet L, van Vuuren DP, den Elzen MGJ, Tavoni M, Akimoto K, Calvin KV, Fragkos P, Kitous A, Luderer G, Riahi K (2017) Low-emission pathways in 11 major economies: comparison of cost-optimal pathways and Paris climate proposals. Climatic Change 142:491–504. doi: 10.1007/s10584-017-1964-6 [link]


  • Bauer N, Mouratiadou I, Luderer G, Baumstark L, Brecha RJ, Edenhofer O, Kriegler E (2016) Global fossil energy markets and climate change mitigation – an analysis with REMIND. Climatic Change 136:69–82. doi: 10.1007/s10584-013-0901-6 [link]
  • Harmsen MJHM, Berg M van den, Krey V, Luderer G, Marcucci A, Strefler J, Vuuren DPV (2016) How climate metrics affect global mitigation strategies and costs: a multi-model study. Climatic Change 1–14. doi: 10.1007/s10584-016-1603-7 [link]
  • Kriegler E, Mouratiadou I, Luderer G, Bauer N, Brecha RJ, Calvin K, Cian ED, Edmonds J, Jiang K, Tavoni M, Edenhofer O (2016) Will economic growth and fossil fuel scarcity help or hinder climate stabilization? Climatic Change 1–16. doi: 10.1007/s10584-016-1668-3 [link]
  • Kriegler E, Mouratiadou I, Luderer G, Edmonds J, Edenhofer O (2016) Introduction to the RoSE special issue on the impact of economic growth and fossil fuel availability on climate protection. Climatic Change 136, no. 1 (May 2016): 1–6. doi:10.1007/s10584-016-1667-4. [link]

  • Luderer G, Bertram C, Calvin K, De Cian E, Kriegler E (2016) Implications of weak near-term climate policies on long-term mitigation pathways. Climatic Change 136:127–140. doi: 10.1007/s10584-013-0899-9 [link]
  • Mouratiadou I, Biewald A, Pehl M, Bonsch M, Baumstark L, Klein D, Popp A, Luderer G, Kriegler E (2016) The impact of climate change mitigation on water demand for energy and food: An integrated analysis based on the Shared Socioeconomic Pathways. Environmental Science & Policy 64:48–58. doi: 10.1016/j.envsci.2016.06.007 [link] [pdf]
  • Pietzcker R, Ueckerdt F, Carrara S, De Boer H, Depres J, Fujimori F, Kitous A, Johnson N, Scholz Y, Sullivan P, Luderer G (2016)  Representing the challenge of renewable energy variability in Integrated Assessment Models. Energy Economics (under review)
  • Rao S, Klimont Z, Leitao J, Riahi K, van Dingenen R, Reis LA, Calvin K, Dentener F, Drouet L, Fujimori S, Harmsen M, Luderer G, Heyes C, Strefler J, Tavoni M, van Vuuren DP (2016) A multi-model assessment of the co-benefits of climate mitigation for global air quality. Environmental Research Letters 11:124013. doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/11/12/124013 [link] [pdf]
  • Stechow C von, Minx JC, Riahi K, Jewell J, McCollum DL, Callaghan MW, Bertram C, Luderer G, Baiocchi G (2016) 2 °C and SDGs: united they stand, divided they fall? ?” Environmental Research Letters 11, no. 3 (March 1, 2016): 034022. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/3/034022. [link] [pdf]
  • Ueckerdt F, Pietzcker R, Scholz Y, Stetter D, Giannousakis A, Luderer G (2016). Capturing profile costs and other power sector dynamics through the use of a residual load duration curve in REMIND. Energy Economics (under review)


  • Arroyo-Currás T, Bauer N, Kriegler E, Schwanitz VJ, Luderer G, Aboumahboub T, Giannousakis A, Hilaire J (2015) Carbon leakage in a fragmented climate regime: The dynamic response of global energy markets. Technological Forecasting and Social Change 90, Part A:192–203. doi: 10.1016/j.techfore.2013.10.002 [link] [pdf]
  • Bertram C, Luderer G, Pietzcker RC, Schmid E, Kriegler E, Edenhofer O (2015) Complementing carbon prices with technology policies to keep climate targets within reach. Nature Clim Change 5:235–239. doi: 10.1038/nclimate2514 [link]
  • Bertram C, Johnson N, Luderer G, Riahi K, Isaac M, Eom J (2015) Carbon lock-in through capital stock inertia associated with weak near-term climate policies. Technological Forecasting and Social Change 90, Part A:62–72. doi: 10.1016/j.techfore.2013.10.001[link] [pdf]
  • Eom J, Edmonds J, Krey V, Johnson N, Longden T, Luderer G, Riahi K, Van Vuuren DP (2015) The impact of near-term climate policy choices on technology and emission transition pathways. Technological Forecasting and Social Change 90, Part A:73–88. doi: 10.1016/j.techfore.2013.09.017 [link] [pdf]
  • Gernaat DEHJ, Calvin K, Lucas PL, Luderer G, Otto SAC, Rao S, Strefler J, van Vuuren DP (2015) Understanding the contribution of non-carbon dioxide gases in deep mitigation scenarios. Global Environmental Change 33:142–153. doi: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2015.04.01 [link]
  • Kriegler E, Riahi K, Bauer N, Schwanitz VJ, Petermann N, Bosetti V, Marcucci A, Otto S, Paroussos L, Rao-Skirbekk S, Currás TA, Ashina S, Bollen J, Eom J, Hamdi-Cherif M, Longden T, Kitous A, Méjean A, Sano F, Schaeffer M, Wada K, Capros P, van Vuuren DP, Edenhofer O, Bertram C, Bibas R, Edmonds J, Johnson N, Krey V, Luderer G, McCollum D, Jiang K (2015) A short note on integrated assessment modeling approaches: Rejoinder to the review of “Making or breaking climate targets — The AMPERE study on staged accession scenarios for climate policy.” Technological Forecasting and Social Change 99:273–276. doi: 10.1016/j.techfore.2015.07.011 [link]
  • Kriegler E, Petermann N, Krey V, Schwanitz VJ, Luderer G, Ashina S, Bosetti V, Eom J, Kitous A, Méjean A, Paroussos L, Sano F, Turton H, Wilson C, Van Vuuren DP (2015) Diagnostic indicators for integrated assessment models of climate policy. Technological Forecasting and Social Change 90, Part A:45–61. doi: 10.1016/j.techfore.2013.09.020 [link] [pdf]
  • Leimbach M, Baumstark L, Luderer G (2014) The role of time preferences in explaining long-term pattern of international trade. Global Economy Journal. doi: 10.1515/gej-2014-0035 [link]
  • Mouratiadou I, Luderer G, Bauer N, Kriegler E (2015) Emissions and their drivers: sensitivity to economic growth and fossil fuel availability across world regions. Climatic Change 1–15. doi: 10.1007/s10584-015-1368-4 [link]

  • Riahi K, Kriegler E, Johnson N, Bertram C, den Elzen M, Eom J, Schaeffer M, Edmonds J, Isaac M, Krey V, Longden T, Luderer G, Méjean A, McCollum DL, Mima S, Turton H, van Vuuren DP, Wada K, Bosetti V, Capros P, Criqui P, Hamdi-Cherif M, Kainuma M, Edenhofer O (2015) Locked into Copenhagen pledges — Implications of short-term emission targets for the cost and feasibility of long-term climate goals. Technological Forecasting and Social Change 90, Part A:8–23. doi: 10.1016/j.techfore.2013.09.016 [link] [pdf]
  • Rogelj J, Luderer G, Pietzcker RC, Kriegler E, Schaeffer M, Krey V, Riahi K (2015) Energy system transformations for limiting end-of-century warming to below 1.5 °C. Nature Clim Change 5:519–527. doi: 10.1038/nclimate2572 [link]
  • Tavoni M, Kriegler E, Riahi K, van Vuuren DP, Aboumahboub T, Bowen A, Calvin K, Campiglio E, Kober T, Jewell J, Luderer G, Marangoni G, McCollum D, van Sluisveld M, Zimmer A, van der Zwaan B (2014) Post-2020 climate agreements in the major economies assessed in the light of global models. Nature Clim Change. doi: 10.1038/nclimate2475 [link]
  • Ueckerdt F, Brecha R, Luderer G (2015) Analyzing major challenges of wind and solar variability in power systems. Renewable Energy 81:1–10. doi: 10.1016/j.renene.2015.03.002 [link]
  • Ueckerdt F, Brecha R, Luderer G, Sullivan P, Schmid E, Bauer N, Böttger D, Pietzcker R (2015) Representing power sector variability and the integration of variable renewables in long-term energy-economy models using residual load duration curves. Energy 90, Part 2:1799–1814. doi: 10.1016/ [link]


  • Aboumahboub T, Luderer G, Kriegler E, Leimbach M, Bauer N, Pehl M, Baumstark L (2014) On the regional distribution of climate mitigation costs: the impact of delayed cooperative action. Clim Change Econ 5:1440002. doi: 10.1142/S2010007814400028 [link]
  • Friedlingstein P, Andrew RM, Rogelj J, Peters GP, Canadell JG, Knutti R, Luderer G, Raupach MR, Schaeffer M, van Vuuren DP, Le Quéré C (2014) Persistent growth of CO2 emissions and implications for reaching climate targets. Nature Geosci 7:709–715. doi: 10.1038/ngeo2248 [link]
  • Kriegler E, Weyant JP, Blanford GJ, Krey V, Clarke L, Edmonds J, Fawcett A, Luderer G, Riahi K, Richels R, Rose SK, Tavoni M, Vuuren DP van (2014d) The role of technology for achieving climate policy objectives: overview of the EMF 27 study on global technology and climate policy strategies. Climatic Change 123:353–367. doi: 10.1007/s10584-013-0953-7 [link]
  • Krey V, Luderer G, Clarke L, Kriegler E (2014) Getting from here to there – energy technology transformation pathways in the EMF27 scenarios. Climatic Change 1–14. doi: 10.1007/s10584-013-0947-5 [link]
  • Luderer G, Krey V, Calvin K, Merrick J, Mima S, Pietzcker R, Vliet JV, Wada K (2014) The role of renewable energy in climate stabilization: results from the EMF27 scenarios. Climatic Change 123:427–441. doi: 10.1007/s10584-013-0924-z [link] [preprint] [suppl. mat.]
  • Pietzcker RC, Longden T, Chen W, Fu S, Kriegler E, Kyle P, Luderer G (2014) Long-term transport energy demand and climate policy: Alternative visions on transport decarbonization in energy-economy models. Energy 64:95–108. doi: 10.1016/
    [link] [preprint]
  • Pietzcker RC, Stetter D, Manger S, Luderer G (2014) Using the sun to decarbonize the power sector: The economic potential of photovoltaics and concentrating solar power. Applied Energy. doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2014.08.011 [link]
  • Schwanitz VJ, Piontek F, Bertram C, Luderer G (2014) Long-term climate policy implications of phasing out fossil fuel subsidies. Energy Policy. doi: 10.1016/j.enpol.2013.12.015 [link] [preprint]
  • Strefler J, Luderer G, Aboumahboub T, Kriegler E (2014) Economic impacts of alternative greenhouse gas emission metrics: a model-based assessment. Climatic Change. doi: 10.1007/s10584-014-1188-y [link]
  • Strefler J, Luderer G, Kriegler E, Meinshausen M (2014) Can air pollutant controls change global warming? Environmental Science & Policy 41:33–43. doi: 10.1016/j.envsci.2014.04.009 [link]
  • Zhang S, Bauer N, Luderer G, Kriegler E (2014) Role of technologies in energy-related CO2 mitigation in China within a climate-protection world: A scenarios analysis using REMIND. Applied Energy 115:445–455. doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.10.039 [link]


  • Bauer N, Mouratiadou I, Luderer G, Baumstark L, Brecha RJ, Edenhofer O, Kriegler E (2013) Global fossil energy markets and climate change mitigation – an analysis with REMIND. Climatic Change in press. doi: 10.1007/s10584-013-0901-6 [link]
  • Deuber O, Luderer G, Edenhofer O (2013) Physico-economic evaluation of climate metrics: A conceptual framework. Environmental Science & Policy 29:37–45. doi:10.1016/j.envsci.2013.01.018. [link] [preprint]
  • Deuber O, Luderer G, Sausen R (2013) CO2 equivalences for short-lived climate forcers. Climatic Change 1–14. doi: 10.1007/s10584-013-1014-y [link]
  • Edenhofer O, Knopf B, Luderer G (2013) Reaping the benefits of renewables in a nonoptimal world. PNAS 110:11666–11667. doi:10.1073/pnas.1310754110. [link] 
  • Klein D, Luderer G, Kriegler E, Strefler J, Bauer N, Leimbach M, Popp A, Dietrich JP, Humpenöder F, Lotze-Campen H, Edenhofer O (2014) The value of bioenergy in low stabilization scenarios: an assessment using REMIND-MAgPIE. Climatic Change 123:705–718. doi: 10.1007/s10584-013-0940-z [link] [preprint]
  • Kriegler E, Tavoni M, Aboumahboub T, Luderer G, Calvin K, Demaere G, Krey V, Riahi K, Rösler H, Schaeffer M, Van Vuuren DP (2013) What does the 2°C target imply for a global climate agreement in 2020? the Limits study on Durban platform scenarios. Clim Change Econ 4:1340008. doi: 10.1142/S2010007813400083 [link]
  • Kriegler E, Edenhofer O, Reuster L, Luderer G, Klein D (2013) Is atmospheric carbon dioxide removal a game changer for climate change mitigation? Climatic Change 118:45–57. doi:10.1007/s10584-012-0681-4. [link] [preprint]
  • Luderer G, Bertram C, Calvin K, Cian ED, Kriegler E (2013) Implications of weak near-term climate policies on long-term mitigation pathways. Climatic Change 1–14. doi: 10.1007/s10584-013-0899-9 [link]
  • Luderer G, Pietzcker RC, Bertram C, Kriegler E, Meinshausen M, Edenhofer O (2013) Economic mitigation challenges: how further delay closes the door for achieving climate targets. Environ Res Lett 8:34033. doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/8/3/034033 [link] [preprint]
  • Steckel JC, Brecha RJ, Jakob M, Strefler J, Luderer G (2013) Development without energy? Assessing future scenarios of energy consumption in developing countries. Ecological Economics 90:53–67. doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2013.02.006. [preprint] [link]
  • Tavoni M, Kriegler E, Aboumahboub T, Calvin K, De Maere G, Wise M, Klein D, Jewell J, Kober T, Lucas P, Luderer G, McCOLLUM D, Marangoni G, Riahi K, Van Vuuren D (2013a) The distribution of the major economies’ effort in the durban platform scenarios. Clim Change Econ 4:1340009. doi: 10.1142/S2010007813400095 [link]
  • Ueckerdt F, Hirth L, Luderer G, Edenhofer O (2013) System LCOE: What are the costs of variable renewables? Energy 63:61–75. doi: 10.1016/ [link] [preprint]


  • Bauer N, Brecha RJ, Luderer G (2012) Economics of nuclear power and climate change mitigation policies. PNAS 109:16805–16810. doi:10.1073/pnas.1201264109. [link]
  • Calvin K, Clarke L, Krey V, Blanford G, Kejun J, Kainuma M, Kriegler E, Luderer G, Shukla PR (2012) The Role of Asia in Mitigating Climate Change: Results from the Asia Modeling Exercise. Energy Economics. doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2012.09.003. [link]
  • Creutzig F, Popp A, Plevin R, Luderer G, Minx J, Edenhofer O (2012) Reconciling top-down and bottom-up modelling on future bioenergy deployment. Nature Climate Change 2:320–327. doi:10.1038/nclimate1416. [link]
  • Jakob M, Luderer G, Steckel J, Tavoni M, Monjon S (2012) Time to act now? Assessing the costs of delaying climate measures and benefits of early action. Climatic Change 114:79–99. doi:10.1007/s10584-011-0128-3. [preprint] [link]
  • Luderer G, Bosetti V, Jakob M, Leimbach M, Steckel J, Waisman H, Edenhofer O (2012) The economics of decarbonizing the energy system—results and insights from the RECIPE model intercomparison. Climatic Change 114:9–37. doi:10.1007/s10584-011-0105-x.  [preprint] [link]
  • Luderer G, DeCian E, Hourcade J-C, Leimbach M, Waisman H, Edenhofer O (2012) On the regional distribution of mitigation costs in a global cap-and-trade regime. Climatic Change 114:59–78. doi:10.1007/s10584-012-0408-6. [preprint] [link]
  • Luderer G, Pietzcker RC, Kriegler E, Haller M, Bauer N (2012) Asia’s role in mitigating climate change: A technology and sector specific analysis with ReMIND-R. Energy Economics. doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2012.07.022. [link] [preprint] [suppl. mat.]
  • Tavoni M, De Cian E, Luderer G, Steckel J, Waisman H (2012) The value of technology and of its evolution towards a low carbon economy. Climatic Change 114:39–57. doi:10.1007/s10584-011-0294-3. [link]


  • Knopf B, Luderer G, Edenhofer O (2011) Exploring the feasibility of low stabilization target. WIREs Clim Change 1:DOI: 10.1002/wcc.124. [link]
  • Lüken M, Edenhofer O, Knopf B, Leimbach M, Luderer G, Bauer N (2011) The role of technological availability for the distributive impacts of climate change mitigation policy. Energy Policy 39:6030–6039. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2011.07.002. [link]
  • Steckel JC, Jakob M, Marschinski R, Luderer G (2011) From carbonization to decarbonization?–Past trends and future scenarios for China’s CO2 emissions. Energy Policy 39:3443–3455. [link]

2010 and earlier

  • Knopf B, Edenhofer O, Flachsland C, Kok MTJ, Lotze-Campen H, Luderer G, Popp A, van Vuuren DP (2010) Managing the low-carbon transition–from model results to policies. The Energy Journal 31:223–245. [preprint]
  • Luderer G, Trentmann J, Andreae MO (2009) A new look at the role of fire-released moisture on the dynamics of atmospheric pyro-convection. Int J Wildland Fire 18:554–562. [preprint] [link]
  • Luderer G, Trentmann J, Hungershöfer K, Herzog M, Fromm M, Andreae MO (2007) Small-scale mixing processes enhancing troposphere-to-stratosphere transport by pyro-cumulonimbus storms. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 7:10371–10403. [link]
  • Rosenfeld D, Fromm M, Trentmann J, Luderer G, Andreae MO, Servranckx R (2007) The Chisholm firestorm: observed microstructure, precipitation and lightning activity of a pyro-cumulonimbus. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 7:645–659. [link]
  • Luderer G, Trentmann J, Winterrath T, Textor C, Herzog M, Graf HF, Andreae MO (2006) Modeling of biomass smoke injection into the lower stratosphere by a large forest fire (Part II): sensitivity studies. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions 6:6081–6124. [link]
  • Trentmann J, Luderer G, Winterrath T, Fromm MD, Servranckx R, Textor C, Herzog M, Graf HF, Andreae MO (2006) Modeling of biomass smoke injection into the lower stratosphere by a large forest fire (Part I): reference simulation. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions 6:6041–6080. [link]
  • Luderer G, Coakley Jr JA, Tahnk WR (2005) Using Sun glint to check the relative calibration of reflected spectral radiances. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 22:1480–1493. [reprint] [link]

    Supervision of PhD and Master’s Students

    Supervision of PhD projects

    • Christoph Bertram, Thesis: The effect of near-term climate policies on the achievability of ambitious long-term climate targets – PhD 2015
    • Falko Ueckerdt, Thesis: Integrating variable electricity supply from wind and solar PV into power systems – PhD 2015
    • Jessica Strefler, Thesis: Challenges for low stabilization of climate change. The complementarity of non-CO2 greenhouse gas and aerosol abatement to CO2 emission reductions – PhD 2014
    • Robert Pietzcker, Thesis: Achieving stringent climate targets. An analysis of the role of transport and variable renewable energies using energy economy climate models – PhD 2014
    • Odette Deuber, Thesis:  Metric choice for trading-off short- and long-lived climate forcers. A transdisciplinary approach using the example of aviation – PhD 2014

    Master’s students advisor

    • Michaja Pehl, Diplomarabeit: Carbon Capture and Storage as an abatement option for the industry sector (2012).

    Reports, research papers and other publications

    • Luderer G, Leimbach M, Bauer N, Kriegler E, Baumstark L, Bertram C, Giannousakis A, Hilaire J, Klein D, Mouratiadou I, Pehl M, Pietzcker R, Piontek F, Roming N, Schultes A, Schwanitz VJ, Strefler J (2015) Description of the Remind Model (Version 1.6). Social Science Research Network, Rochester, NY
    • Edenhofer, O.; Kadner, S.; Stechow, C. von; Schwerhoff, G.; Luderer, G. (2014) Linking Climate Change Mitigation Research to Sustainable Development. Handbook of Sustainable Development 2014. 476-499 p. 2. ed.
    • Kriegler, E., Mouratiadou, I., Luderer, G., Bauer, N., Calvin, K., DeCian, E., Brecha, R., Chen, W., Cherp, A., Edmonds, J., Jiang, K., Pachauri, S., Sferra, F., Tavoni, M., Edenhofer, O. (2013). Roadmaps towards Sustainable Energy futures and climate protection: A synthesis of results from the RoSE project (1st edition). Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam. [link] [pdf]
    • Luderer G, Höhne N, Bertram C, Braun N, Edenhofer O, Kriegler E, Meinshausen M, Petermann N, Pietzcker R (2013) Final project report: Scenarios on the feasibility of emissions reductions consistent with 2°C stabilization. Federal Environment Agency
    • Luderer G, Leimbach M, Bauer N, Kriegler E, Aboumahboub T, Curras TA, Baumstark L, Bertram C, Giannousakis A, Hilaire J, Klein D, Mouratiadou I, Pietzcker R, Piontek F, Roming N, Schultes A, Schwanitz VJ, Strefler J (2013) Description of the REMIND Model (Version 1.5). SSRN Working Paper 2312844 [link]
    • Ueckerdt F, Luderer G, Müller-Hansen F (2013) Projektabschlussbericht: Analyse des Klimaschutzpotentials der Nutzung von erneuerbarem Wasserstoff und Methan. DVGW Deutscher Verein des Gas- und Wasserfaches e. V. [pdf]
    • Popp A, Luderer G, Vohland K, Lotze-Campen H (2012) Mechanisms for Avoiding Deforestation and Forest Degradation. In: Edenhofer O, Wallacher J, Lotze-Campen H, Reder M, Knopf B, Müller J (eds) Climate Change, Justice and Sustainability. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 287–295. [link]
    • Knopf B, Kowarsch M, Edenhofer O, Luderer G (2012) Climate Change Mitigation: Options, Costs and Risks. In: Edenhofer O, Wallacher J, Lotze-Campen H, Reder M, Knopf B, Müller J (eds) Climate Change, Justice and Sustainability. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 139–150. [link]
    • Gösele A, Luderer G (2012) Worldwide Promotion and Diffusion of Climate-Friendly Technologies. In: Edenhofer O, Wallacher J, Lotze-Campen H, Reder M, Knopf B, Müller J (eds) Climate Change, Justice and Sustainability. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 297–309. [link]
    • Knopf B, Kowarsch M, Lüken M, Edenhofer O, Luderer G (2012) A Global Carbon Market and the Allocation of Emission Rights. In: Edenhofer O, Wallacher J, Lotze-Campen H, Reder M, Knopf B, Müller J (eds) Climate Change, Justice and Sustainability. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 269–285. [link]
    • Flachsland C, Luderer G, Steckel J, Knopf, Edenhofer O (2010). International Emissions Trading and the Global Deal. Contribution to the "Research and Forum on Economics of Climate Change - Towards a Low-Carbon Economy in China. Earthscan
    • Edenhofer, O., Knopf, B., Luderer, G. (2010): From Utopia to Common Sense: The Climate Mitigation Challenge. In: Cerdá, E. and Labandeira, X. (Eds) Climate Change Policies. Global Challenges and Future Prospects, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham (UK).
    • Edenhofer, O., C. Carraro, J.-C. Hourcade, K. Neuhoff, G. Luderer, C. Flachsland, M. Jakob, A. Popp, J. Steckel, J. Strohschein, N. Bauer, S. Brunner, M. Leimbach, H. Lotze-Campen, V. Bosetti, E. de Cian, M. Tavoni, O. Sassi, H. Waisman, R. Crassous-Doerfler, S. Monjon, S. Dröge, H. van Essen, P. del Río, A. Türk (2009): RECIPE - The Economics of Decarbonization. Synthesis Report.
    • Luderer, G., V. Bosetti, J. Steckel, H. Waisman, N. Bauer, E. De Cian, M. Leimbach, O. Sassi, M. Tavoni (2009): The Economics of Decarbonzation: Results from the RECIPE model intercomparison. RECIPE Background Paper.
    • Jakob, M., H. Waisman, V. Bosetti, E. De Cian, M. Leimbach, L. Baumstark, G. Luderer (2009): Description of the RECIPE models. RECIPE Background Paper
    • Luderer G, Bosetti, V, Jakob, M, Steckel, J, Waisman, H, Edenhofer, O. (2009), Towards a better understanding of disparities in scenarios of decarbonization: sectorally and regionally explicit results from the RECIPE project. CMCC Research Paper available at
    • Edenhofer O., B. Knopf, G. Luderer (2009): Weltklimagipfel in Kopenhagen: Notwendige Eckpfeiler für eine neue Architektur. ifo Schnelldienst, 19/2009. [peprint]
    • Edenhofer, O., G. Luderer, C. Flachsland, H.-M. Füssel, A. Popp, G. Feulner, B. Knopf, H. Held (2008): A Global  Contract on Climate Change, policy paper prepared for the conference 'A Global Contract Based on Climate Justic: The Need for a New Approach Concerning International Relations' held in the European Parliament, Brussels, in November 2008. [link]
    • Edenhofer, O.,  B. Knopf, J. Steckel and G. Luderer (2008), The Honest Broker - Stuck Halfway Through, Policy paper and comment on Pielke et. al in Nature, 2008. [link]. (see also our related letter to the editor in nature).
    • Luderer, G., and 13 co-authors (2006), Greenhouse gas emission trends and projections in Europe 2006, EEA Report No. 9/2006, European Environmental Agency and its European Topic Centre on Air and Climate Change (ETC/ACC). [link]


    • Luderer, G. (2007), Modeling of Deep-Convective Transport of Forest Fire Smoke into the Upper Troposphere and Lower Stratosphere, Dissertation, University of Mainz. [pdf]
    • Luderer, G. (2003), Modeling and Application of Multispectral Oceanic Sunglint Observation, Joint Diploma/MSc thesis, University of Heidelberg and Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA. [pdf]

    Latest update: April 2016

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