Dr. Benjamin Leon Bodirsky

Senior Scientist

Benjamin Leon Bodirsky is from February 2022 until December 2022 seconded to the World Vegetable Center in Tainan, Taiwan.

Benjamin is curious about the global land system and food system. What are the large-scale and long-term transitions of these systems? What are the drivers and dynamics behind these changes? What are the spatial patterns? What are the consequences for the environment, dietary health and inequality? And, most of all, how could we create the political conditions for a sustainable food system?

Benjamin works mainly on three topic clusters:

  • Food systems, dietary change, food security and obesity
  • The global nitrogen cycle, greenhouse gas emissions, and planetary boundaries
  • Land systems, agricultural markets, climate impacts, bioenergy and mitigation policies

The unifying element behind these topics is his methodological approach. He enjoys designing and developing quantitative simulation models that combine economic and biophysical dynamics. He is one of the main developers of the open-source land system modelling framework MAgPIE (https://github.com/magpiemodel), the food demand model, and the geospatial data inventory MADRAT.


Working Group


Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK)
T +49 (0)331 288 2415
P.O. Box 60 12 03
14412 Potsdam


Employment and education

  • Seconded since February 2022 to the World Vegetable Center (Tainan, Taiwan)
  • Employed since 2007 at Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research in the Landuse Modelling research team
  • Seconded to CSIRO (Brisbane, Australia) in the Food Systems and Global Change research team (2014-2016)
  • Seconded to CIAT (Cali, Colombia) in the Decision and Policy Analysis research area (2013-2014)
  • Studied Economics, Politics, Sociology and History at TU Berlin, University of Potsdam, Sciences Po Bordeaux, Université Montesquieu Bordeaux, University of Edinburgh

Scientific Positions (current)

  • Secretariat member of the Food System Economics Commission (FSEC)
  • Scientific Positions (past)

  • Steering committee member of the German Alliance for Global Health Research (Representative of Engineering and other sciences)
  • Guest editor for a special issue in Global Food Security
  • Guest editor for a special issue in Environmental Research Letters
  • Guest editor for a special issue in Environmental Research Communications

Fields of Interest

  • Designing and developing quantitative computer models (MAgPIE, Food Demand Model, MADRAT)
  • The global nitrogen cycle
  • Projections of future food demand
  • Estimates of greenhouse gas emissions (N2O, CH4, CO2) from agriculture and land-use change
  • Land system scenarios
  • Policy options to improve sustainability of agriculture within the challenges of climate change
Benjamin has been included in the 2021 list of highly cited researchers.

Peer-reviewed journals


  • Karstens, Kristine, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Jan Philipp Dietrich, Marta Dondini, Jens Heinke, Matthias Kuhnert, Christoph Müller, et al. 2022. ‘Management-Induced Changes in Soil Organic Carbon on Global Croplands’. Biogeosciences 19 (21): 5125–49. https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-19-5125-2022.
  • Braun, Johanna, Fabian Stenzel, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Mika Jalava, and Dieter Gerten. ‘Dietary Changes Could Compensate for Potential Yield Reductions upon Global River Flow Protection’. Global Sustainability, July, 1–27. https://doi.org/10.1017/sus.2022.12.
  • Mishra, Abhijeet, Florian Humpenöder, Galina Churkina, Christopher P. O. Reyer, Felicitas Beier, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Hans Joachim Schellnhuber, Hermann Lotze-Campen, and Alexander Popp. 2022. ‘Land Use Change and Carbon Emissions of a Transformation to Timber Cities’. Nature Communications 13 (1): 4889. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-022-32244-w.
  • Wang, Xiaoxi, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Christoph Müller, Kevin Z. Chen, and Changzheng Yuan. 2022. ‘The Triple Benefits of Slimming and Greening the Chinese Food System’. Nature Food, August. https://doi.org/10.1038/s43016-022-00580-1.
  • Xia, Lili, Alan Robock, Kim Scherrer, Cheryl S. Harrison, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Isabelle Weindl, Jonas Jägermeyr, Charles G. Bardeen, Owen B. Toon, and Ryan Heneghan. 2022. ‘Global Food Insecurity and Famine from Reduced Crop, Marine Fishery and Livestock Production Due to Climate Disruption from Nuclear War Soot Injection’. Nature Food, August, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1038/s43016-022-00573-0.
  • Wang, Xiaoxi, Meng Xu, Bin Lin, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Jiaqi Xuan, Jan Philipp Dietrich, Miodrag Stevanović, et al. 2022. ‘Reforming China’s Fertilizer Policies: Implications for Nitrogen Pollution Reduction and Food Security’. Sustainability Science, July. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11625-022-01189-w.
  • Bodirsky, Benjamin Leon, David Meng-Chuen Chen (shared first authorship), Isabelle Weindl, Bjoern Soergel, Felicitas Beier, Edna J. Molina Bacca, Franziska Gaupp, Alexander Popp, and Hermann Lotze-Campen. 2022. ‘Integrating Degrowth and Efficiency Perspectives Enables an Emission-Neutral Food System by 2100’. Nature Food, 10.
  • Humpenöder, Florian, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Isabelle Weindl, Hermann Lotze-Campen, Tomas Linder, and Alexander Popp. 2022. ‘Projected Environmental Benefits of Replacing Beef with Microbial Protein’. Nature 605 (7908): 90–96. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-022-04629-w.
  • Doelman, Jonathan C, Felicitas D Beier, Elke Stehfest, Benjamin L Bodirsky, Arthur H W Beusen, Florian Humpenöder, Abhijeet Mishra, et al. ‘Quantifying Synergies and Trade-Offs in the Global Water-Land-Food-Climate Nexus Using a Multi-Model Scenario Approach’. Environmental Research Letters 17 (4): 045004. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/ac5766.


  • Gaupp, F., C. Ruggeri Laderchi, H. Lotze-Campen, F. DeClerck, B. L. Bodirsky, S. Lowder, A. Popp, et al. ‘Food System Development Pathways for Healthy, Nature-Positive and Inclusive Food Systems’. Nature Food, December, 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1038/s43016-021-00421-7.
  • Stuhr, Luisa, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Melanie Jaeger-Erben, Felicitas Beier, Claudia Hunecke, Quitterie Collignon, and Hermann Lotze-Campen. 2021. ‘German Pig Farmers’ Perceived Agency under Different Nitrogen Policies’. Environmental Research Communications, July. https://doi.org/10.1088/2515-7620/ac18a6.
  • Mouratiadou, Ioanna, Catharina Latka, Floor van der Hilst, Christoph Müller, Regine Berges, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Frank Ewert, et al. 2021. ‘Quantifying Sustainable Intensification of Agriculture: The Contribution of Metrics and Modelling’. Ecological Indicators 129 (October): 107870. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2021.107870.
  • Zhang, Xin, Tan Zou, Luis Lassaletta, Nathaniel D. Mueller, Francesco N. Tubiello, Matthew D. Lisk, Chaoqun Lu, ... Benjamin Leon Boidrsky et al. 2021. ‘Quantification of Global and National Nitrogen Budgets for Crop Production’. Nature Food, July. https://doi.org/10.1038/s43016-021-00318-5.
  • Soergel, Bjoern, Elmar Kriegler, Isabelle Weindl, Sebastian Rauner, Alois Dirnaichner, Constantin Ruhe, Matthias Hofmann, Nico Bauer, Christoph Bertram, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky et al. 2021. ‘A Sustainable Development Pathway for Climate Action within the UN 2030 Agenda’. Nature Climate Change 11 (8): 656–64. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-021-01098-3.
  • Soergel, Bjoern, Elmar Kriegler, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Nico Bauer, Marian Leimbach, and Alexander Popp. 2021. ‘Combining Ambitious Climate Policies with Efforts to Eradicate Poverty’. Nature Communications 12 (1): 2342. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-22315-9.
  • Herrero, Mario, Philip K Thornton, Daniel Mason-D’Croz, Jeda Palmer, Benjamin L Bodirsky, Prajal Pradhan, Christopher B Barrett, et al. 2021. ‘Articulating the Effect of Food Systems Innovation on the Sustainable Development Goals’. The Lancet Planetary Health 5 (1): e50–62. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(20)30277-1.


  • Bodirsky, Benjamin Leon, Jan Philipp Dietrich, Eleonora Martinelli, Antonia Stenstad, Prajal Pradhan, Sabine Gabrysch, Abhijeet Mishra, et al. 2020. ‘The Ongoing Nutrition Transition Thwarts Long-Term Targets for Food Security, Public Health and Environmental Protection’. Scientific Reports 10 (1): 19778. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-75213-3.
  • Mitter, Hermine, Anja-K. Techen, Franz Sinabell, Katharina Helming, Erwin Schmid, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Ian Holman, et al. 2020. ‘Shared Socio-Economic Pathways for European Agriculture and Food Systems: The Eur-Agri-SSPs’. Global Environmental Change 65 (November): 102159. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2020.102159.
  • Hurtt, George C., Louise Chini, Ritvik Sahajpal, Steve Frolking, Benjamin L. Bodirsky, Katherine Calvin, Jonathan C. Doelman, et al. 2020. ‘Harmonization of Global Land Use Change and Management for the Period 850–2100 (LUH2) for CMIP6’. Geoscientific Model Development 13 (11): 5425–64. https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-13-5425-2020.
  • Leip, Adrian, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, and Susanna Kugelberg. 2020. ‘The Role of Nitrogen in Achieving Sustainable Food Systems for Healthy Diets’. Global Food Security, October, 100408. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gfs.2020.100408.
  • Cacho, Oscar J., Jonathan Moss, Philip K. Thornton, Mario Herrero, Ben Henderson, Benjamin L. Bodirsky, Florian Humpenöder, Alexander Popp, and Leslie Lipper. 2020. ‘The Value of Climate-Resilient Seeds for Smallholder Adaptation in Sub-Saharan Africa’. Climatic Change 162 (3): 1213–29. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-020-02817-z.
  • Herrero, Mario, Philip K. Thornton, Daniel Mason-D’Croz, Jeda Palmer, Tim G. Benton, Benjamin L. Bodirsky, Jessica R. Bogard, et al. 2020. ‘Innovation Can Accelerate the Transition towards a Sustainable Food System’. Nature Food 1 (5): 266–72. https://doi.org/10.1038/s43016-020-0074-1.
  • Wang, Xiaoxi, Jan P. Dietrich, Hermann Lotze-Campen, Anne Biewald, Miodrag Stevanović, Benjamin L. Bodirsky, Bernhard Brümmer, and Alexander Popp. 2020. ‘Beyond Land-Use Intensity: Assessing Future Global Crop Productivity Growth under Different Socioeconomic Pathways’. Technological Forecasting and Social Change 160 (November): 120208. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2020.120208.
  • T. Hasegawa, S. Fujimori, P. Havlík, H. Valin, B. L. Bodirsky, J. C. Doelman, T. Fellmann, P. Kyle, J. F. L. Koopman, H. Lotze-Campen, D. Mason-D’Croz, C. Müller, Y. Ochi, I. Pérez Domínguez, E. Stehfest, T. B. Sulser, A. Tabeau, K. Takahashi, J. Takakura, H. van Meijl, W.-J. van Zeist, K. Wiebe, P. Witzke, Reply to: An appeal to cost undermines food security risks of delayed mitigation. Nature Climate Change. 10, 420–421.
  • Sanz-Cobena, Alberto, Roberta Alessandrini, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Marco Springmann, Eduardo Aguilera, Barbara Amon, Fabio Bartolini, et al. 2020. ‘Research Meetings Must Be More Sustainable’. Nature Food 1 (4): 187–89. https://doi.org/10.1038/s43016-020-0065-2. read and sign the petition!
  • Chen, David Meng-Chuen, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Tobias Krueger, Abhijeet Mishra, and Alexander Popp. ‘The World’s Growing Municipal Solid Waste: Trends and Impacts’. Environmental Research Letters. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/ab8659.
  • Bodirsky, Benjamin Leon, Prajal Pradhan, and Marco Springmann. 2020. ‘Reducing Ruminant Numbers and Consumption of Animal Source Foods Are Aligned with Environmental and Public Health Demands’. Landbauforschung : Journal of Sustainable and Organic Agricultural Systems, no. 69(2019)1 (February): 25–30. https://doi.org/10.3220/LBF1581688226000.
  • Kanter, David R., Wilfried Winiwarter, Benjamin L. Bodirsky, Lex Bouwman, Elizabeth Boyer, Simon Buckle, Jana E. Compton, et al. 2020. ‘A Framework for Nitrogen Futures in the Shared Socioeconomic Pathways’. Global Environmental Change 61 (March): 102029. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2019.102029.
  • Gerten, Dieter, Vera Heck, Jonas Jägermeyr, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Ingo Fetzer, Mika Jalava, Matti Kummu, et al. 2020. ‘Feeding Ten Billion People Is Possible within Four Terrestrial Planetary Boundaries’. Nature Sustainability, January, 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-019-0465-1.


  • Mitter, Hermine, Anja-K. Techen, Franz Sinabell, Katharina Helming, Kasper Kok, Jörg A. Priess, Erwin Schmid, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky et al. 2019. ‘A Protocol to Develop Shared Socio-Economic Pathways for European Agriculture’. Journal of Environmental Management 252 (December): 109701. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.109701.
  • Luderer, Gunnar, Michaja Pehl, Anders Arvesen, Thomas Gibon, Benjamin L. Bodirsky, Harmen Sytze de Boer, Oliver Fricko, et al. 2019. ‘Environmental Co-Benefits and Adverse Side-Effects of Alternative Power Sector Decarbonization Strategies’. Nature Communications 10 (1): 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-13067-8.
  • Milford, Anna Brigitte, Le Mouël, Chantal, Bodirsky, Benjamin Leon, Rolinski, Susanne, 2019. Drivers of meat consumption. Appetite 141, 104313. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2019.06.005
  • Fujimori, Shinichiro, Tomoko Hasegawa, Volker Krey, Keywan Riahi, Christoph Bertram, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Valentina Bosetti, u. a. „A Multi-Model Assessment of Food Security Implications of Climate Change Mitigation“. Nature Sustainability 2, Nr. 5 (Mai 2019): 386. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-019-0286-2.
  • Stehfest, Elke, Willem-Jan van Zeist, Hugo Valin, Petr Havlik, Alexander Popp, Page Kyle, Andrzej Tabeau, ..., Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, u. a. „Key Determinants of Global Land-Use Projections“. Nature Communications 10, Nr. 1 (Dezember 2019): 2166. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-09945-w.
  • Dietrich, Jan Philipp, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Florian Humpenöder, Isabelle Weindl, Miodrag Stevanović, Kristine Karstens, Ulrich Kreidenweis, et al. 2019. “MAgPIE 4 – a Modular Open-Source Framework for Modeling Global Land Systems.” Geoscientific Model Development 12 (4): 1299–1317. https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-12-1299-2019.
  • Harmsen, Mathijs, Detlef P. van Vuuren, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Jean Chateau, Olivier Durand-Lasserve, Laurent Drouet, Oliver Fricko, u. a. 2019. „The Role of Methane in Future Climate Strategies: Mitigation Potentials and Climate Impacts“. Climatic Change, Mai. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-019-02437-2.


  • Springmann, Marco, Michael Clark, Daniel Mason-D’Croz, Keith Wiebe, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Luis Lassaletta, Wim de Vries, et al. 2018. “Options for Keeping the Food System within Environmental Limits.” Nature, October, 1. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-018-0594-0.
  • Pikaar, Ilje, Silvio Matassa, Benjamin L. Bodirsky, Isabelle Weindl, Florian Humpenöder, Korneel Rabaey, Nico Boon, et al. 2018. “Decoupling Livestock from Land Use through Industrial Feed Production Pathways.” Environmental Science & Technology, June. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.8b00216.
  • Hasegawa, Tomoko, Shinichiro Fujimori, Petr Havlík, Hugo Valin, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Jonathan C. Doelman, Thomas Fellmann, et al. 2018. “Risk of Increased Food Insecurity under Stringent Global Climate Change Mitigation Policy.” Nature Climate Change 8 (8): 699–703. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-018-0230-x.
  • Meijl, Hans van, Petr Havlik, Hermann Lotze-Campen, Elke Stehfest, Peter Witzke, Ignacio Pérez Domínguez, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, et al. 2018. “Comparing Impacts of Climate Change and Mitigation on Global Agriculture by 2050.” Environmental Research Letters 13 (6): 064021. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/aabdc4.
  • Arvesen, Anders, Gunnar Luderer, Michaja Pehl, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, and Edgar G. Hertwich. 2018. “Deriving Life Cycle Assessment Coefficients for Application in Integrated Assessment Modelling.” Environmental Modelling & Software 99 (January): 111–25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsoft.2017.09.010.
  • Kreidenweis, Ulrich, Florian Humpenöder, Laura Kehoe, Tobias Kuemmerle, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Hermann Lotze‐Campen, and Alexander Popp. 2018. “Pasture Intensification Is Insufficient to Relieve Pressure on Conservation Priority Areas in Open Agricultural Markets.” Global Change Biology 0 (0). https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14272.
  • Krause Andreas, Pugh Thomas A. M., Bayer Anita D., Li Wei, Leung Felix, Bondeau Alberte, Doelman Jonathan C., Humpenöder Florian, Peter Anthoni, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky et al. 2018. “Large Uncertainty in Carbon Uptake Potential of Land‐based Climate‐change Mitigation Efforts.” Global Change Biology 0 (0). https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14144.
  • Rolinski, S., C. Müller, J. Heinke, I. Weindl, A. Biewald, B. L. Bodirsky, A. Bondeau, et al. 2018. “Modeling Vegetation and Carbon Dynamics of Managed Grasslands at the Global Scale with LPJmL 3.6.” Geosci. Model Dev. 11 (1): 429–51. https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-11-429-2018.
  • Humpenöder, Florian, Alexander Popp, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Isabelle Weindl, Anne Biewald, Hermann Lotze-Campen, Jan Philipp Dietrich, et al. 2018. “Large-Scale Bioenergy Production: How to Resolve Sustainability Trade-Offs?” Environmental Research Letters 13 (2): 024011. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/aa9e3b.


  • Frieler, K., S. Lange, F. Piontek, C. P. O. Reyer, J. Schewe, L. Warszawski, F. Zhao,...B.L.Bodirsky,... et al. “Assessing the Impacts of 1.5 °C Global Warming – Simulation Protocol of the Inter-Sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project (ISIMIP2b).” Geosci. Model Dev. 10 (12):4321–45. https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-10-4321-2017.
  • Krause, Andreas, T. A. M. Pugh, A. D. Bayer, J. C. Doelman, F. Humpenöder, P. Anthoni, S. Olin, B.L. Bodirsky et al. 2017. “Global Consequences of Afforestation and Bioenergy Cultivation on Ecosystem Service Indicators.” Biogeosciences 14 (21):4829–50. https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-14-4829-2017.
  • Goswami, Bedartha, Paul Schultz, Birte Heinze, Norbert Marwan, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Hermann Lotze-Campen, and JüRgen Kurths. 2017. “Inferring Interdependencies from Short Time Series.” Indian Academy of Sciences – Conference Series 1 (1): 51–60. https://doi.org/10.29195/iascs.01.01.0021.
  • Weindl, Isabelle, Alexander Popp, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Susanne Rolinski, Hermann Lotze-Campen, Anne Biewald, Florian Humpenöder, Jan Philipp Dietrich, and Miodrag Stevanović. “Livestock and Human Use of Land: Productivity Trends and Dietary Choices as Drivers of Future Land and Carbon Dynamics.” Global and Planetary Change. Accessed October 23, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2017.10.002.
  • Weindl, Isabelle, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Susanne Rolinski, Anne Biewald, Hermann Lotze-Campen, Christoph Müller, Jan Philipp Dietrich, et al. “Livestock Production and the Water Challenge of Future Food Supply: Implications of Agricultural Management and Dietary Choices.” Global Environmental Change 47 (Supplement C):121–32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2017.09.010.
  • Pikaar, Ilje, Silvio Matassa, Korneel Rabaey, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Alexander Popp, Mario Herrero, and Willy Verstraete. 2017. “Microbes and the Next Nitrogen Revolution.” Environmental Science & Technology 51 (13):7297–7303. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.7b00916.
  • Popp, Alexander, Katherine Calvin, Shinichiro Fujimori, Petr Havlik, Florian Humpenöder, Elke Stehfest, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, et al. “Land-Use Futures in the Shared Socio-Economic Pathways.” Global Environmental Change (42) 331-345. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.10.002. pdf.
  • Rao, Shilpa, Zbigniew Klimont, Steven J. Smith, Rita Van Dingenen, Frank Dentener, Lex Bouwman, Keywan Riahi, ..., Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, et al. 2017. ‘Future Air Pollution in the Shared Socio-Economic Pathways’. Global Environmental Change 42 (January): 346–58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.05.012.
  • Kriegler, Elmar, Nico Bauer, Alexander Popp, Florian Humpenöder, Marian Leimbach, Jessica Strefler, Lavinia Baumstark, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky et al. “Fossil-Fueled Development (SSP5): An Emission, Energy and Resource Intensive Reference Scenario for the 21st Century.” Global Environmental Change (42) 297-315.
  • Miodrag Stevanović, Alexander Popp, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Florian Humpenöder, Christoph Müller, Isabelle Weindl, Jan Philipp Dietrich, Hermann Lotze-Campen, Ulrich Kreidenweis, Susanne Rolinski, Anne Biewald, Xiaoxi Wang: Mitigation strategies for greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture and land-use change: Consequences for food prices. Environmental Science & Technology 51 (1). DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.6b04291
  • Lotze-Campen, Hermann, Peter H. Verburg, Alexander Popp, Marcus Lindner, Pieter J. Verkerk, Alexander Moiseyev, Elizabeth Schrammeijer, John Helming, Andrzej Tabeau, Catharina Schulp, Emma van der Zanden, Carlo Lavalle, Filipe Batista e Silva, Ariane Walz, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky 2017. “A Cross-Scale Impact Assessment of European Nature Protection Policies under Contrasting Future Socio-Economic Pathways.” Regional Environmental Change, May, 1–12. doi:10.1007/s10113-017-1167-8.


  • Grosjean, Godefroy, Sabine Fuss, Nicolas Koch, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Stéphane De Cara, and William Acworth. “Options to Overcome the Barriers to Pricing European Agricultural Emissions.” Climate Policy 0 (0): 1–19. doi:10.1080/14693062.2016.1258630. pdf
  • Stevanović, Miodrag, Alexander Popp, Hermann Lotze-Campen, Jan Philipp Dietrich, Christoph Müller, Markus Bonsch, Christoph Schmitz, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Florian Humpenöder, and Isabelle Weindl. 2016. ‘The Impact of High-End Climate Change on Agricultural Welfare’. Science Advances 2 (8): e1501452. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.1501452.
  • Kreidenweis, Ulrich, Florian Humpenöder, Miodrag Stevanović, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Elmar Kriegler, Hermann Lotze-Campen, and Alexander Popp. 2016. “Afforestation to Mitigate Climate Change: Impacts on Food Prices under Consideration of Albedo Effects.” Environmental Research Letters 11 (8): 85001. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/8/085001.
  • Wang, Xiaoxi, Anne Biewald, Jan Philipp Dietrich, Christoph Schmitz, Hermann Lotze-Campen, Florian Humpenöder, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, and Alexander Popp. 2016. “Taking Account of Governance: Implications for Land-Use Dynamics, Food Prices, and Trade Patterns.” Ecological Economics 122 (February): 12–24. doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2015.11.018.


  • Bodirsky, Benjamin Leon, and Alexander Popp. 2015. “Sustainability: Australia at the Crossroads.” Nature 527 (7576): 40–41. doi:10.1038/527040a PDF.
  • Bodirsky, Benjamin Leon, Susanne Rolinski, Anne Biewald, Isabelle Weindl, Alexander Popp, and Hermann Lotze-Campen. “Global food demand scenarios for the 21st century.” PLoS ONE 10 (11): e0139201. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0139201. Open Access pdf. Open-Source Model Website. Shared first authorship with Susanne Rolinski.
  • Bonsch, Markus, Alexander Popp, Anne Biewald, Susanne Rolinski, Christoph Schmitz, Isabelle Weindl, Miodrag Stevanovic, Högner Kathrin, Heinke Jens, Ostberg Sebastian, Dietrich Jan Phillip, Bodirsky Benjamin Leon, Lotze-Cempen Hermann, Humpenöder Florian 2015. “Environmental Flow Provision: Implications for Agricultural Water and Land-Use at the Global Scale.” Global Environmental Change 30 (January): 113–32. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2014.10.015.
  • Wiebe, Keith; Hermann Lotze-Campen, Ronald Sands, Andrzej Tabeau, Dominique van der Mensbrugghe, Anne Biewald, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Shahnila Islam, Aikaterini Kavallari, Daniel Mason-D'Croz, Christoph Mueller, Alexander Popp, Richard Robertson, Sherman Robinson, Hans van Meijl, Dirk Willenbockel. Climate change impacts on agriculture in 2050 under a range of plausible socioeconomic and emissions scenarios. Environmental research letters 10(8), doi:10.1088/1748-9326/10/8/085010(Open Access).
  • Humpenöder Florian, Alexander Popp, Miodrag Stevanovic Miodrag, Christoph Müller Christoph, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Markus Bonsch, Jan Philipp Dietrich, Hermann Lotze-Campen, Isabelle Weindl, Anne Biewald and Susanne Rolinski. Land-Use and Carbon Cycle Responses to Moderate Climate Change: Implications for Land-Based Mitigation? Environ. Sci. Technol 49(11). Online: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es506201r


  • Bodirsky, Benjamin Leon and Christoph Müller. “Robust Relationship between Yields and Nitrogen Inputs Indicates Three Ways to Reduce Nitrogen Pollution.” Environmental Research Letters 9 (11): 111005. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/9/11/111005. (PDF)
  • Popp, Alexander, Florian Humpenöder, Isabelle Weindl, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Markus Bonsch, Hermann Lotze-Campen, Christoph Müller, et al. “Land-Use Protection for Climate Change Mitigation.” Nature Climate Change 4 1095–1098. doi:10.1038/nclimate2444.
  • Bonsch, Markus, Florian Humpenöder, Alexander Popp, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Jan Philipp Dietrich, Susanne Rolinski, Anne Biewald, Hermann Lotze-Campen, Isabelle Weindl, Dieter Gerten, Miodrag Stevanovic. "Trade-offs between land and water requirements for large-scale bioenergy production." GCB Bioenergy doi:10.1111/gcbb.12226.
  • Klein, David, Florian Humpenöder, Nico Bauer, Jan Philipp Dietrich, Alexander Popp, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Markus Bonsch, and Hermann Lotze-Campen. “The Global Economic Long-Term Potential of Modern Biomass in a Climate-Constrained World.” Environmental Research Letters 9 (7): 074017. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/9/7/074017.
  • Humpenöder, Florian, Alexander Popp, Jan Philip Dietrich, David Klein, Hermann Lotze-Campen, Markus Bonsch, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Isabelle Weindl, Miodrag Stevanovic, and Christoph Müller. Investigating Afforestation and Bioenergy CCS as Climate Change Mitigation Strategies. Environmental Research Letters 9 (6): 064029. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/9/6/064029. PDF
  • Bodirsky, Benjamin Leon, Alexander Popp, Hermann Lotze-Campen, Jan Phillip Dietrich, Susanne Rolinski, Isabelle Weindl, Christoph Schmitz, Christoph Müller, Markus Bonsch, Florian Humpenöder, and Miodrag Stevanovic. Reactive nitrogen requirements to feed the world in 2050 and potential to mitigate nitrogen pollution. Nature Communications 5, (2014). (DOI: 10.1038/ncomms4858)(pdf).
  • Huber, Veronika, Ina Neher, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Kathrin Höfner, and Joachim Schellnhuber. Will the World Run out of Land? A Kaya-Type Decomposition to Study Past Trends of Cropland Expansion, Environmental Research Letters 9(2) (pdf).


  • Valin, H., Sands, R. D., van der Mensbrugghe, D., Nelson, G. C., Ahammad, H., Blanc, E., Bodirsky, B., Fujimori, S., Hasegawa, T., Havlik, P., Heyhoe, E., Kyle, P., Manson-D'Croz, D., Paltsev, S., Rolinski, S., Tabeau, A., van Meijl, H., von Lampe, M., Willenbockel, D. . The Future of Food Demand: Understanding Differences in Global Economic Models, Agricultural Economics 45: 51–67. (PDF)
  • Schmitz, C., Lotze-Campen, H., Gerten, D., Dietrich, J.P., Bodirsky, B., Biewald, A. and Popp, A.. Blue water scarcity and the economic impacts of future agricultural trade and demand, Water Resources Research 49 (6): 3601–17. doi:10.1002/wrcr.20188.


  • Bodirsky, Benjamin Leon, Alexander Popp, Isabelle Weindl, Jan Phillip Dietrich, Susanne Rolinski, Lena Scheiffele, Christoph Schmitz, and Hermann Lotze-Campen. N2O emissions of the global agricultural nitrogen cycle - current state and future scenarios. Biogeosciences 9 (10) (October 31): 4169–4197. doi:10.5194/bg-9-4169-2012 (under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License).
  • Christoph Schmitz, Anne Biewald, Hermann Lotze-Campen, Alexander Popp, Jan Philipp Dietrich, Benjamin Bodirsky, Michael Krause, Isabelle Weindl. Trading more food: Implications for land use, greenhouse gas emissions, and the food system. Global environmental change, 22(1): 189-209. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2011.09.013.


  • Popp A., H. Lotze-Campen, M. Leimbach, B. Knopf, T. Beringer, N. Bauer, B. Bodirsky On sustainability of bioenergy production: integrating co-emissions from agricultural intensification. Biomass & Bioenergy, 35: 4770-4780. doi:10.1016/j.biombioe.2010.06.014.


  • Popp, A., H. Lotze-Campen, and B. Bodirsky. Food consumption, diet shifts and associated non-CO2 greenhouse gases from agricultural production. Global Environmental Change 20 (3) (August): 451–462. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2010.02.001.

Other publications (non peer-reviewed)


  • Fesenfeld, Lukas, Lisa M. Pörtner, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Marco Springmann, Peter von Philipsborn, Franziska Gaupp, Daniel Müller, Josef Settele, Sabine Gabrysch, Florian Freund, Linus Mattauch, Felix Creutzig, Hermann Lotze-Campen "Policy Brief: Für Ernährungssicherheit und eine lebenswerte Zukunft - Pflanzenbasierte Ernährungsweisen fördern, Produktion und Verbrauch tierischer Lebensmittel reduzieren", Zenodo , September 2022
  • Chen, David Meng-Chuen, and Benjamin Leon Bodirsky. 2022. ‘Degrowth Scenarios for the Food System to Reduce GHG Emissions’. Nature Food, May, 1–2. https://doi.org/10.1038/s43016-022-00514-x.
  • Fesenfeld, Lukas, Alexander Schrode, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Dominic Lemken, Marco Springmann, Linus Mattauch, Lisa M. Pörtner, et al. 2022. ‘Offener Brief – Handlungsmöglichkeiten Für Die Transformation Des Ernährungssystems Angesichts Des Russischen Angriffs Auf Die Ukraine’. Zenodo. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6399478.
  • Pörtner, Lisa M., Nathalie Lambrecht, Marco Springmann, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Franziska Gaupp, Florian Freund, Hermann Lotze-Campen, and Sabine Gabrysch. 2022. ‘We Need a Food System Transformation—In the Face of the Russia-Ukraine War, Now More than Ever’. One Earth, May. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oneear.2022.04.004.
  • Winiwarter, Wilfried, Barbara Amon, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Henning Friege, Markus Geupel, Luis Lassaletta, and Nandula Raghuram. 2022. ‘Focus on Reactive Nitrogen and the UN Sustainable Development Goals’. Environmental Research Letters 17 (5): 050401. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/ac6226.
  • Pörtner, Lisa M.; Lambrecht, Nathalie; Springmann, Marco; Bodirsky, Benjamin Leon; Gaupp, Franziska; Freund, Florian; Lotze-Campen, Hermann; Gabrysch, Sabine “We need a food system transformation – in the face of the Ukraine war, now more than ever”. Policy statement on 29th March 2022, https://zenodo.org/record/6389348
  • Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Franziska Gaupp, and Hermann Lotze-Campen. 2022. ‘The Importance of Analyzing Interdependencies to Build a Healthy, Nature-Positive, and Inclusive Food System’. FSEC Working Paper. Food System Economics Commission.


  • Valin, Hugo, Thomas Hertel, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Tomoko Hasegawa, and Elke Stehfest. ‘A Review of Quantitative Assessments of Synergies and Tradeoffs amongst the UN Sustainable Development Goals’. Scientific group report for the UN food summit.
  • Debbora Leip, Michael S. Crawford, Claudia Hunecke, Quitterie Collignon, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Franziska Gaupp, Hermann Lotze-Campen (2021) "The Importance of Analyzing Interdependencies to Build a Healthy, Nature-Positive, and Inclusive Food System", FSEC Working Paper.


  • Karstens, Kristine, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Jan Philipp Dietrich, Marta Dondini, Jens Heinke, Matthias Kuhnert, Christoph Müller, et al. 2020. ‘Management Induced Changes of Soil Organic Carbon on Global Croplands’. Biogeosciences Discussions, December, 1–30. https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-2020-468.
  • Hurtt, George C., Louise Chini, Ritvik Sahajpal, Steve Frolking, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Katherine Calvin, Jonathan C. Doelman, et al. ‘Harmonization of Global Land-Use Change and Management for the Period 850–2100 (LUH2) for CMIP6’. Geoscientific Model Development Discussions, April, 1–65. doi: https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-2019-360.
  • De Vries W., Wilfried W., Bouwman L., Beusen A., Bodirsky B., Leclère D., Chang J., Leip A., Muntean M., Van Dingenen R., Kanter D., Van Grinsven H., Schipper A., Janse J., Vieno M., Bealey B., Lesschen J.P., Kroeze C., Strokal M., Holt J., Wakelin S., Tian H., Boyer E., 2020. Global-scale modelling of flows and impacts of nitrogen use: Modelling approaches, Linkages and Scenarios. INMS Report 2020/1. Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Edinburgh on behalf of the International Nitrogen Management System (INMS). https://www.inms.international/inms-report-2020-1.


  • FAO. 2018. Future of food and agriculture 2018: Alternative Pathways to 2050. This is no co-authorship, but the FAO projections were made using our regression model from 2015.
  • Dietrich, Jan Philipp, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Florian Humpenöder, Isabelle Weindl, Miodrag Stevanović, Kristine Karstens, Ulrich Kreidenweis, et al. 2018. “MAgPIE 4 - A Modular Open Source Framework for Modeling Global Land-Systems.” Geoscientific Model Development Discussions, December, 1–26. https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-2018-295.
  • Dietrich, Jan Philip, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Isabelle Weindl, Florian Humpenöder, Miodrag Stevanovic, Ulrich Kreidenweis, Xiaoxi Wang, et al. 2018. MAgPIE - An Open Source Land-Use Modeling Framework (version 4.0). Potsdam, Germany: Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1418752 https://github.com/magpiemodel.
  • Hasegawa, T.; Fujimori, S.; Havlik, P.; Valin, H.; Bodirsky, B.; Doelman, J.; Fellmann, T.; Kyle, P.; Koopman, J. F. L.; Lotze-Campen, H.; Mason-D'Croz, D.; Ochi, Y.; Perez Dominguez, I.; Stehfest, E.; Sulser, T.; Tabeau, A.; Takahashi, K.; Takakura, J.; Meijl, H. van; Zeist, W.-J. van; Wiebe, K.; Witzke, P. AgMIP - Food insecurity and global climate change mitigation policy. Joint Research Centre (JRC) : European Commission. http://data.europa.eu/89h/b6722b2e-483b-4f2e-ab45-4eb518939134


  • Meijl, Hans van, Petr Havlik, Hermann Lotze-Campen, Elke Stehfest, Peter Witzke, Ignacio Perez Dominguez, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, et al. 2017. “Challenges of Global Agriculture in a Climate Change Context by 2050 - AgCLIM50.” JRC Science for Policy Report. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.


  • FAO, ed. 2016. Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security. The State of Food and Agriculture 2016. Rome: FAO. Contributing Author. pdf
  • Jans, Yvonne, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Dieter Gerten, Florian Humpenöder, Sibyll Schaphoff, Miodrag Stevanovic, and Christoph Thies. 2016. “Envisioning a Sustainable and Equitable Land Use Future.” Background report for Greenpeace. Potsdam: PIK.
  • Anne Biewald, Hermann Lotze-Campen, Ilona Otto, Nils Brinckmann, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Isabelle Weindl, Alexander Popp, Hans Joachim Schellnhuber. “The impact of climate change on costs of food and people exposed to hunger at subnational scale“ Background paper for the Worldbank report “Shock Waves : Managing the Impacts of Climate Change on Poverty” by Hallegatte et al (2016). PDF


  • Rolinski, Susanne and Benjamin Leon Bodirsky. 2015. “A New Approach for Estimating Food Calorie Demand.” Project report for the FAO.


  • Bodirsky, Benjamin Leon, Agricultural nitrogen pollution: the human food-print. PhD thesis/Dissertation at TU Berlin Full Version


  • Bodirsky, Benjamin Leon, Susanne Rolinski, and Alexander Popp. Der Weltweite Konsum Tierischer Produkte Und Die Folgen Für Die Umwelt. Umweltjournal Rheinland-Pfalz 56. pdf.


  • Bodirsky, Benjamin Leon, Alexander Popp, Isabelle Weindl, Jan Phillip Dietrich, Susanne Rolinski, Lena Scheiffele, Christoph Schmitz, and Hermann Lotze-Campen. Current state and future scenarios of the global agricultural nitrogen cycle. Biogeosciences Discuss., 9(3): 2755-2821. doi: 10.5194/bgd-9-2755-2012


  • David Klein, Nico Bauer, Benjamin Bodirsky, Jan Philipp Dietrich, Alexander Popp Bio-IGCC with CCS as a long-term mitigation option in a coupled energy-system and land-use model Energy Procedia 4, pp. 2933 – 2940, presented at the 10th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies.


  • Weindl, I., H. Lotze-Campen, A.Popp, B. Bodirsky, S. Rolinski. Impacts of livestock feeding technologies on greenhouse gas emissions. Contributed paper at the IATRC Public Trade Policy Research and Analysis Symposium 'Climate Change in World Agriculture: Mitigation, Adaptation, Trade and Food Security', Universität Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany, June 27-29


  • Bodirsky, B., R. Crassous-Doerfler, H. van Essen, J.-C. Hourcade, B. Kampman, H. Lotze-Campen, A. Markowska, S. Monjon, K. Neuhoff, S. Noleppa, A. Popp, P. del Río González, S. Spielmans, J. Strohschein, H. Waisman: How can each sector contribute to 2C? RECIPE Background Paper.
  • Bodirsky, B. Was ist Militär? Ansätze, Probleme, Perspektiven der Forschung. pdf.
  • Bodirsky, B., The Impact of Industrial Nitrogen Fertilizer Taxation on Agicultural N2O Emissions, Agricultural Production and Food Prices. Diploma (M.Sc.) Thesis. pdf.

Reviews for

  • Nature
  • Scientific Reports
  • Environmental Science and Technology
  • Global Environmental Change
  • Global Food Security
  • Environmental Research Letters
  • Ecological Economics
  • Economics E-Journal

Current Research Projects

  • FSEC
  • GreenPlantFood
  • INMS

Projects since 2019

  • SUSTAg


July 2021

September 2019

  • Summer school „Modeling food security” at the Centre for Environmental Research (UfZ) Leipzig, together with Birgit Müller, Christoph Müller, Gunnar Dreßler and Mark van Wijk


  • Weltmärkte der Agrar- und Ernährungswirtschaft (World markets of agriculture and food industry) at HU Berlin, together with Hermann Lotze-Campen (2SWS/2SWS)


  • Weltmärkte der Agrar- und Ernährungswirtschaft (World markets of agriculture and food industry) at HU Berlin, together with Hermann Lotze-Campen (2SWS/2SWS)

    Final poster presentation of one of the 5 modelling projects developed as exercise within the course 'World markets of agriculture and food industry'. Courtesy by Marcel Glomb, Leonard Melzig, Leopold Tafel.

    Final poster presentation of one of the 5 modelling projects developed as exercise within the course 'World markets of agriculture and food industry'. Courtesy by Salome Schafroth, Sheila v. Kaweczynski, Hans v. Hertzberg