Submitted Papers | Other Publications

Peer-reviewed Journal Articles


65. Pan, S., Yang, J., Tian, H., Shi, H., Chang, J., Ciais, P., François, L., Frieler, K., Fu, B., Hickler, T., Ito, A., Nishina, K., Ostberg, S., Reyer, C., Schaphoff, S., Steinkamp, J., Zhao, F. (2020) "Responses of terrestrial carbon fluxes to temperature and precipitation: carbon extreme versus climate extreme", JGR Biogeosciences,

64. Huber, V., Krummenauer, L., Peña-Ortiza, C., Lange, S., Gasparrini, A., Vicedo-Cabrera, A. M., Garcia-Herrera, G., Frieler, K. (2020) "Temperature-related excess mortality in German cities at 2 °C and higher degrees of global warming", Environmental Research, 186:109447, DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2020.109447


63. Reyer, C.P.O., Gonzalez, R. S., Dolos, K., Hartig F., Hauf, Y., Noack, M., Lasch-Born, P., Rötzer, T., Pretzsch, H., Meesenburg, H., Fleck, S., Wagner, M., Bolte, A., Sanders, T.G.M., Kolari, P., Mäkelä, A., Vesala, T., Mammarella, I., Pumpanen, J., Collalti, A., Trotta, C., Matteucci, G, D’Andrea, E., Foltýnová, L., Krejza, J., Ibrom, A., Pilegaard, K., Loustau, D., Bonnefond, J.-M., Berbigier, P., Picart, D., Lafont, S., Dietze, M., Cameron, D., Vieno, M., Tian, H., Palacios-Orueta, A., Cicuendez, V., Recuero, L., Wiese, K., Büchner, M., Lange, S., Volkholz, J., Kim, H., Horemans, J.A., Bohn, F., Steinkamp, J., Chikalanov, A:, Weedon, G.P., Sheffield, J., Vega del Valle, I., Suckow, F., Martel, S., Mahnken, M., Gutsch, M., Frieler, K. (2019) "The PROFOUND database for evaluating vegetation models and simulating climate impacts on forests", Earth System Science Data,

62. Ueckerdt, F., Frieler, K., Lange, S., Wenz, L., Luderer, G., Levermann, A. (2019) The economically optimal warming limit of the planet, Earth Syst. Dynam., 10, 741–763.

61. Vogel, E.; Donat, M.; Alexander, L.; Meinshausen, M.; Ray, D.; Karoly, D.; Meinshausen, N.; Frieler, K. (2019) The effects of climate extremes on global agricultural yields, Environmental Research Letters, (accepted)


60. Schewe, J., Gosling, S.N., Reyer, C., Zhao, F., Ciais, P., Elliott, J., Francois, L., Huber, V., Lotze, H.K., Seneviratne, S. I., van Vliet, M. T. H. , Vautard, R., Wada, Y., Breuer, L., Büchner, M., Carozza, D. A., Chang, J., Coll, M., Deryng, D., de Wit, A., Eddy, T. D., Folberth, C., Frieler, K., Friend, A. D., Gerten, D., Gudmundsson, L., Hanasaki, N., Ito, A., Khabarov, N., Kim, H., Lawrence, P., Morfopoulos, C., Müller, C., Müller Schmied, H., Orth, R., Ostberg, S., Pokhrel, Y., Pugh, T.A.M., Sakurai,, G., Satoh, Y., Schmid, E., Stacke, T., Steenbeek, J., Steinkamp, J., Tang, Q., Tian, H., Tittensor, D,, Volkholz, J., Wang, X., Warszawski, L. (2018) State-of-the-art global models underestimate impacts from climate extremes, Nature Communications, accepted

59. Rückamp, M., Falk, U., Frieler, K., Lange, S., Humbert, A. (2018) The effect of overshooting 1.5 °C global warming on the mass loss of the Greenland ice sheet, Earth Syst. Dynam., 9, 1169-1189.

58. Jägermeyr, J., Frieler, K. (2018) "Spatial variations in crop growing seasons pivotal to reproduce global fluctuations in maize and wheat yields", Science Advances, 4, 11, eaat4517

57. Dottori, F., Szewczyk, W., Ciscar, J.-C., Zhao, F., Alfieri, L., Hirabayashi, Y., Bianchi, A., Frieler, K., Betts, R.A.,Feyen, L. (2018) "Global human and economic losses from river floods under the Paris climate mitigation targets", Nature Climate Change, 8, 781–786

56. Garcia Cantu Ros, A, Frieler, K., Reyer, C., Ciais, P., Chang, J., Ito, A., Nishina, K., Francois, L., Henrot, A., Hickler, T., Steinkamp, J., Rafique, R., Zhao, F., Ostberg, S., Schaphoff, S., Tian, H., Pan, S., Yang, J., Morfopoulos, C., Betts, R. (2018) "Evaluating changes of biomass in global vegetation models: the role of turnover fluctuations and ENSO events", Environmental Research Letters, 13, 075002

55. Ostberg, S., Schewe, J., Childers, K., and Frieler, K. (2018) "Changes in crop yields and their variability at different levels of global warming", Earth System Dynamics, 9, 479-496

54. Geiger, T., Frieler, K., Breach, D. (2018) "A global historical data set of tropical cyclone exposure (TCE-DAT)", Earth System Science Data, 10, 185-194.

53. Willner, S.N., Levermann, A., Zhao F., Frieler, K., (2018) "Adaptation required to preserve future high-end flood risk at present level", Science Advances, 4, 1, eaao1914.


52. Frieler, K., Lange, S., Piontek, F., Reyer, C.P.O., Schewe, J., Warszawski, L., Zhao, F., Chini, L., Denvil, S., Emanuel, K., Geiger, T., Halladay, K., Hurtt, G., Mengel, M., Murakami, D., Ostberg, S., Popp, A., Riva, R., Stevanovic, M., Suzuki, T., Volkholz, J., Burke, E., Ciais, P., Ebi, K., Eddy, T. D., Elliott, J., Galbraith, E.,  Gosling, S. N., Hattermann, F., Hickler, T., Hinkel, J., Hof, C., Huber, V., Jägermeyr, J., Krysanova, V., Marcé, R., Müller Schmied, H., Mouratiadou, I., Pierson, D., Tittensor, D. P., Vautard, R., van Vliet, M., Biber, M. F.,  Betts, R. A., Bodirsky, B., Deryng, D., Frolking, S., Jones, C. D., Lotze, H. K., Lotze-Campen, H., Sahajpal, R., Thonicke, K., Tian, H., Yamagata, Y. (2017) "Assessing the impacts of 1.5°C global warming – simulation protocol of the Inter-Sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project (ISIMIP2b)", Geoscientific Model Development, 10, 4321-4345.

51. Otto, C., Willner, S.N., Wenz, L., Frieler, K., Levermann, A. (2017) "Modeling loss-propagation in the global supply network: The dynamic agent-based model acclimate", Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, 83, 232-269.

50. Frieler, K., Arneth, A., Balkovic, J., Chryssanthacopoulos, J., Deryng, J., Elliott, J., Folberth, C., Khabarov, N., Müller, C., Olin, S., Pugh, T. A. M., Schaphoff, S., Schewe, J., Schmid, E., Schauberger, B., Warszawski, L., Levermann, A. (2017) "Understanding the weather-signal in national crop-yield variability", Earth's Future, 5, 6, 605–616.

49. Zhao, F., Veldkamp, T., Frieler, K., Schewe, J., Ostberg, S., Willner, S., Schauberger, B., Gosling, S., Müller Schmied, H., Portmann, F., Leng, G., Huang, M., Liu, X., Tang, Q., Hanasaki, N., Biemans, H., Gerten, D., Satoh, Y., Pokhrel, Y., Stacke, T., Ciais, P., Ducharne, A., Guimberteau, M., Wada, Y., Kim, H., Yamazaki, D. (2017) "The critical role of the routing scheme in simulating peak river discharge in global hydrological models", Environmental Research Letters, 12, 075003

48. Schewe, J., Otto, C., Frieler, K. (2017) "The role of storage dynamics in annual wheat prices", Environmental Research Letters, 12, 054005

47. Huber, V., Ibarreta, D.; Frieler, K. (2017) "Cold and Heat Related Mortality: A Cautionary Note on Current Damage Functions with Net Benefits from Climate Change", Climatic Change, 142, 3-4, 407–418. 

46. Chang J., Ciais, P., Wang, X., Piao, S., Asrar, G., Betts, R., Chevallier, F., Dury, M., François, L., Frieler, K., García Cantú Ros, A., Henrot, A.-J., Hickler, T., Ito, A., Morfopoulos, C., Munhoven, G., Nishina, K., Ostberg, S., Pan, S., Peng, S., Rafique, R., Reyer, C., Rödenbeck, C., Schaphoff, S., Steinkamp, J., Tian, H., Viovy, N., Yang, J., Zeng, N., Zhao, F. (2017) "Benchmarking carbon fluxes of the ISIMIP2a biome models", Environmental Research Letters,  12.4,  045002.


45. Rosenzweig, C., Arnell, N. W., Ebi, K. L., Lotze-Campen, H., Raes, F., Rapley, C., Stafford Smith, M., Cramer, W., Frieler, K., Reyer, C. P. O., Schewe, J., van Vuuren, D., Warszawski, L., (2016) "Assessing inter-sectoral climate change risks: the role of ISIMIP", Environmental Research Letters, 12.1, 010301.

44. Schauberger, B., Archontoulis, S., Arneth, A., Balkovic, J., Ciais, P., Deryng, D., Elliott, J., Folberth, C., Khabarov, N., Müller, C., Pugh, T., Rolinski, S., Schaphoff, S., Schmid, E., Wang, X., Schlenker, W., Frieler, K. (2016) "Consistent negative response of US crops to high temperatures in observations and crop models", Nature Communications, 8, 13931.

43. Ruane, A. C., Teichmann, C., Arnell, N., Carter, T, Ebi, K., Frieler, K., Goodess, C., Hewitson, B., Horton, Kovats, S., Lotze, H. K., Mearns, L., Navarra, A., Ojima, D., Riahi, K., Rosenzweig, C., Themessl, M., Vincent, K., Meehl, G. (2016) "The Vulnerability, Impacts, Adaptation and Climate Services Advisory Board (VIACS AB v1.0) contribution to CMIP6", Geoscientific Model Development, 9, 9, 3493-3515. 

42. Geiger, T., Frieler, K., Levermann, A. (2016) "High-income does not protect against hurricane losses", Environmental Research Letters, 11, 8, 084012.

41. Schleussner, C. F., Rogelj, J., Schaeffer, M., Lissner, T., Licker, L., Fischer, E., Knutti, R., Levermann, A., Frieler, K., Hare, B. (2016) "Science and policy characteristics of the Paris Agreement temperature goal", Nature Climate Change, 6, 9, 827-835.

40. Schleussner, C.F., Lissner, T.K., Fischer, E.,  Wohland, J., Perrette, P., Golly, A., Rogelj, J., Childers, K., Schewe, J., Frieler, K., Mengel, M., Hare, W., Schaeffer, M. (2016) "Differential climate impacts for policy-relevant limits to global warming: The case of 1.5°C and 2°C", Earth System Dynamics, 7, 327–351.

39. Frieler, K., Mengel, M., Levermann, A. (2016) "Delaying future sea-level rise by storing water on Antarctica", Earth System Dynamics, 7, 203–210.

38. Mengel, M., Levermann, A., Frieler, K., Robinson, A., Marzeion, B., Winkelmann R. (2016) "Future sea-level rise constrained by observations and long-term commitment", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113, 10, 2597 – 2602.


37. Lehmann, J., Coumou, D., Frieler, K. (2015) "Increased record-breaking precipitation events under global warming", Climatic Change, 132, 4, 501-515.

36. Frieler, K., Levermann, A., Elliott, J., Heinke, J., Arneth, A., Bierkens, M.F.P., Ciais, P., Clark, D.B., Deryng, D., Döll, P., Falloon, P., Fekete, B., Folberth, C., Friend, A.D., Gellhorn, C., Gosling, S.N., Haddeland, I., Khabarov, N., Lomas, M., Masaki, Y., Nishina, K., Neumann, K., Oki, T., Pavlick, R., Ruane, A.C., Schmid, E., Schmitz, C., Stacke, T., Stehfest, E., Tang, Q., Wisser, D., Huber, V., Piontek, F., Warszawski, L., Schewe, J., Lotze-Campen, H., Schellnhuber, H.J. (2015) "A framework for the cross-sectoral integration of multi-model impact projections: Land use decisions under climate impacts uncertainties", Earth System Dynamics, 6, 447-460.

35. Frieler, K., Clark, P. U., He, F., Buizert, C., Reese, R, Ligtenberg, S. R. M., van den Broeke, M. R., Winkelmann, R., Levermann, A. (2015) "Consistent Evidence of Increasing Antarctic Accumulation with Warming", Nature Climate Change, 5, 348–352


34. Huber, V., Schellnhuber, H. J., Arnell, N. W., Frieler, K., Friend, A. D., Gerten, D., Haddeland, I., Kabat, P., Lotze-Campen, H., Lucht, W., Parry, M., Piontek, F., Rosenzweig, C., Schewe, J., and Warszawski, L. (2014) "Climate Impacts Research: Beyond Patchwork", Earth System Dynamics, 5, 2, 399.

33. Lehmann, J., Coumou, D., Frieler, K., Eliseev, A. V., Levermann, A. (2014) "Future changes in extratropical storm tracks and baroclinicity under climate change", Environmental Research Letters, 9, 8, 084002.

32. Levermann, A., Winkelmann, R., Nowicki, S., Fastook, J., Frieler, K., Greve, R., Hellmer, H.H., Martin, M.A., Mengel, M., Payne, A.J., Pollard, D., Sato, T., Timmermann, R., Wang, W.L., Bindschadler, R.A. (2014) "Projecting Antarctic ice discharge using response functions from SeaRISE ice-sheet models", Earth System Dynamics, 5, 2, 271.

31. Schellnhuber, H. J., Frieler, K., Kabat, P. "The elephant, the blind, and the intersectoral intercomparison of climate impacts", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111, 9, 3225-3227.

30. Elliott, J., Deryng, D., Müller, C., Frieler, K., Konzmann, M., Gerten, D., Glotter, M., Flörke, M., Wada, Y., Best, N. , Eisnerk, S., Fekete, B. M., Folberth, C, Foster, I., Gosling, S. N., Haddeland, I., Khabarov, N., Ludwig, F., Masaki, Y., Olin, S., Rosenzweig, C., Ruane, A. C., Satoh, Y., Schmid, E., Stacke, T. , Tang, Q., Wisser, D. (2014) "Constraints and potentials of future irrigation water availability on agricultural production under climate change", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111, 9, 3239-3244.

29. Warszawski, L., Frieler, K., Huber, V., Piontek, F., Serdeczny, O., Schewe, (2014) "The Inter-Sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project (ISI-MIP)", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111, 9, 3228-3232.

28. Schewe, J., Heinke, J., Gerten, D., Haddeland, I., Arnell, N.W., Clark, D.B., Dankers, R., Eisner, S., Fekete, B., Colón-González, F.J., Gosling, S.,N., Kim, H., Liu, X., Masaki, Y, Portmann, F.T., Satoh, Y., Stacke, T., Tang, Q., Wada, Y., Wisser, D., Albrecht, T., Frieler, K., Piontek, F., Warszawski, L., Kabat, P. (2014) "Multi-model assessment of water scarcity under climate change", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111, 9, 3245-3250.

27. Piontek, F., Müller, C., Pugh, T.A.M., Clark, D., Deryng, D., Elliott, J., Colón-González, F.J., Flörke, M., Folberth, C., Franssen, W., Frieler, K., Friend, A.D., Gosling, S.N., Hemming, D., Khabarov, N., Kim, H., Lomas, M., Masaki, Y., Mengel, M., Morse, A., Neumann, K., Nishina, K., Ostberg, S., Pavlick, R., Ruane, A. C., Schewe, J., Schmid, E., Stacke, T., Tang, Q., Tessler, Z., Tompkins, A. M., Warszawski, L., Wisser, D., Schellnhuber, H.J. (2013) "Multi-sectoral climate impact hotspots in a warming world", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111, 9, 3233-3238.


26. Warszawski, L., Friend, A., Ostberg, S., Frieler, K., Lucht, W., Schaphoff, S., Beerling, D., Cadule, P., Ciais, P., Clark, D. B., Kahana, R., Ito, A., Keribin, R., Kleidon, A., Lomas, M., Nishina, K., Pavlick, R., Rademacher, T. T., Buechner, M., Piontek, F., Schewe, J., Serdeczny, O., Schellnhuber, H. J. (2013) "A multi-model analysis of risk of ecosystem shifts under climate change", Environmental Research Letters, 8, 4, 044018.

25. Menon, A., Levermann, A., Schewe, J., Lehmann, J., Frieler, K. (2013) "Consistent increase in Indian monsoon rainfall and its variability across CMIP-5 models", Earth System Dynamics, 4, 287-300.

24. Heinke, J., Ostberg, S., Schaphoff, S., Frieler, K., Müller, C., Gerten, D., Meinshausen, M., Lucht, W. (2013) "A new dataset for systematic assessments of climate change impacts as a function of global warming", Geoscientific Model Development, 6, 5, 1689-1703.

23. Hempel, S., Frieler, K., Warszawski, L., Schewe, J., Piontek, F., (2013) "A trend-preserving bias correction - the ISI-MIP approach", Earth System Dynamics, 4, 2, 219-236.

22. Perrette, M., Riva, R., Landerer, F. W., Frieler, K., Meinshausen, M. (2013) “A scaling approach to project regional sea level rise and its uncertainties”, Earth System Dynamics, 4, 1, 11-29.

21. Frieler, K., Meinshausen, M., Golly A., Mengel, M., Lebek, K., Donner, S., Hoegh-Guldberg, O. (2012) “Limiting global warming to 2°C is unlikely to save most coral reefs”, Nature Climate Change, 3, 165–170.


20. Winkelmann, R., Levermann, A., Martin, M. A., Frieler, K. (2012) "Increased future ice discharge from Antarctica owing to higher snowfall", Nature, 492, 7428, 239.

19. Schneider von Deimling, T., Meinshausen, M., Levermann, A., Huber, V., Frieler, K., Lawrence, D. M., Brovkin V. (2012) “Estimating the permafrost-carbon feedback on global warming”, Biogeosciences, 9, 2, 649.

18. Frieler, K., Meinshausen, M., Mengel, M., Braun, N., Hare, W. (2012) "A scaling approach to probabilistic assessment of regional climate change", Journal of Climate, 25, 9, 3117-3144.


17. Schleussner, C.-F., Frieler, K., Meinshausen, M., Yin, J., Levermann, A. (2011) "Emulating Atlantic overturning strength for low emission scenarios: consequences for sea-level rise along the North American east coast", Earth System Dynamics, 2, 2, 191-200.

16. Frieler, K., Meinshausen, M., Schneider von Deimling, T., Andrews, T., Forster, P. (2011) "Changes in global‐mean precipitation in response to warming, greenhouse gas forcing and black carbon", Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L04702.

15. Kremser, S., Schofield, R., Bodeker, G. E., Connor, B. J., Rex, M., Barret, J., Mooney, T., Salawitch, R. J., Canty, T., Frieler, K., Chipperfield, M. P., Langematz, U., Feng, W. (2011) "Retrievals of chlorine chemistry kinetic parameters from Antarctic ClO microwave radiometer measurements", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11, 11, 5183-5193.


14. Hoffmann, H., Frieler, K., Schlattmann, P., Hamm, B., Dewey, M. (2010) "Influence of statin treatment on coronary atherosclerosis visualised using multidetector computed tomography", European Radiology, 20, 12, 2824-2833.


13. Meinshausen, M., Meinshausen, N., Hare, W., Raper, S.C.B., Frieler, K. , Knutti, R., Frame, D. J., Allen, M. R. (2009) "Greenhouse-gas emission targets for limiting global warming to 2 °C", Nature, 458, 7242, 1158-1162.

12. Kawa, S. R., Stolarski, R. S., Newman, P.A., Douglass, A.R., Rex, M., Hofman, D.J., Santee, M.L., Frieler, K. (2009) "Sensitivity of polar stratospheric ozone loss to uncertainties in chemical reaction kinetics", Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 8651–8660.

11. Schlenk, F., Frieler, K., Nagel, A., Vajkoczy, P., Sarrafzadeh, A. S. (2009) "Cerebral microdialysis for detection of bacterial meningitis in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage patients: a cohort study", Critical Care, 13, 1.

10. Salbach-Andrae, H., Klinkowski, N., Holzhausen, M., Frieler, K., Bohnekamp, I., Thiels, C., Bender, C., Vandereycken, W. (2009) "The German version of the Anorectic Behavior Observation Scale (ABOS)", European Child Adolescent Psychiatry, 18, 5, 321.

9. Schneider, N., Frieler, K., Pfeiffer, E., Lehmkuhl, U., Salbach-Andrae, H. (2009) "Comparison of body size estimation in adolescents with different types of eating disorders" European Eating Disorders Review, 17, 6, 468-475.

8. Nagel, A., Graetz, D., Schink, T., Frieler, K., Sakowitz, O., Vajkoczy, P., & Sarrafzadeh, A. (2009) "Relevance of intracranial hypertension for cerebral metabolism in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage." Journal of Neurosurgery, 111, 1, 94-101.


7. Schneider, N., Frieler, K., Ehrlich, S., Pfeiffer, E., Lehmkuhl, U., Salbach-Andrae, H. (2008) "Persönlichkeitsstile und dimensionale Diagnostik bei Jugendlichen Patientinnen mit Anorexia und Bulimia nervosa", Zeitschrift für Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie, 37, 4, 236-244.

6. Hoffmann, H., Frieler, K., Hamm, B., Dewey, M. (2008) "Intra- and interobserver variability in detection and assessment of calcified and noncalcified coronary artery plaques using 64-slice computed tomography", The International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging, 24, 7, 735-742.

5. Gossler, A., Schultheiss, M., Martus, P., Frieler, K., Thuerauf, N. (2008) “Assessing Olfactory Hedonic Estimates: How Complex Does the Study Design Have To Be?”, Chemical Senses, 33, 8, 141-S141.

4. Goektas, O., Fleiner, F., Frieler, K., Scherer, H., & Paschen, C. (2008) “The scent-diffusing ventilator for rehabilitation of olfactory function after laryngectomy”, American Journal of Rhinology, 22, 5, 487-490.

3. Caffier, P. P., Frieler, K., Scherer, H., Sedlmaier, B., & Göktas, Ö. (2008) ”Rhinitis medicamentosa: therapeutic effect of diode laser inferior turbinate reduction on nasal obstruction and decongestant abuse”, American Journal of Rhinology, 22, 4, 433-439.

2. Schofield, R., Frieler, K., Wohltmann, I., Rex, M., von Hobe, M., Stroh, F., Koch, G., Peter, T., Canty, T., Salawitch, R.J., Volk, C.M. (2008). "Polar stratospheric chlorine kinetics from a self-match flight during SOLVE II / EUPLEX", Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L10807.



1. Frieler, K., Rex, M., Salawitch, R. J., Canty, T., Streibel, M., Stimpfle, R., Pfeilsticker, K., Dorf, M., Weisenstein, D. K., Godin-Beekmann, S. (2006). "Toward a better quantitative understanding of polar stratospheric ozone loss", Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L10812.