Professor Dr Dieter Gerten

Working Group Leader

Further affiliations and functions: Professor for Global Change Climatology and Hydrology, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Geography Dept., and member of IRI THESys.
Co-speaker of the Leibniz Association's network "Integrated Earth System Research"

Research interests: Global water resources. Agricultural water scarcity. Ecosystems under climate change (global and local, terrestrial and limnic). Human impact on water and biosphere. Religion and water. Planetary boundaries.

ResearcherID B-2975-2013. Current h-index (Web of Science): 68. Highly Cited Researcher (top 1%) 2018/19/21/22.

[Profile photo credit: Iona Dutz]


Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK)
T +49 (0)331 288 2577
P.O. Box 60 12 03
14412 Potsdam


Global water resources. Agricultural water scarcity. Ecosystems under climate change (global and local, terrestrial and limnic). Human impact on water and biosphere. Religion and water. Planetary boundaries.

Latest book (monograph) on global water issues (in German; 2nd ed.)

Latest big study on feeding the world within planetary boundaries. Also see our new related commentary.

Peer-reviewed journal articles


Porkka, M., Virkki, V., Wang-Erlandsson, L., Gerten, D. et al. 2024: Notable shifts beyond pre-industrial streamflow and soil moisture conditions transgress the planetary boundary for freshwater change. Nature Water  2, 262–273.

Tobian, A., Gerten, D., Fetzer, I. et al. 2024: Climate change critically affects the status of the land-system change planetary boundary. Environ. Res. Lett. 19, 054060.

Stenzel, F., Braun, J., Breier, J., Erb, K.-H., Gerten, D. et al. 2024: biospheremetrics v1.0.2: an R package to calculate two complementary terrestrial biosphere integrity indicators – human colonization of the biosphere (BioCol) and risk of ecosystem destabilization (EcoRisk). Geosci. Model Dev. 17, 3235–3258.

Rockström, J., Wang-Erlandsson, L., Folke, C., Gerten, D., Gordon, L.J., Keys, P. 2024: Malin Falkenmark: water pioneer who coined the notion of water crowding and coloured the water cycle. Ambio 53, 657–663.

Nyasulu, M.K., Fetzer, I., Wang-Erlandsson, L., ..., Gerten, D. et al. 2024: African rainforest moisture contribution to continental agricultural water consumption. Agric. For. Meteorol. 346, 109867.


Richardson, K., Steffen, W., Lucht, W., ..., Gerten, D. et al. 2023: Earth beyond six of nine planetary boundaries. Science Adv. 9, eadh2458.

Rockström, R., Mazzucato, M., Andersen, L.S., Fahrländer, S., Gerten, D. 2023: Why we need a new economics of water as a common good. Nature 615, 794–797.


Chrysafi, A., Virkki, V., Jalava, M., ..., Gerten, D. et al. 2022: Quantifying Earth system interactions for sustainable food production via expert elicitation. Nature Sust. 5, 830–842.

Wang-Erlandsson, L., Tobian, A., van der Ent, R., ..., Gerten, D. et al. 2022: A planetary boundary for green water. Nature Rev. Earth Environ. 3, 380–392.

Satoh, Y., Yoshimura, K., Pokhrel, Y., ..., Gerten, D. et al. 2022: The timing of unprecedented hydrological drought under climate change. Nature Commun. 13, 3287.

Werner, C., Lucht, W., Gerten, D. et al. 2022: Potential of land-neutral negative emissions through biochar sequestration. Earth’s Fut. 10, e2021EF002583.

Virkki, V., Alanärä, E., Porkka, M., ..., Gerten, D. et al. 2022: Globally widespread and increasing violations of environmental flow envelopes. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 26, 3315–3336.

Pastor, A., Biemans, H., Franssen, W., Gerten, D. et al. 2022: Understanding the transgression of global and regional freshwater planetary boundaries. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A  380, 20210294.

Braun, J., Stenzel, F., Bodirsky, B.L., Jalava, M., Gerten, D. 2022: Dietary changes could compensate for potential yield reductions upon global river flow protection. Global Sustainability 5, e14, 1–13.

Mohan, C., Gleeson, T., Famiglietti, J.S., ..., Gerten, D., Jähnig, S.C. 2022: Poor correlation between large-scale environmental flow violations and freshwater biodiversity: implications for water resource management and water planetary boundary. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 26, 6247–6262.


Gerten, D., Kummu, M. 2021: Feeding the world in a narrowing safe operating space. One Earth 4, 1193–1196.

Stenzel, F., Greve, P., Lucht, W., Tramberend, S., Wada, Y., Gerten, D. 2021: Irrigation of biomass plantations may globally increase water stress more than climate change. Nature Commun. 12, 1512.

Stenzel, F., Gerten, D., Hanasaki, N. 2021: Global scenarios of irrigation water abstractions for bioenergy production: a systematic review. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 25, 1711–1726.

Pokhrel, Y., Felfelani, F., Satoh, Y., ..., Gerten, D. et al. 2021: Global terrestrial water storage and drought severity under climate change. Nature Clim. Change 11, 226–233.

Boulange, J., Hanasaki, N., Satoh, Y., ..., Gerten, D. et al. 2021: Validity of estimating flood and drought characteristics under equilibrium climates from transient simulations. Environ. Res. Lett. 16, 104028.


Gerten, D., Heck, V., Jägermeyr, J. et al. 2020: Feeding ten billion people is possible within four terrestrial planetary boundaries. Nature Sust. 3, 200–208. [view-only copy] [pre-print]

Lade, S., Steffen, W., de Vries, W., ..., Gerten, D. et al. 2020: Human impacts on planetary boundaries amplified by Earth system interactions. Nature Sust. 3, 119128. [view-only copy]

Gleeson, T., Wang-Erlandsson, L., Zipper, S.C., …, Gerten, D. et al. 2020: The water planetary boundary: evaluation and revision. One Earth 2, 223–234.

Gleeson, T., Erlandsson, L.W., Porkka, M., ..., Gerten, D. et al. 2020: Illuminating water cycle modifications and Earth System resilience in the Anthropocene. Water Resour. Res. 56, e2019WR024957.

Krysanova, V., Zaherpour, J., Didovets, I., Gosling, S., Gerten, D. et al. 2020: How evaluation of global hydrological models can help to obtain more credible projections of river discharge under climate change. Clim. Change 163, 1353–1377.

Zipper, S., Jaramillo, F., Wang-Erlandsson, L., ..., Gerten, D. et al. 2020: Integrating the water planetary boundary with water management from local to global scales. Earth’s Fut. 8, e2019EF001377.

Heinke, J., Lannerstad, M., Gerten, D. et al. 2020: Water use in global livestock production – opportunities and constraints for increasing water productivity. Water Resour. Res. 56, e2019WR026995.

Lange, S., Volkholz, J., Geiger, T., ..., Gerten, D. et al. 2020: Projecting exposure to extreme climate impact events across six event categories and three spatial scales. Earth’s Fut. 8, e2020EF001616.

Guillaume, J.H.A., Sojamo, S., Porkka, M., Gerten, D. et al. 2020: Giving legs to handprint thinking: foundations for evaluating the good we do. Earth’s Fut. 8, e2019EF001422.

Do, H.X., Zhao, F., Westra, S., ..., Gerten, D. et al. 2020: Historical and future changes in global flood magnitude – evidence from a model-observation investigation. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 24, 1543–1564.


Stenzel, F., Gerten, D., Werner, C., Jägermeyr, J. 2019: Freshwater requirements of large-scale bioenergy plantations for limiting global warming to 1.5 °C. Environ. Res. Lett. 14, 084001.

Heinke, J., Müller, C., Lannerstad, M., Gerten, D., Lucht, W. 2019: Freshwater resources under success and failure of the Paris climate agreement. Earth Syst. Dynam. 10, 205–217.

Schewe, J., Gosling, S., Reyer, C., …, Gerten, D. et al. 2019: State-of-the-art global models underestimate impacts from climate extremes. Nature Commun. 10, 1005.

Zaherpour, J., Mount, N., Gosling, S., ..., Gerten, D. et al. 2019: Exploring the value of machine learning for weighted multi-model combination of an ensemble of global hydrological models. Environ. Mod. Softw. 114, 112–128.

Warren, R.F., Edwards, N.R., Babonneau, F., ..., Gerten, D. et al. 2019: Producing policy-relevant science by enhancing robustness and model integration for the assessment of global environmental change. Env. Mod. Softw. 111, 248–258.


Heck, V., Gerten, D., Lucht, W., Popp, A. 2018: Biomass-based negative emissions difficult to reconcile with planetary boundaries. Nature Clim. Change 8, 151–155.

Heino, M., Puma, M.J., Ward, P.J., Gerten, D. et al. 2018: Two-thirds of global food production impacted by climate oscillations. Nature Commun. 9, 1257.

Ostberg, S., Boysen, L., Schaphoff, S., Lucht, W., Gerten, D. 2018: The biosphere under potential Paris outcomes. Earth’s Fut. 6, 23–39.

Jans, Y., Berndes, G., Heinke, J., Lucht, W., Gerten, D. 2018: Biomass production in plantations: Land constraints increase dependency on irrigation water. GCB Bioenergy 10, 628–644.

Döll, P., Trautmann, T., Gerten, D. et al. 2018: Risks for the global freshwater system at 1.5 °C and 2 °C global warming. Environ. Res. Lett. 13, 044038.

Huang, Z., Hejazi, M., Li, X, ..., Gerten, D. et al. 2018: Reconstruction of global gridded monthly sectoral water withdrawals for 1971–2010 and analysis of their spatiotemporal patterns. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 22, 2117–2133.

Werner, C., Schmidt, H.-P., Gerten, D. et al. 2018: Biogeochemical potential of biomass pyrolysis systems for limiting global warming to 1.5 °C. Environ. Res. Lett. 13, 044036.

Schmidt, H.P., Anca-Couce, A., Hagemann, N., Werner, C., Gerten, D. et al. 2018: Pyrogenic Carbon Capture & Storage (PyCCS). GCB Bioenergy 11, 573–591.

Gerten, D., Schönfeld, M., Schauberger, B. 2018: On deeper human dimensions in Earth system analysis and modelling. Earth Syst. Dynam. 9, 849–863.

Schaphoff, S., von Bloh, W., Rammig, A., ..., Gerten, D. et al. 2018: LPJmL4 – a dynamic global vegetation model with managed land: part I – model description. Geosci. Model Dev. 11, 1343–1375.

Schaphoff, S., Forkel, M., Müller, C., ..., Gerten, D. et al. 2018: LPJmL4 – a dynamic global vegetation model with managed land: part II – model evaluation. Geosci. Model Dev. 11, 1377–1403.

Veldkamp, T., Zhao, F., Ward, P., ..., Gerten, D. et al. 2018: Human impact parameterizations in global hydrological models improve estimates of monthly discharges and hydrological extremes: a multi-model validation study. Environ. Res. Lett. 13, 055008.

Zaherpour, J., Gosling, S.N., Mount, N., ..., Gerten, D. et al. 2018: Worldwide evaluation of mean and extreme runoff from six global-scale hydrological models that account for human impacts. Environ. Res. Lett. 13, 065015.

Krysanova, V., Donnelly, C., Gelfan, A., Gerten, D. et al. 2018: How the performance of hydrological models relates to credibility of projections under climate change. Hydrol. Sci. J. 63, 696–720.

Schmidt, S.R., Gerten, D., Hintze, T. et al. 2018: Temporal and spatial scales of water temperature variability in a polymictic lake. Inland Waters 8, 82–95.


Jägermeyr, J., Pastor, A., Biemans, H., Gerten, D. 2017: Reconciling irrigated food production with environmental flows for Sustainable Development Goals implementation. Nature Commun. 8, 15900.

Boysen, L.R., Lucht, W., Gerten, D. 2017: Trade-offs for food production, ecosystems and climate limit the terrestrial carbon dioxide removal potential. Glob. Change Biol. 23, 4303–4317.

Boysen, L.R., Lucht, W., Gerten, D. et al. 2017: The limits to global-warming mitigation by terrestrial carbon removal. Earth’s Fut. 5, 463–475.

Kummu, M., Fader, M., Gerten, D. et al. 2017: Bringing it all together: linking measures to secure nations’ food supply. COSUST 29, 98–117.

Zhao, F., Veldkamp, T.I.E., Frieler, K., ..., Gerten, D. et al. 2017: The critical role of the routing scheme in simulating peak river discharge in global hydrological models. Environ. Res. Lett. 12, 075003.

Hattermann, F.F., Krysanova, V., Gosling, S., ..., Gerten, D. et al. 2017: Cross‐scale intercomparison of climate change impacts simulated by regional and global hydrological models in eleven large river basins. Clim. Change 141, 561–576.

Donnelly, C., Greuell, W., Andersson, J.C.M., Gerten, D. et al. 2017: Impacts of climate change on European hydrology at 1.5, 2 and 3 degrees mean global warming above preindustrial level. Clim. Change 143, 13–26.

Clift, R., Sim, S., King, H., ..., Gerten, D. et al. 2017: The challenges of applying planetary boundaries as a basis for strategic decision-making in companies with global supply chains. Sustainability 9(2), 279.

Liu, X., Tang, Q., Cui, H., Mu, M., Gerten, D. et al. 2017: Multimodel uncertainty changes in simulated river flows induced by human impact parameterizations. Environ. Res. Lett. 12, 025009.

Irvine, P.J., Kravitz, B., Lawrence, M.G., Gerten, D. et al. 2017: Towards a comprehensive climate impacts assessment of solar geoengineering. Earth’s Fut. 5, 93–106.


Boysen, L.R., Lucht, W., Gerten, D., Heck, V. 2016: Impacts devalue the potential of large-scale terrestrial CO2 removal through biomass plantations. Environ. Res. Lett. 11, 095010.

Deryng, D., Elliott, J., Folberth, C., ...., Gerten, D. et al. 2016: Regional disparities in the beneficial effects of rising CO2 concentrations on crop water productivity. Nature Clim. Change 6, 786–790.

Jägermeyr, J., Gerten, D., Schaphoff, S. et al. 2016: Integrated crop water management might sustainably halve the global food gap. Env. Res. Lett. 11, 025002.

Porkka, M., Gerten, D., Schaphoff, S., Siebert, S., Kummu, M. 2016: Causes and trends of water scarcity in food production. Env. Res. Lett. 11, 015001.

Schaphoff, S., Reyer, C.P.O., Schepaschenko, D., Gerten, D., Shvidenko, A. 2016: Tamm Review: Observed and projected climate change impacts on Russia's forests and its carbon balance. For. Ecol. Manag. 361, 432–444.

Heck, V., Gerten, D., Lucht, W., Boysen, L.R. 2016: Is extensive terrestrial carbon dioxide removal a ‘green’ form of geoengineering? A global modelling study. Glob. Planet. Change 137, 123–130.

Bonsch, M., Humpenöder, F., Popp, A., ..., Gerten, D., Stevanovic, M. 2016: Trade-offs between land and water requirements for large-scale bioenergy production. GCB Bioen. 8, 11–24.


Gerten, D., Rockström, J., Heinke, J., Steffen, W., Richardson, K., Cornell, S. 2015: Response to Comment on “Planetary boundaries: guiding human development on a changing planet”. Science 348, 1217.

Ostberg, S., Schaphoff, S., Lucht, W., Gerten, D. 2015: Three centuries of dual pressure from land use and climate change on the biosphere. Environ. Res. Lett. 10, 044011.

Steffen, W., Richardson, K., Rockström, J., ..., Gerten, D. et al. 2015: Planetary boundaries: Guiding human development on a changing planet. Science 347, 1259855.

Jägermeyr, J., Gerten, D., Heinke, J. et al. 2015: Water savings potentials of irrigation systems: dynamic global simulation. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 19, 3073–3091.

Oyebamiji, O.K., Edwards, N.R., Holden, P.B., ..., Gerten, D. 2015: Emulating global climate change impacts on crop yields. Stat. Mod. 15, 499525.

Kundzewicz, Z.W., Gerten, D. 2015: Grand challenges related to assessment of climate change impacts on freshwater resources. J. Hydrol. Eng. 20, A4014011-10–A4014011-10. (final draft)

Biewald, A., Kowarsch, M., Lotze-Campen, H., Gerten, D. 2015: Ethical aspects in the economic modeling of water policy options. Glob. Environ. Change 30, 80–91.

Boulay, A-M., Bare, J., de Camillis, C., Döll, P., Gassert, F., Gerten, D. et al. 2015: Consensus building on the development of a stress-based indicator for LCA-based impact assessment of water consumption: outcome of the expert workshops. Int. J. Life Cycle Assess. 20, 577–583.

Zang, C., Liu, J., Gerten, D., Jiang, L. 2015: Influence of human activities and climate variability on green and blue water provision in the Heihe River Basin, NW China. J. Water Clim. Change 6, 800–815.


Schewe, J., Heinke, J., Gerten, D., et al. 2014: Multi-model assessment of water scarcity under climate change. PNAS 111, 32453250.

Elliott, J., Deryng, D., Müller, C., Frieler, K., Konzmann, M., Gerten, D., et al. 2014: Constraints and potentials of future irrigation water availability on agricultural production under climate change. PNAS 111, 32393244.

Prudhomme, C., Giuntoli, I., Robinson, E.L., ..., Gerten, D. et al. 2014: Hydrological droughts in the 21st century: hotspots and uncertainties from a global multimodel ensemble experiment. PNAS 111, 32623267.

Huber, V., Schellnhuber, H.J., Arnell, N.W., ..., Gerten, D. et al. 2014: Climate impact research: beyond patchwork. Earth Syst. Dynam. 5, 399–408.

Hoff, H., Döll, P., Fader, M., Gerten, D. et al. 2014: Water footprints of cities – indicators for sustainable consumption and production. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 18, 213–226.

Jägermeyr, J., Gerten, D., Lucht, W. et al. 2014: A high resolution data-driven approach to estimating ecosystem respiration at continental scales using operational satellite data. GCB. 20, 1191–1210.

Kummu, M., Gerten, D., Heinke, J., Konzmann, M., Varis, O. 2014: Climate-driven interannual variability of water scarcity in food production: a global analysis. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 18, 447–461.

Esnault, L., Gleeson, T., Wada, Y., Heinke, J., Gerten, D. et al. 2014: Linking groundwater use and stress to specific crops using the groundwater footprint in the Central Valley and High Plains aquifer systems, USA. Water Resour. Res. 50, 4953–4973.


Gerten, D., Lucht, W., Ostberg, S. et al. 2013: Asynchronous exposure to global warming: freshwater resources and terrestrial ecosystems. Environ. Res. Lett. 8, 034032.

Gerten, D., Hoff, H., Rockström, J. et al. 2013: Towards a revised planetary boundary for consumptive freshwater use: role of environmental flow requirements. COSUST 5, 551–558.

Gerten, D. 2013: Sozialwissenschaftliche Klimaforschung: mehr Visionen wagen. GAIA 22/3, 156–159. Modified reprint in: Bulletin der Vereinigung der Schweizerischen Hochschuldozierenden 40(4), 9–13 (2014).

Gerten, D. 2013: A vital link: water and vegetation in the Anthropocene. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 17, 3841–3852.

Ostberg, S., Lucht, W., Schaphoff, S., Gerten, D. 2013: Critical impacts of global warming on land ecosystems. Earth Syst. Dynam. 4, 347–357.

Heinke, J., Ostberg, S., Schaphoff, S., Gerten, D. et al. 2013: A new dataset for systematic assessments of climate change impacts as a function of global warming. Geosci. Model Dev. 6, 1689–1703.

Biemans, H., Speelman, L.H., Ludwig, F., Gerten, D., Kabat, P. 2013: Future water resources for food production in five South Asian river basins and potential of adaptation options – a modelling study. Sci. Tot. Env. 468/469, S117S131.

Wada, Y., Wisser, D., Eisner, S., Flörke, M., Gerten, D. et al. 2013: Multi-model projections and uncertainties of irrigation water demand under climate change. Geophys. Res. Lett. 40, 4626–4632.

Schmitz, C., Lotze-Campen, H., Gerten, D. et al. 2013: Blue water scarcity and the economic impacts of future agricultural trade and demand. Water Resour. Res. 49, 3601–3617.

Langerwisch, F., Rost, S., Gerten, D. et al. 2013: Potential effects of climate change on inundation pattern in the Amazon basin. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 17, 2247–2262.

Fader, M., Gerten, D., Krause, M., Lucht, W., Cramer, W. 2013: Spatial decoupling of agricultural production and consumption: quantifying dependence of countries on food imports due to domestic land and water constraints. Environ. Res. Lett. 8, 014046.

Schaphoff, S., Heyder, U., Ostberg, S., Gerten, D. et al. 2013. Contribution of permafrost soils to the global carbon budget. Environ. Res. Lett. 8, 014026.

Holden, P.B., Edwards, N.R., Gerten, D., Schaphoff, S. 2013: A model-based constraint of CO2 fertilisation. Biogeosci. 10, 339–355.

Konzmann, M., Gerten, D., Heinke, J. 2013: Climate impacts on global irrigation requirements under 19 GCMs, simulated with a vegetation and hydrology model. Hydrol. Sci. J. 58, 88–105.

2012 and earlier

Adrian, R., Gerten, D., Huber, V., Wagner, C., Schmidt, S.R. 2012: Windows of change: temporal scale of analysis is decisive to detect ecosystem responses to climate change. Marine Biology 159, 2533–2542.

Huber, V., Gerten, D., Adrian, R. 2012: To bloom or not to bloom: contrasting responses of cyanobacteria to different heat waves explained by critical thresholds of abiotic drivers. Oecologia 169, 245–256.

Gudmundsson, L., Tallaksen, L.M., Stahl, K., ..., Gerten, D. et al. 2012: Comparing large-scale hydrological models to observed runoff percentiles in Europe. J. Hydrometeor. 13, 604–620.

Gerten, D., Heinke, J., Hoff, H. et al. 2011: Global water availability and requirements for future food production. J. Hydrometeor. 12, 885–899.

Heyder, U., Schaphoff, S., Gerten, D., Lucht, W. 2011: Risk of severe climate change impact on the terrestrial biosphere. Environ. Res. Lett. 6, 034036.

Hagemann, S., Chen, C., Härter, J.O., Heinke, J., Gerten, D., Piani, C. 2011: Impact of a statistical bias correction on the projected hydrological changes obtained from three GCMs and two hydrology models. J. Hydrometeor. 12, 556–578.

Haddeland, I., Clark, D.B., Franssen, W., ..., Gerten, D. et al. 2011: Multi-model estimate of the global water balance: setup and first results. J. Hydrometeor. 12, 869–884.

Popp, A., Dietrich, J.P., Lotze-Campen, H., ..., Gerten, D., Edenhofer, O. 2011: The economic potential of bioenergy for climate change mitigation with special attention given to implications for the land system. Environ. Res. Lett. 6, 034017.

Biemans, H., Haddeland, I., Kabat, P., ..., Gerten, D. 2011: Impact of reservoirs on river discharge and irrigation water supply during the 20th century. Water Resour. Res. 47, W03509.

Fader, M., Gerten, D., Thammer, M. et al. 2011: Internal and external green-blue agricultural water footprints of nations, and related water and land savings through trade. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 15, 1641–1660.

Jung, M., Reichstein, M., Ciais, P., ..., Gerten, D. et al. 2010: Recent decline in the global land evapotranspiration trend due to limited moisture supply. Nature 467, 951–954.

Strengers, B.J., Müller, C., Schaeffer, M., ..., Gerten, D. et al. 2010: Assessing 20th century climate-vegetation feedbacks of land-use change and natural vegetation dynamics in a fully coupled vegetation-climate model. Internat. J. Climatol. 30, 2055–2065.

Huber, V., Adrian, R., Gerten, D. 2010: A matter of timing: Heat wave impact on crustacean zooplankton. Freshw. Biol. 55, 1769–1779.

Fader, M., Rost, S., Müller, C., Bondeau, A., Gerten, D. 2010: Virtual water content of temperate cereals and maize: Present and potential future patterns. J. Hydrol. 384, 218–231.

Hoff, H., Falkenmark, M., Gerten, D. et al. 2010: Greening the global water system. J. Hydrol. (Special Issue) 384, 177–184.

von Bloh, W., Rost, S., Gerten, D., Lucht, W. 2010: Efficient parallelization of a dynamical global vegetation model with river routing. Environ. Model. Softw. 25, 685–690.

Rost, S., Gerten, D., Hoff, H. et al. 2009: Global potential to increase crop production through water management in rainfed agriculture. Environ. Res. Lett. 4, 044002.

Biemans, H., Hutjes, R., Kabat, P., Strengers, B., Gerten, D., Rost, S. 2009: Impacts of precipitation uncertainty on discharge calculations for main river basins, J. Hydrometeor. 10, 1011–1025.

Rockström, J., Falkenmark, M., Karlberg, L., ..., Gerten, D. 2009: Future water availability for global food production: The potential of green water for increasing resilience to global change. Water Resour. Res. 45, W00A12.

Gerten, D., Rost, S., von Bloh, W., Lucht, W. 2008: Causes of change in 20th century global river discharge. Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L20405.

Gerten, D., Luo, Y., Le Maire, G. et al. 2008: Modelled effects of precipitation on ecosystem carbon and water dynamics in different climatic zones. Glob. Change Biol. 14, 2365–2379.

Luo, Y., Gerten, D., Le Maire, G. et al. 2008: Modelled interactive effects of precipitation, temperature, and CO2 on ecosystem carbon and water dynamics in different climatic zones. Glob. Change Biol. 14, 1986–1999.

Gerten, D. 2008: Climatic change, aquatic science, multiple shifts in paradigms. Internat. Rev. Hydrobiol. 93 (centenary issue), 397–403.

Rost, S., Gerten, D., Bondeau, A. et al. 2008: Agricultural green and blue water consumption and its influence on the global water system. Water Resour. Res. 44, W09405.

Rost, S., Gerten, D., Heyder, U. 2008: Human alterations of the terrestrial water cycle through land management. Adv. Geosci. 18, 43-50.

Huber, V., Adrian, R., Gerten, D. 2008: Phytoplankton response to climate warming modified by trophic state. Limnol. Oceanogr. 53, 1–13.

Döll, P., Berkhoff, K., Bormann, H., Fohrer, N., Gerten, D. et al. 2008: Advances and visions in large-scale hydrological modelling: Findings from the 11th Workshop on Large-scale Hydrological Modelling. Adv. Geosci. 18, 51–61.

Gerten, D., Schaphoff, S., Lucht, W. 2007: Potential future changes in water limitations of the terrestrial biosphere. Clim. Change 80, 277–299.

Beer, C., Lucht, W., Gerten, D., Thonicke, K., Schmullius, C. 2007: Effects of freeze-thaw processes on biomass in Siberia. Glob. Biogeochem. Cy. 21, GB1012.

Bondeau, A., Smith, P., Zaehle, S., ..., Gerten, D. et al. 2007: Modelling the role of agriculture for the 20th century global terrestrial carbon balance. Glob. Change Biol. 13, 679–706.

Schaphoff, S., Lucht, W., Gerten, D. et al. 2006: Terrestrial biosphere carbon storage under alternative climate projections. Clim. Change 74, 97–122.

Leipprand, A., Gerten, D. 2006: Global effects of doubled atmospheric CO2 content on evapotranspiration, soil moisture and runoff under potential natural vegetation. Hydrol. Sci. J. 51, 171–185.

Adrian, R., Wilhelm, S., Gerten, D. 2006: Life history traits of lake plankton species may govern their phenological response to climate warming. Glob. Change Biol. 12, 652–661.

Gerten, D., Lucht, W., Schaphoff, S. et al. 2005: Hydrologic resilience of the terrestrial biosphere. Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, 21408-21411.

Gerten, D., Hoff, H., Bondeau, A. et al. 2005: Contemporary "green" water flows: simulations with a dynamic global vegetation and water balance model. Phys. Chem. Earth 30, 334–338.

Gerten, D., Schaphoff, S., Haberlandt, U., Lucht, W., Sitch, S. 2004: Terrestrial vegetation and water balance: hydrological evaluation of a dynamic global vegetation model. J. Hydrol. 286, 249–270.

Wagner, W., Scipal, K., Pathe, C., Gerten, D. et al. 2003: Evaluation of the agreement between the first global remotely sensed soil moisture data with model and precipitation data. J. Geophys. Res. 108, D19, 4611.

Gerten, D., Adrian, R. 2002: Responses of lake temperatures to diverse North Atlantic Oscillation indices. Verh. Internat. Verein. Theor. Ang. Limnol. 28, 1593–1596.

Gerten, D., Adrian, R. 2002: Species-specific changes in the phenology and peak abundance of freshwater copepods in response to warm summers. Freshw. Biol. 47, 2163–2173.

Mohr, S., Gerten, D., Adrian, R. 2002: Minimal algal food requirements in the presence of protozoan prey for the rotifer Brachionus calyciflorus. J. Plankton Res. 24, 723–728.

Gerten, D., Adrian, R. 2002: Effects of climate warming, North Atlantic Oscillation and El Niño on thermal conditions and plankton dynamics in European and North American lakes. Sci. World J. 2, 586–606.

Gerten, D., Adrian, R. 2001: Differences in the persistency of the North Atlantic Oscillation signal among lakes. Limnol. Oceanogr. 46, 448–455.

Gerten, D., Adrian, R. 2000: Climate-driven changes in spring phytoplankton dynamics and the sensitivity of shallow polymictic lakes to the North Atlantic Oscillation. Limnol. Oceanogr. 45, 1058–1066.

Gerten, D., Helbig, A., Wilke, K. 1998: Erfahrungen mit dem hydrologischen Modellsystem MMS-PRMS bei Anwendung auf das Einzugsgebiet der oberen Blies. Deutsche Gewässerkundliche Mitteilungen 42, 118–125.


(Edited) books, and book chapters

 Ingemarsson. M.L., Weinberg, J., Rudebeck, T., Wang-Erlandsson, L. 2022 (with Gerten, D. as Contributing Author): The Essential Drop to Reach Net-Zero: Unpacking Freshwater's Role in Climate Change Mitigation. SIWI, PIK, UNDP & GIZ GmbH.

Gerten, D. 2021: Wassermangel, Dürren und Welternährung. In: Lozán J. L., Breckle, S.-W., Graßl, H. et al. (Hg.). Warnsignal Klima: Boden & Landnutzung, 285–290. Wissenschaftliche Auswertungen & GEO, Hamburg.

Gerten, D. 2020 (2nd ed.): Wasser  Knappheit, Klimawandel, Welternährung. C.H.Beck. Reprint at Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung and Landeszentrale für politische Bildung NRW.

Gerten, D. 2020: What is the anthropogenic contribution to climate change and to transgressing other planetary boundaries? In: Lumbreras, J. (Ed.), Climate Change – Scientific Bases and Questions for Debate. Naturgy Foundation, 44–51.

Gerten, D. 2020: Planetare Umweltgrenzen: naturwissenschaftliche Grundprinzipien. In: Panschar, M. et al. (Eds.): Zukunftsmodell: Nachhaltiges Wirtschaften, 63–78. wbv Media.

Gerten, D., Jägermeyr, J. 2018: The potential impact of improved water management to alleviate water scarcity and hunger: a global perspective. In: Allan, T., Bromwich, B., Colman, T.,  Keulertz, M. (Eds.): The Oxford Handbook of Water, Food and Society. Oxford University Press.

Gerten, D. 2017: Plädoyer für die Aufrechterhaltung des Wasserkreislaufs der Erde. In: Rau, M. / International Institute of Political Murder (Ed.), General Assembly, 120-127, Merve.

Ziegler, R., Gerten, D., Döll, P. 2017: Safe, just and sufficient space – the planetary boundary for human water use in a more-than-human world. In: Ziegler, R. & Groenfeldt, D. (Hg.), Global Water Ethics – Towards a Global Ethics Charter, 109–130. Earthscan.

Gerten, D., Schellnhuber, H.J. 2015: Planetare Grenzen, globale Entwicklung. In: Simonis, U.E. et al. (Eds.), Jahrbuch Ökologie 2016, 11–19. Hirzel.

Gerten, D., Betts, R., Döll, P. 2014: Active role of vegetation in altering water flows under climate change. In: Field, C.B. et al. (Eds.), Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Part A: Global and Sectoral Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 157–161. Cambridge University Press. Link

Harding, R., Dolman, H., Gerten, D. et al. 2014: Data, models and uncertainties in the global water cycle. In: Bhaduri, A. et al. (Eds.), The Global Water System in the Anthropocene – Challenges for Science and Governance. Springer, 45–58.

Gerten, D. 2013: Global climate change impacts on freshwater availability: an overview of recent assessments. In: Boegh, E. et al. (Eds.): Climate and Land Surface Changes in Hydrology. IAHS Publ. 359, 47–52.

Gerten, D., Bergmann, S. (Eds.) 2012: Religion in Environmental and Climate Change: Suffering, Values, Lifestyles. Continuum, 270 pp. (paperback edition: Bloomsbury 2013)

Gerten, D., Bergmann, S. 2012: Facing the human faces of climate change. In: Gerten, D., Bergmann, S. (Eds.): Religion in Environmental and Climate Change. Continuum, 3–15.

Füssel, H.-M., Heinke, J., Popp, A., Gerten, D. 2012: Climate change and water supply. In: Edenhofer, O. et al. (Eds.): Climate Change, Justice and Sustainability – Linking Climate and Development Policy, 19–32. Springer.

Hoff, H., Gerten, D., Waha, K. 2012: Green and blue water in Africa – how foreign direct investment can support sustainable intensification. In: Allan, T., Keulertz, M., Sojamo, S., Warner, J. (Eds.), Handbook on Land and Water Grabs: Foreign Direct Investment and Food and Water Security, 356–372. Routledge.

Gerten, D., Lucht, W., Kundzewicz, Z.W. 2012: Detection and attribution of changes in water resources. In: Kundzewicz, Z. W. (Ed.), Changes in Flood Risk in Europe, 421–434. IAHS Special Publ. 10. CRC Press.

Bergmann, S., Gerten, D. (Eds.) 2010: Religion and Dangerous Environmental Change: Transdisciplinary Perspectives on the Ethics of Climate and Sustainability. LIT, 256 pp.

Gerten, D. 2010: Adapting to climatic and hydrologic change: Variegated functions of religion. In: Bergmann, S., Gerten, D. (Eds.), Religion and Dangerous Environmental Change, 39–56. LIT.

Bergmann, S., Gerten, D. 2010: Religion in climate and environmental change: Towards a symphony of voices, memories and visions in a new polycentric field. In: Bergmann, S., Gerten, D. (Eds.), Religion in Dangerous Environmental Change , 1–12. LIT.

Climate change and water supply (with contribution by Gerten, D.) 2010. In: Edenhofer, O. et al. (Eds.), Global, aber gerecht: Klimawandel bekämpfen, Entwicklung ermöglichen. C H. Beck.

Gerten, D. 2010: Hydrolatry in early European religions and Christian syncretism: How water transcends religions and epochs. In: Tvedt, T. & Oestigaard, T. (Eds.), Ideas of Water from Ancient Societies to the Modern World (A History of Water Series II, Vol. 1), 323-342. I.B. Tauris.

Gerten, D. 2009: Zum aktuellen Stand der Klimafolgenforschung. In: Bedford-Strohm, H. (Ed.), Und Gott sah, dass es gut war. Schöpfung und Endlichkeit im Zeitalter der Klimakatastrophe, 74–84. Neukirchener Verlag.

Gerten, D. 2008: Water of life, water of death: Pagan notions of water from antiquity to today. In: Shaw, S., Francis, A. (Eds.), Deep Blue – Critical Reflections on Nature, Religion and Water, 35–50. Equinox.

Gerten, D. 2008: Verschiebung der Vegetationszonen. In: Lozán, J.L., Graßl, H., Jendritzky, G., Karbe, L., Reise, K. (Hrsg.), Warnsignal Klima: Gesundheitsrisiken – Gefahren für Menschen, Tiere und Pflanzen (Kap. 2). GEO/Wissenschaftliche Auswertungen, 89–92.

Diesel, A., Gerten, D. 2005/2007/2013: Looking for Europe - Neofolk und Hintergründe (The History of Neofolk). 3rd German and 1st English ed., Index, 544 pp. (French edition: Looking for Europe – Néofolk & Underground, Tome 1 & Tome 2, Camion Noir 2008/2009).

Gerten, D., Haberlandt, U., Cramer, W., Erhard, M. 2005: Terrestrial carbon and water fluxes. In: Hantel, M. (Ed.), Observed Global Climate, Landolt-Börnstein New Series, Group V: Geophysics, Vol. 6, 12-1–12-17, Springer.

Gerten, D., Bondeau, A., Hoff, H. et al. 2004: Assessment of 'green' water fluxes with a Dynamic Global Vegetation Model. In: Webb, B. et al. (Eds.), Hydrology: Science and Practice for the 21st Century, Vol. I, 29–35. BHS.

Krysanova, V., Gerten, D., Klöcking, B., Becker, A. 1999. Factors affecting nitrogen export from diffuse sources: a modelling study in the Elbe basin. In: L. Heathwaite (ed.): Impact of Land-use Change on Nutrient Loads from Diffuse Sources (IAHS publ. 257), 201–212.


Other writings (selection)

Breier, J., Schwarz, L., Donges, J.F., Gerten, D., Rockström, J. 2023: Regenerative Agriculture for Food Security and Ecological Resilience: Illustrating Global Biophysical and Social Spreading Potentials. Earth4All Deep Dive Paper 13, Club of Rome, 16 pp.

Gerten, D. 2022: Suche nach einer Planetaren Grenze für die Wassernutzung. Geogr. Rundsch. 6/22, 28–32.

Gerten, D., Stenzel, F. 2022: Wassermangel und Klimawandel: noch ein Dilemma mehr. Universitas 2/22, 26–31.

Lucht, W., Werner, C., Gerten, D. 2021: Planetare Ökologische Grenzen Einhalten: Nordrhein-Westfalen in der Klima- und Umweltkrise. Umwelt.NRW Nach(haltig) Gedacht 01. Ministerium für Umwelt, Landwirtschaft, Natur- und Verbraucherschutz des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen, Düsseldorf, 66 pp.

Gerten, D. 2021: Essen wird anders – Ernährung und die Planetaren Grenzen. Rundschau für Fleischhygiene und Lebensmittelüberwachung 73(7), 224–226.

Keppner, B., Kahlenborn, W., Hoff, H., Lucht, W., Gerten D. 2020: Planetary Boundaries: Challenges for Science, Civil Society and Politics. Umweltbundesamt, Texte 183/2020.

Deryng, D., Elliott, J., Folberth, C., ..., Gerten, D. et al. 2017: How can CO2 help agriculture in the face of climate change? Environ. Sci. J. Teens, Aug. 2017, 1–4.

Greuell, W., Andersson, J.C.M., Donnelly, C., Feyen, L., Gerten, D. et al. 2015: Evaluation of five hydrological models across Europe and their suitability for making projections under climate change. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss. 12, 10289–10330.

Jägermeyr, J., Gerten. D. 2016: Bessere Wassernutzung könnte globales Nahrungsdefizit halbieren. Hydrologie & Wasserbewirtschaftung 60/2, 153–155.

Ziegler, R., Gerten, D., Döll, P. 2016: Safe, Just and Sufficient Space: The Planetary Boundary for Human Water use in a More-than-human World. Greifswald Environmental Ethics Papers 9, Universität Greifswald.

Gerten, D. 2013: Water and Vegetation in the Anthropocene – Vital Links Modelled at Global Scale. Habilitation thesis, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät II, 162 pp.

Gerten, D., Hagemann, S., Biemans, H., Saeed, F., Konzmann, M. 2011: Climate Change and Irrigation: Feedbacks and Impacts. WATCH Technical Report No. 47, CEH Wallingford.

Gerten, D. 2011: Water availability and scarcity: now and future trends. In: Kowarsch, M. (ed.)., Water Management Options in a Globalised World. Proceedings of an International Scientific Workshop, 20–23 June 2011, Bad Schönbrunn”, 9–15. Institute for Social and Development Studies (IGP) at the Munich School of Philosophy (2nd ed., online).

Gerten, D., Rost, S. 2009: Climate change impacts on agricultural water stress and impact mitigation potential. Background note World Development Report 2010 (Development and Climate Change). World Bank.

Gerten, D. 2009: The noosphere in earth system analysis. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 6, 572020.

Gerten, D., Heinke, J. 2009: Geht uns das Wasser aus? Globale Wasservorräte und -knappheiten heute und in Zukunft. Universitas 757, 664–675.

Lotze-Campen, H., Gerten, D. 2009: Virtueller Wasserhandel. Ein Beitrag zur Lösung von regionaler Wasserknappheit und Ernährungssicherung? Universitas 757, 676–689.

Gerten, D. 2008: Klimawandel – Folgen für die weltweite Verfügbarkeit von Süßwasservorräten und Trinkwasser. In: FEI (Hrsg.): Zukunftsfähige Wasserversorgung – von der lokalen zur globalen Herausforderung. 22. Trinkwasserkolloquium am 14. Februar 2008. Oldenbourg, 1–10.

Rohwer, J., Gerten, D., Lucht, W. 2007: Development of Functional Irrigation Types for Improved Global Crop Modelling. PIK Report 104, Potsdam, 91 pp.

Gerten, D., Kuhn, N. 2006:  Der Flußlauf – die Kyll und die naturräumlichen Verhältnisse in ihrem Einzugsgebiet. In: Gerten, E., Wisniewski, A., Höser, R. 2006: Die Kyll. VG Kyllburg.

Gerten, D. 2005: Environmental modelling - finding simplicity in complexity (eds.: J. Wainwright & M. Mulligan). Hydrological Sciences Journal 50, 731. (Book review)

Gerten, D. 2004: World water resources at the beginning of the 21st century (eds.: I.A. Shiklomanov & J.C. Rodda). Hydrological Sciences Journal 49, 350. (Book review)

Gerten, D. 2002: Klimageschichte und naturräumliche Bedingungen. In: Gerten, E., Kreutz, J., Rech, C. (eds.): Oberkail – Geschichte eines Dorfes in der südlichen Eifel, 340–344, Oberkail.

Gerten, D. 2001: Changes in the thermal properties and the seasonal plankton succession in lakes: The role of climate warming and the North Atlantic Oscillation. PhD thesis, University of Potsdam, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, 105 pp.

Gerten, D., Helbig, A. 1998: Zur Berechnung der Verdunstung innerhalb des Niederschlag-Abfluß-Modells PRMS/MMS am Beispiel von Mosel-Einzugsgebieten. Annalen der Meteorologie 37, 281–282.

Gerten, D., Krysanova, V. 1997: Ein Ansatz zur makroskaligen Modellierung des Stoffhaushalts. Proc. Workshop "Modellierung des Wasser- und Stofftransportes in großen Einzugsgebieten". PIK-Report 43, 97–107, Potsdam.

See TESS Working Group

"Social Hydrology", stuy project seminar, Geography Dept., Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin (bachelor level; each summer semester)

"Hydrosphere", seminar, Geography Dept., Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin (master level; each winter semester)

2018, 2019, 2021 & 2022: Highly Cited Researcher (top 1% in decade) (Web of Science / Clarivate Analytics)

2021: #90 (#9 in Germany) in Reuters Hot List of 1,000 top climate scientists (Reuters)

2018: Book “Wasser” non-fiction book of the month by Welt, NZZ, etc.

2013 & 2016: Highlight Awards for three papers in the journal Environmental Research Letters

2010: Cooperation Prize of the Society of Friends and Promoters of PIK

2002: Early-Career Scientists Award of the German Society for Limnology (DGL)

Expert Panel BMBF Framework Programme „Sozialökologische Forschung“, 2018–2019

IRI THESys and Board of its graduate program, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

Co-speaker of the network „Integrierte Erdsystemforschung“ (Integrated Earth System Research) of the Leibniz Association

Executive Committee of the European Forum for the Study of Religion & Environment (EFSRE)

Sustainable Water Future Programme (SWFP) SDG Assessment Core Group and Groundwater Management Working Group

Working Group “Quantification of Planetary Boundaries” in the Planetary Boundaries Research Network (PB.Net)

Contributing Author 5th IPCC Assessment Report (Working Group II, Chapters 3 & 4) | Review Editor Vol. II Austrian Assessment Report and 2018 Special Report of the Austrian Panel of Climate Change (APCC)  | Reviewer for many scientific journals | Expert Reviewer 4th IPCC Assessment Report (Report of Working Group II, Synthesis Report, Technical Paper on Climate Change and Water)

Board of Trustees ENTEGA Foundation, Darmstadt

Advisory Board member of the IMAGE Model (Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency)

Editorial Advisory Board of Detritus (2018–); Associate or Guest Editor of Hydrological Sciences Journal (2011–2016), Earth Perspectives (2013–2017), PNAS (2013–), ISRN Ecology (2010–2012), Hydrology & Earth System Sciences (2013), Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems (2019–2020)