Sandström's experiment & Bornö oceanographic research station, Sweden

Bornö oceanographic research station, near Göteborg. Photo taken in 2001.

View from the cliff above Bornö station

Oceanographic sampling platform overhanging the fjord

The cliffs beside Bornö station

Johan Sandström

Alexa Griesel and Susanne Nawrath perform Sandström's experiment at PIK

Many famous oceanographers spent time at Bornö station.
In 1908, Johan Sandström performed his famous experiments here.
These laid the foundation for an understanding of
the thermohaline circulation of the world ocean.
Two diagrams from his classic publication "Dynamische

Versuche mit Meerwasser" are shown below.

Wind-driven circulation in Sandström's tank experiment

Interaction of thermal circulation and wind