All fotos © S. Rahmstorf

Our publications related to sea level


S. Rahmstorf/K. Richardson:
Our Threatened Oceans
Feb. 2009
, 260 pages
ISBN 1906598061
Haus Publishing


Popular articles

Rahmstorf, S., 2016: Millennia of sea-level change Realclimate, 22.02.2016.

Rahmstorf, S., 2015: Bjørn Lomborg, just a scientist with a different opinion? Realclimate, 31.08.2015.

Rahmstorf, S., 2015: What’s going on in the North Atlantic? Realclimate, 23.03.2015.

Rahmstorf, S., 2015: A new sea level curve. Realclimate, 14.01.2015.

Rahmstorf, S., 2014: Ocean heat storage: a particularly lousy policy target + Update. Realclimate, 20.10.2014.

Levermann, A., 2014: Antarctica’s Point of No Return. Project Syndicate, 24.07.2014.

Rahmstorf, S., 2013: Sea-level rise: What the experts expect. Realclimate, 23.11.2013.

Rahmstorf, S., 2013: Sea level in the 5th IPCC report. Realclimate, 15.10.2013.

Rahmstorf, S., 2013: What ocean heating reveals about global warming. Realclimate, 25.09.2013.

Levermann, A., 2013: The inevitability of sea level rise. Realclimate, 15.08.2013.

Rahmstorf, S., 2013: Sea-level rise: Where we stand at the start of 2013 — Part 2. Realclimate, 11.01.2013.

Rahmstorf, S., 2013: Sea-level rise: Where we stand at the start of 2013. Realclimate, 09.01.2013.

Rahmstorf, S., 2012: Far out in North Carolina. Realclimate, 24.6.2012.

Rahmstorf, S., 2012: What makes sea-level rise? Realclimate, 1.6.2012.

Rahmstorf, S. 2012: Sea-level rise: towards understanding local vulnerability. Environmental Research Letters 7, 021001. doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/7/2/021001.

Rahmstorf, S., 2012: Modeling sea level rise. Nature Education Knowledge 3(3), 4.

Rahmstorf, S., 2011: Is sea-level rise accelerating? Realclimate, 12.7.2011.

Rahmstorf, S., 2011: 2000 years of sea level. Reaclimate, 20.6.2011.

Levermann, A., 2011: Oceanography: When glacial giants roll over. Nature 472, 43-44.

Rahmstorf, S., 2010: Sea level rise: The New York Times got the story. RealClimate, 15.11.2010.

Rahmstorf, S., 2010: A new view on sea level rise. Nature Reports Climate Change, Vol. 4, April 2010.

Rahmstorf, S., 2010: Sealevelgate. RealClimate, 11.3.2010.

Rahmstorf, S. and M. Vermeer, 2009: Ups and downs of sea level projections. Realclimate, 31.8.2009.

Rahmstorf, S., 2009: Climate sceptics confuse the public by focusing on short-term fluctuations. The Guardian, 9.3.2009.

Rahmstorf, S., 2009: We must shake off this inertia to keep sea level rises to a minimum. The Guardian, 3.3.2009.

Rahmstorf, S., 2009: Sea will rise ‘to levels of last Ice Age’. RealClimate, 26.1.2009.

Rahmstorf, S., 2007: The IPCC sea level numbers. RealClimate, 27.3.2007.


Book Chapters

Rahmstorf, S., G. Feulner, 2013: Paleoclimatic Ocean Circulation and Sea-Level Changes In: Ocean Circulation and Climate, Editors: Siedler, G., S.M. Griffies, J. Gould, J.A. Church: Oxford : Academic Press. p. 31-56.



Church, J.A., P.U. Clark, A. Cazenave, J.M. Gregory, S. Jevrejeva, A. Levermann, M.A. Merrifield, G.A. Milne, R.S. Nerem, P.D. Nunn, A.J. Payne, W.T. Pfeffer, D. Stammer, A.S. Unnikrishnan , 2013: Chapter 13: Sea-level change. In: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Editors: T. Stocker et al., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA. IPCC.

Levermann, A., Bamber, J., Drijfhout, S., Ganopolski, A., Haeberli,W., Harris, N.R.P., Huss, M., Krüger, K., Lenton, T., Lindsay, R.W., Notz, D., Wadhams, P., Weber, S., 2010: Climatic Tipping Elements with potential impact on Europe, Technical Paper No. 3 to the 'State Of the Environment Report 2010' of the European Environmental Agency, Juli 2010, 40 pages.

WBGU - German Advisory Council on Global Change, 2013: World in Transition: Governing the Marine Heritage. Berlin: WBGU. 362 pages.

WBGU - German Advisory Council on Global Change, 2006: The Future Oceans - Warming Up, Rising High, Turning Sour. Berlin: WBGU. 110 pages.


Papers in scientific journals


Zou, Y., Macau, E.E.N., Sampaio, G., Ramos, A.M.T., Kurths, J. 2018: Characterizing the exceptional 2014 drought event in São Paulo by drought period length. Climate Dynamics, 51, DOI: 10.1007/s00382-017-3932-2.

Clark, P.U., Mix, A.C., Eby, W., Levermann, A., Rogeli, J., Wrathall, D.J. 2018: Sea-level commitment as a gauge for climate policy. Nature Climate Change, DOI: 10.1038/s41558-018-0226-6.

Piecucha, C.G., Bittermann, K, Kemp, A.C., Ponte, R.M., Little, C.M., Engelhart, S.E., Lentz, S.J. 2018: River-discharge effects on United States Atlantic and Gulf coast sea-level changes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), 115, 30, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1805428115.

Kingslake, J., Scherer, R.P., Albrecht, T., Coenen, J., Powell, R.D., Reese, R., Stansell, N.D., Tulaczyk, S., Wearing, M.G., Whitehouse, P.L. 2018: Extensive retreat and re-advance of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet during the Holocene. Nature, 558, 7710, DOI: 10.1038/s41586-018-0208-x.

Pfleiderer, P., Schleussner, C.F., Mengel, M., Rogeli, J.2018: Global mean temperature indicators linked to warming levels avoiding climate risks. Environmental Research Letters 13, Art.064015, DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/aac319.

Ozturk, U., Marwan, N., Specht, S.von, Korup, O., Jensen, J. 2018: A new centennial sea-level record for Antalya, Eastern Mediterranean. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, DOI: 10.1029/2018JC013906.

Gölzer, H., Nowicki, S., Edwards, T, Beckley, M., Abe-Ouchi, A, Aschwanden, A., Calov, R., Gagliardini, O., Gillet-Chaulet, F. Golledge, N.R., Gregory, J., Greve, R., Humbert, A., Huybrechts, P., Kennedy, J.H., Larour, E., Lipscomb, W.H., Le clec’h, S., Lee, V., Morlighem, M., Pattyn, F., Payne, A.J., Rodehacke, C., Rückamp, W., Saito, F., Schlegel, N., Seroussi, H., Shepherd, A., Sun, S., Wal, R.van de, Ziemen, F.A. 2018: Design and results of the ice sheet model initialisation experiments initMIP-Greenland: an ISMIP6 intercomparison. The Cryosphere, 12, 4, DOI: 10.5194/tc-12-1433-2018.

Rasmussen, D.J., Bittermann, K., Buchanan, M.K, Kulp, S., Strauss, B.H, Kopp, R.E., Oppenheimer, M. 2018: Extreme sea level implications of 1.5?°C, 2.0?°C, and 2.5?°C temperature stabilization targets in the 21st and 22nd centuries. Environmental Research Letters, 13, 3, DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/aaac87.

Prahl, B.F., Boettle, M., Costa, L., Kropp, J.P., Rybski, D. 2018: Damage and protection cost curves for coastal floods within the 600 largest European cities. Nature Scientific Data, 5, 180034 DOI: 10.1038/sdata.2018.34.

Calov, R., Beyer, S., Greve, R., Beckmann, J., Willeit, M., Kleiner, T., Rückamp, M., Humbert, A., Ganopolski, A. 2018: Simulation of the future sea level contribution of Greenland with a new glacial system model. The Cryosphere Discussions, DOI: 10.5194/tc-2018-23.

Mengel, M., Nauels, A., Rogeli, J., Schleussner, C.F. 2018: Committed sea-level rise under the Paris Agreement and the legacy of delayed mitigation action. Nature Communications, 9, 601, DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-02985-8.

Reese, R., Gudmundsson, G.H., Levermann, A., Winkelmann, R. 2018: The far reach of ice-shelf thinning in Antarctica. Nature Climate Change, 8, 1, DOI: 10.1038/s41558-017-0020-x.

Beckmann, J., Parrette, M., Ganopolski, A. 2018: Simple models for the simulation of submarine melt for a Greenland glacial system model. The Cryosphere, 12, 1, DOI: 10.5194/tc-12-301-2018.


Slangen, ABA., Adloff, F., Jevrejeva, S., Leclercq, PW., Marzeion, B., Wada, Y., Winkelmann, R., 2017: A Review of Recent Updates of Sea-Level Projections at Global and Regional Scales. SURVEYS IN GEOPHYSICS, 38, 1, 385-406, SI, DOI:10.1007/s10712-016-9374-2.

James, R., Washington, R., Schleussner, CF., Rogelj, J., Conway, D., 2017: Characterizing half-a-degree difference: a review of methods for identifying regional climate responses to global warming targets. WILEY INTERDISCIPLINARY REVIEWS-CLIMATE CHANGE, 8, 2, e457, DOI:10.1002/wcc.457.

Lenk, S., Rybski, D., Heidrich, O., Dawson, RJ., Kropp, JP., 2017: Costs of sea dikes - regressions and uncertainty estimates. NATURAL HAZARDS AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES, 17, 5, 765-779, DOI:10.5194/nhess-17-765-2017.

Nauels, A., Meinshausen, M., Mengel, M., Lorbacher, K., Wigley, TML., 2017: Synthesizing long-term sea level rise projections - the MAGICC sea level model v2.0. GEOSCIENTIFIC MODEL DEVELOPMENT, 10, 6, 2495-2524, DOI:10.5194/gmd-10-2495-2017.

Willink, D., Khan, V., Donner, RV., 2017: Improved one-month lead-time forecasting of the SPI over Russia with pressure covariates based on the SL-AV model. QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, 143, 707, 2636-2649, B, DOI:10.1002/qj.3114.

Robinson, A., Alvarez-Solas, J., Calov, R., Ganopolski, A., Montoya, M., 2017: MIS-11 duration key to disappearance of the Greenland ice sheet. CNATURE COMMUNICATIONS, 8, 16008, DOI:10.1038/ncomms16008.

Bauer, Eva, Ganopolski, Andrey, 2017: Comparison of surface mass balance of ice sheets simulated by positive-degree-day method and energy balance approach. CLIMATE OF THE PAST, 13, 7, 819-832, DOI:10.5194/cp-13-819-2017.

Waha, K., Krummenauer, L., Adams, S., Aich, V., Baarsch, F., Coumou, D., Fader, M., Hoff, H., Jobbins, G., Marcus, R., Mengel, M., Otto, IM., Perrette, M., Rocha, M., Robinson, A., Schleussner, CF., 2017: Climate change impacts in the Middle East and Northern Africa (MENA) region and their implications for vulnerable population groups. REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE, 17, 6, 1623-1638, DOI:10.1007/s10113-017-1144-2.

Reyer, CPO., Adams, S., Albrecht, T., Baarsch, F., Boit, A., Trujillo, NC., Cartsburg, M., Coumou, D., Fernandes, E., Langerwisch, F., Marcus, R., Mengel, M., Mira-Salama, D., Perette, M., Pereznieto, P., Rammig, A., Reinhardt, J., Robinson, A., Rocha, M., Sakschewski, B., Schaeffer, M., Schleussner, CF., Serdeczny, O., Thonicke, K., 2017: Climate change impacts in Latin America and the Caribbean and their implications for development. REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE, 17, 6, 1601-1621, DOI:10.1007/s10113-015-0854-6.

Serdeczny, O., Adams, S., Baarsch, F., Coumou, D., Robinson, A., Hare, W., Schaeffer, M., Perrette, M., Reinhardt, J., 2017: Climate change impacts in Sub-Saharan Africa: from physical changes to their social repercussions. REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE, 17, 6, 1585-1600, DOI:10.1007/s10113-015-0910-2.

Vinke, K., Martin, MA., Adams, S,. Baarsch, F., Bondeau, A., Coumou, D., Donner, RV., Menon, A., Perrette, M., Rehfeld, K., Robinson, A., Rocha, M., Schaeffer, M., Schwan, S., Serdeczny, O., Svirejeva-Hopkins, A., 2017: Climatic risks and impacts in South Asia: extremes of water scarcity and excess. REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE, 17, 6, 1569-1583, DOI:10.1007/s10113-015-0924-9.

Wiedermann, M., Donges, JF., Handorf, D., Kurths, J., Donner, RV., 2017: Hierarchical structures in Northern Hemispheric extratropical winter ocean-atmosphere interactions. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY, 37, 10, 3821-3836, DOI:10.1002/joc.4956.

Rahmstorf, S, 2017: Rising hazard of storm-surge flooding. TPROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 114, 45, 11806-11808, DOI:10.1073/pnas.1715895114.


Mengel, M., Feldmann, J., Levermann, A., 2016: Linear sea-level response to abrupt ocean warming of major West Antarctic ice basin. NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE, 6, 1, 71-+, DOI:10.1038/NCLIMATE2808.

Ludescher, J., Bunde, A., Franzke, CLE., Schellnhuber, HJ., 2016: Long-term persistence enhances uncertainty about anthropogenic warming of Antarctica. CLIMATE DYNAMICS, 46, 1-2, 263-271, DOI:10.1007/s00382-015-2582-5.

Boettle, M., Rybski, D., Kropp, JP., 2016: Quantifying the effect of sea level rise and flood defence-a point process perspective on coastal flood damage. NATURAL HAZARDS AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES, 16, 2, 559-576, DOI:10.5194/nhess-16-559-2016.

Frieler, K., Mengel, M., Levermann, A., 2016: Delaying future sea-level rise by storing water in Antarctica. EARTH SYSTEM DYNAMICS, 7, 1, 203-210, DOI:10.5194/esd-7-203-2016.

Prahl, BF., Rybski, D., Boettle, M., Kropp, JP., 2016: Damage functions for climate-related hazards: unification and uncertainty analysis. NATURAL HAZARDS AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES, 16, 5, 1189-1203, DOI:10.5194/nhess-16-1189-2016.

Schleussner, CF., Lissner, TK., Fischer, EM., Wohland, J., Perrette, M., Golly, A., Rogelj, J., Childers, K., Schewe, J., Frieler, K., Mengel, M., Hare, W., Schaeffer, M., 2016: Differential climate impacts for policy-relevant limits to global warming: the case of 1.5 degrees C and 2 degrees C. EARTH SYSTEM DYNAMICS, 7, 2, 327-351, DOI:10.5194/esd-7-327-2016.

Barbosa, SM., Donner, RV., 2016: Long-term changes in the seasonality of Baltic sea level. TELLUS SERIES A-DYNAMIC METEOROLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY, 68, 30540, DOI:10.3402/tellusa.v68.30540.

Asay-Davis, XS., Cornford, SL., Durand, G., Galton-Fenzi, BK., Gladstone, RM., Gudmundsson, GH., Hattermann, T., Holland, DM., Holland, D., Holland, PR., Martin, DF., Mathiot, P., Pattyn, F., Seroussi, H., 2016: Experimental design for three interrelated marine ice sheet and ocean model intercomparison projects: MISMIP v. 3 (MISMIP+), ISOMIP v. 2 (ISOMIP+) and MISOMIP v. 1 (MISOMIP1). GEOSCIENTIFIC MODEL DEVELOPMENT, 9, 7, 2471-2497, DOI:10.5194/gmd-9-2471-2016.

Hansen, G., Stone, D., Auffhammer, M., Huggel, C., Cramer, W., 2016: Linking local impacts to changes in climate: a guide to attribution. REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE, 16, 2, 527-541, DOI:10.1007/s10113-015-0760-y.

Brown, S., Nicholls, RJ., Lowe, JA., Hinkel, J., 2016: Spatial variations of sea-level rise and impacts: An application of DIVA. REVIEWS OF GEOPHYSICS, 134, 3, 403-416, DOI:10.1007/s10584-013-0925-y.

Berger, A., Crucifix, M., Hodell, DA., Mangili, C., McManus, JF., Otto-Bliesner, B., Pol, K., Raynaud, D., Skinner, LC., Tzedakis, PC., Wolff, EW., Yin, QZ., Abe-Ouchi, A., Barbante, C., Brovkin, V., Cacho, I., Capron, E., Ferretti, P., Ganopolski, A., Grimalt, JO., Honisch, B., Kawamura, K., Landais, A., Margari, V., Martrat, B., Masson-Delmotte, V., Mokeddem, Z., Parrenin, F., Prokopenko, AA., Rashid, H., Schulz, M., Riveiros, NV., 2016: Interglacials of the last 800,000years. REVIEWS OF GEOPHYSICS, 54, 1, 162-219, DOI:10.1002/2015RG000482.

Strauss, BH., Kulp, S., Levermann, A., 2016: REPLY TO BOYD ET AL.: Large long-term sea level projections do not mean giving up on coastal cities. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 113, 10, E1330-E1330, DOI:10.1073/pnas.1601065113.

Mengel, M., Levermann, A., Frieler, K., Robinson, A., Marzeion, B., Winkelmann, R., 2016: Future sea level rise constrained by observations and long-term commitment. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 113, 10, 2597-2602, DOI:10.1073/pnas.1500515113.

Kopp, RE., Kemp, AC., Bittermann, K., Horton, BP., Donnelly, JP., Gehrels, WR., Hay, CC., Mitrovica, JX., Morrow, ED., Rahmstorf, S., 2016: Temperature-driven global sea-level variability in the Common Era. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 113, 11, E1434-E1441, DOI:10.1073/pnas.1517056113.

Clark, PU., Shakun, JD., Marcott, SA., Mix, AC., Eby, M., Kulp, S., Levermann, A., Milne, GA., Pfister, PL., Santer, BD., Schrag, DP., Solomon, S., Stocker, TF., Strauss, BH., Weaver, AJ., Winkelmann, R., Archer, D., Bard, E., Goldner, A., Lambeck, K., Pierrehumbert, RT., Plattner, GK., 2016: Consequences of twenty-first-century policy for multi-millennial climate and sea-level change. NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE, 6, 4, 360-369, DOI:10.1038/NCLIMATE2923.

Kretschmer, M., Coumou, D., Donges, JF., Runge, J., 2016: Using Causal Effect Networks to Analyze Different Arctic Drivers of Midlatitude Winter Circulation. JOURNAL OF CLIMATE, 29, 11, 4069-4081, DOI:10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0654.1.

Steffen, W., Leinfelder, R., Zalasiewicz, J., Waters, CN., Williams, M., Summerhayes, C., Barnosky, AD., Cearreta, A., Crutzen, P., Edgeworth, M., Ellis, EC., Fairchild, IJ., Galuszka, A., Grinevald, J., Haywood, A., do Sul, JI., Jeandel, C., McNeill, JR., Odada, E., Oreskes, N., Revkin, A., Richter, DD., Syvitski, J., Vidas, D., Wagreich, M., Wing, SL., Wolfe, AP., Schellnhuber, HJ., 2016: Stratigraphic and Earth System approaches to defining the Anthropocene. EARTHS FUTURE, 4, 8, 324-345, DOI:10.1002/2016EF000379.

Levermann, A., Winkelmann, R., 2016: A simple equation for the melt elevation feedback of ice sheets. CRYOSPHERE, 10, 4, 1799-1807, DOI:10.5194/tc-10-1799-2016.

Yau, AM., Bender, ML., Robinson, A., Brook, EJ., 2016: Reconstructing the last interglacial at Summit, Greenland: Insights from GISP2. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 113, 35, 9710-9715, DOI:10.1073/pnas.1524766113.

Schleussner, CF., Rogelj, J., Schaeffer, M., Lissner, T., Licker, R., Fischer, EM., Knutti, R., Levermann, A., Frieler, K., Hare, W., 2016: Science and policy characteristics of the Paris Agreement temperature goal. NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE, 6, 9, 827-835, DOI:10.1038/NCLIMATE3096.

Di Capua, G., Coumou, D., 2016: Changes in meandering of the Northern Hemisphere circulation. ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 11, 9, 094028, DOI:10.1088/1748-9326/11/9/094028.

Willeit, M., Ganopolski, A., 2016: PALADYN v1.0, a comprehensive land surface-vegetation-carbon cycle model of intermediate complexity. GEOSCIENTIFIC MODEL DEVELOPMENT, 9, 10, 3817-3857, DOI:10.5194/gmd-9-3817-2016.

Friedrich, T., Timmermann, A., Tigchelaar, M., Timm, OE., Ganopolski, A., 2016: Nonlinear climate sensitivity and its implications for future greenhouse warming. SCIENCE ADVANCES, 2, 11, e1501923, DOI:10.1126/sciadv.1501923.

Dinniman, MS., Asay-Davis, XS., Galton-Fenzi, BK., Holland, PR., Jenkins, A., Timmermann, R., 2016: Modeling Ice Shelf/Ocean in Antarctica A REVIEW. OCEANOGRAPHY, 29, 4, 144-153, SI, DOI:10.5670/oceanog.2016.106.


Bierkandt, R., Auffhammer, M., A. Levermann, 2015: US power plant sites at risk of future sea-level rise. Environmental Research Letters, 10, 124022, DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/10/12/124022.

Strauss, B., Kulp, S., A. Levermann, 2015: Carbon choices determine US cities committed to futures below sea level. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112, 44, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1511186112.

Winkelmann, R., Levermann, A., Ridgwell, A., Caldaira, K. 2015: Combustion of available fossil fuel resources sufficient to eliminate the Antarctic Ice Sheet. Science Advances, 1, e1500589, DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1500589.

Lorbacher, K., Nauels, A., M. Meinshausen, 2015: Complementing thermosteric sea level rise estimates. Geoscientific Model Development, 8, 9, DOI: 10.5194/gmd-8-2723-2015.

Hansen, G. 2015: The evolution of the evidence base for observed impacts of climate change. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 1, DOI: 10.1016/j.cosust.2015.05.005.

Krapp, M., Jungclaus, J.H. 2015: Pacific variability under present-day and Middle Miocene boundary conditions. Climate Dynamics, 44, 9, DOI: 10.1007/s00382-014-2456-2.

Zimmer, A., Jakob, M., Steckel, J.C.2015: What motivates Vietnam to strive for a low-carbon economy? - On the drivers of climate policy in a developing country. Energy for Sustainable Development, 24, DOI: 10.1016/j.esd.2014.10.003.

Willeit, M., Ganopolski, A.2015: Coupled Northern Hemisphere permafrost–ice-sheet evolution over the last glacial cycle. Climate of the Past, 11, 9, DOI: 10.5194/cp-11-1165-2015.

Calov, R., A. Robinson, M. Perrette, A. Ganopolski, 2015: Simulating the Greenland ice sheet under present-day and palaeo constraints including a new discharge parameterization. The Cryosphere, 9, 179–196, DOI:10.5194/tc-9-179-2015.

Dutton, A., A. E. Carlson, A. J. Long, G. A. Milne, P. U. Clark, R. DeConto, B. P. Horton, S. Rahmstorf, M. E. Raymo, 2015: Sea-level rise due to polar ice-sheet mass loss during past warm periods. Science, 349, DOI:10.1126/science.aaa4019.

Feldmann, J., A. Levermann, 2015: Interaction of marine ice-sheet instabilities in two drainage basins: simple scaling of geometry and transition time. The Cryosphere, 9, 631-645, DOI:10.5194/tc-9-631-2015.

Martin, M.A., A. Levermann, R. Winkelmann, 2015: Comparing ice discharge through West Antarctic Gateways: Weddell vs. Amundsen Sea warming. The Cryosphere Discussions, 5, 1705-1733, DOI:10.5194/tcd-9-1705-2015.

Frieler, K., P.U. Clark, F. He, C. Buizert, R. Reese, S.R.M. Ligtenberg, M.R. van den Broeke, R. Winkelmann, A. Levermann, 2015: Consistent evidence of increasing Antarctic accumulation with warming. Nature Climate Change 5, DOI:10.1038/nclimate2574.

Rahmstorf, S., J.E. Box, G. Feulner, M.E. Mann, A. Robinson, S. Rutherford, E.J. Schaffernicht, 2015: Exceptional twentieth-century slowdown in Atlantic Ocean overturning circulation. Nature Climate Change, 5, 475–480, DOI:10.1038/nclimate2554.

Willeit W., A. Ganopolski, R.Calov, A. Robinson, M. Maslin, 2015: The role of CO2 decline for the onset of Northern Hemisphere glaciation. Quaternary Science Reviews, 119, 22-34, DOI:10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.04.015.


Albrecht, T., A. Levermann, 2014: Fracture-induced softening for large-scale ice dynamics. The Cryosphere, 8, 587–605, DOI:10.5194/tc-8-587-2014.

Albrecht, T., A. Levermann, 2014: Spontaneous ice-front retreat induced by disintegration of adjacent ice shelf in Antarctica. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 393, 26-30, DOI:10.1016/j.epsl.2014.02.034.

Dangendorf, S., D. Rybski, C. Mudersbach, A. Müller, E. Kaufmann, E. Zorita, J. Jensen, 2014: Evidence for long-term memory in sea level. Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 5530–5537, DOI:10.1002/ 2014GL060538.

Ehlert, D., A. Levermann, 2014: Mechanism for potential strengthening of Atlantic overturning prior to collapse. Earth Syst. Dynam., 5, 383–397, DOI:10.5194/esd-5-383-2014.

Feldmann, J., T. Albrecht, C. Khroulev, F. Pattyn, A. Levermann, 2014: Resolution-dependent performance of grounding line motion in a shallow model compared to a full-Stokes model according to the MISMIP3d intercomparison. Journal of Glaciology, 60, DOI:10.3189/2014JoG13J093.

Hinkel, J., D. Linke, A.T. Vafeidis, M. Perrette, R.J. Nicholls, R. Tol, B. Marzeion, X. Fettweis, C. Ionescu, A. Levermann, 2014: Coastal flood damage and adaptation costs under 21st century sea-level rise. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111, 3292-3297, DOI:10.1073/pnas.1222469111.

Horton, B. P., S. Rahmstorf, S. E. Engelhart, and A. C. Kemp, 2014: Reply to comment received from JM Gregory et al. regarding "Expert assessment of future sea-level rise by 2100 and 2300 AD". Quatern. Sci. Rev., 97, 195-196, DOI:10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.05.025.

Horton, B.P., S. Rahmstorf, S.E. Engelhart, A.C. Kemp, 2014: Expert assessment of sea-level rise by AD 2100 and AD 2300. Quaternary Science Reviews, 84, DOI:10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.11.002.

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