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Energy Systems

The Energy Systems Group provides systems-based, interdisciplinary science on energy transformations.

Indeed, energy systems world-wide will have to undergo a fundamental transformation within the coming decades to respond to the need for deep decarbonization as spelled out in Paris Agreement and to absorb revolutionary technological developments for instance in renewable power generation, digitalization, mobility and urban life, with profound implications for energy systems. To explore these energy system transformations, the group focuses on the following research topics:

  • Renewable electricity integration and sector coupling: How can zero-emissions energy systems look like?
  • Transformation of demand sectors: How can the electrification of currently non-electric energy demands for transportation, industry and buildings go hand in hand with integration of large shares of variable electricity supply from wind and solar?
  • National energy transitions: With which policies can the country-level mitigation measures pledged for 2030 as part of the nationally determined contributions be strengthened in line with the long-term requirement of near-zero emissions?
  • Carbon management: What is the scope for innovative carbon management processes to provide emissions-neutral materials, renewables-based synthetic fuels or even negative CO2 emissions?
  • International climate policy analysis: Are current European and international climate and energy policies adequate in the light of agreed long-term climate objectives, such as the goal of limiting global warming to well below 2°C?
  • Environmental impacts: What are non-climate environmental impacts of energy supply and use, and how can they be minimized? 

The group’s research builds strongly on the REMIND model, which allows to study the complex interactions between the energy system, the economy as well as the climate and environment. The modeling work is complemented with sector-specific and bottom-up analyses.

Recent research projects and community activities

  • Kopernikus Project Energy Transition Navigation System (Enavi)

  • Volkswagen Project: The Next Generation Policies

  • Australian-German Energy Transition Hub (START
  • Linking Climate and Development Policies: Leveraging International Networks and Knowledge Sharing (CD-LINKS)
  • Advanced Model Development and Validation for the Improved Analysis of Costs and Impacts of Mitigation Policies (ADVANCE)
  • Assessment of Mitigation Pathways and Evaluation of the Robustness of Mitigation Cost Estimates (AMPERE)
  • Shared Socioeconomic Pathways (SSP)
  • Low Climate Impact Scenarios and the Impliciations of Required Tight Emissions Control Strategies (LIMITS)
  • 27th round of the Stanford Energy Modeling Forum (EMF27)
  • Roadmaps towards Sustainble Energy futures (RoSE) - completed
  • Scenarios on the feasibility of emission reductions towards limiting climate change to 2°C (commissioned by the German Federal Environment Agency) - completed
  • Asian Modeling Exercise (AME): The contribution of Asia to the global mitigation challenge - completed
  • Adaptation and Mitigation Strategies: Supporting European Climate Policy (ADAM) - completed
  • Report on Energy and Climate Policies in Europe (RECIPE) - complete


REMIND group 2018

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