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The interdisciplinary background of RD4 ranges from physics, mathematics, biology, and computational sciences to sociology, economics, and political science. We organize our work in two main research areas: Complex Systems and Social Metabolism. Four Flagship Projects, one Governance Group and one cross-cutting activity support the research areas.

RD4_Flagships_s.JPG TSA NEONET COPAN METAB Governance and Policy COMET Models

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