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Global Energy Systems - Publications

Journal papers


  • Harmsen MJHM, Berg M van den, Krey V, et al (2016) How climate metrics affect global mitigation strategies and costs: a multi-model study. Climatic Change 1–14. doi: 10.1007/s10584-016-1603-7


  • Arroyo-Currás T, Bauer N, Kriegler E, et al (2015) Carbon leakage in a fragmented climate regime: The dynamic response of global energy markets. Technological Forecasting and Social Change 90, Part A:192–203. doi: 10.1016/j.techfore.2013.10.002
  • Bertram C, Johnson N, Luderer G, et al (2015a) Carbon lock-in through capital stock inertia associated with weak near-term climate policies. Technological Forecasting and Social Change 90, Part A:62–72. doi: 10.1016/j.techfore.2013.10.001
  • Bertram C, Luderer G, Pietzcker RC, et al (2015b) Complementing carbon prices with technology policies to keep climate targets within reach. Nature Clim Change 5:235–239. doi: 10.1038/nclimate2514
  • Eom J, Edmonds J, Krey V, et al (2015) The impact of near-term climate policy choices on technology and emission transition pathways. Technological Forecasting and Social Change 90, Part A:73–88. doi: 10.1016/j.techfore.2013.09.017
  • Kriegler E, Riahi K, Bauer N, et al (2015) A short note on integrated assessment modeling approaches: Rejoinder to the review of “Making or breaking climate targets — The AMPERE study on staged accession scenarios for climate policy.” Technological Forecasting and Social Change 99:273–276. doi: 10.1016/j.techfore.2015.07.011
  • Kriegler E, Petermann N, Krey V, et al (2015) Diagnostic indicators for integrated assessment models of climate policy. Technological Forecasting and Social Change 90, Part A:45–61. doi: 10.1016/j.techfore.2013.09.020
  • Mouratiadou I, Luderer G, Bauer N, Kriegler E (2015) Emissions and their drivers: sensitivity to economic growth and fossil fuel availability across world regions. Climatic Change 1–15. doi: 10.1007/s10584-015-1368-4
  • Riahi K, Kriegler E, Johnson N, et al (2015) Locked into Copenhagen pledges — Implications of short-term emission targets for the cost and feasibility of long-term climate goals. Technological Forecasting and Social Change 90, Part A:8–23. doi: 10.1016/j.techfore.2013.09.016
  • Rogelj J, Luderer G, Pietzcker RC, et al (2015) Energy system transformations for limiting end-of-century warming to below 1.5 °C. Nature Clim Change 5:519–527. doi: 10.1038/nclimate2572
  • Ueckerdt F, Brecha R, Luderer G, et al (2015) Representing power sector variability and the integration of variable renewables in long-term energy-economy models using residual load duration curves. Energy 90, Part 2:1799–1814. doi: 10.1016/
  • Ueckerdt F, Brecha R, Luderer G (2015) Analyzing major challenges of wind and solar variability in power systems. Renewable Energy 81:1–10. doi: 10.1016/j.renene.2015.03.002


    • Aboumahboub T, Luderer G, Kriegler E, et al (2014) On the regional distribution of climate mitigation costs: the impact of delayed cooperative action. Clim Change Econ 05:1440002. doi: 10.1142/S2010007814400028
    • Friedlingstein P, Andrew RM, Rogelj J, et al (2014) Persistent growth of CO2 emissions and implications for reaching climate targets. Nature Geosci 7:709–715. doi: 10.1038/ngeo2248
    • Grunewald N, Jakob M, Mouratiadou I (2014) Decomposing inequality in CO2 emissions: The role of primary energy carriers and economic sectors. Ecological Economics 100:183–194. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2014.02.007
    • Klein D, Luderer G, Kriegler E, et al (2014) The value of bioenergy in low stabilization scenarios: an assessment using REMIND-MAgPIE. Climatic Change 123:705–718. doi: 10.1007/s10584-013-0940-z
    • Krey V, Luderer G, Clarke L, Kriegler E (2014) Getting from here to there – energy technology transformation pathways in the EMF27 scenarios. Climatic Change 123:369–382. doi: 10.1007/s10584-013-0947-5
    • Kriegler E, Weyant JP, Blanford GJ, et al (2014) The role of technology for achieving climate policy objectives: overview of the EMF 27 study on global technology and climate policy strategies. Climatic Change 123:353–367. doi: 10.1007/s10584-013-0953-7
    • Leimbach M, Baumstark L, Luderer G (2014) The Role of Time Preferences in Explaining the Long-Term Pattern of International Trade. Global Economy Journal 15:83–106. doi: 10.1515/gej-2014-0035
    • Luderer G, Krey V, Calvin K, et al (2014) The role of renewable energy in climate stabilization: results from the EMF27 scenarios. Climatic Change 123:427–441. doi: 10.1007/s10584-013-0924-z
    • Pietzcker RC, Longden T, Chen W, et al (2014a) Long-term transport energy demand and climate policy: Alternative visions on transport decarbonization in energy-economy models. Energy 64:95–108. doi: 10.1016/
    • Pietzcker RC, Stetter D, Manger S, Luderer G (2014b) Using the sun to decarbonize the power sector: The economic potential of photovoltaics and concentrating solar power. Applied Energy 135:704–720. doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2014.08.011
    • Schäfer A, Kyle P, Pietzcker R (2014) Exploring the use of dynamic linear panel data models for evaluating energy/economy/environment models — an application for the transportation sector. Climatic Change 1–14. doi: 10.1007/s10584-014-1293-y
    • Schwanitz VJ, Piontek F, Bertram C, Luderer G (2014) Long-term climate policy implications of phasing out fossil fuel subsidies. Energy Policy 67:882–894. doi: 10.1016/j.enpol.2013.12.015
    • Strefler J, Luderer G, Aboumahboub T, Kriegler E (2014a) Economic impacts of alternative greenhouse gas emission metrics: a model-based assessment. Climatic Change. doi: 10.1007/s10584-014-1188-y
    • Strefler J, Luderer G, Kriegler E, Meinshausen M (2014b) Can air pollutant controls change global warming? Environmental Science & Policy 41:33–43. doi: 10.1016/j.envsci.2014.04.009
    • Tavoni M, Kriegler E, Riahi K, et al (2014) Post-2020 climate agreements in the major economies assessed in the light of global models. Nature Clim Change. doi: 10.1038/nclimate2475
    • Zhang S, Bauer N, Luderer G, Kriegler E (2014) Role of technologies in energy-related CO2 mitigation in China within a climate-protection world: A scenarios analysis using REMIND. Applied Energy 115:445–455. doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.10.039


    • Bauer N, Mouratiadou I, Luderer G, et al (2013) Global fossil energy markets and climate change mitigation – an analysis with REMIND. Climatic Change in press. doi: 10.1007/s10584-013-0901-6

    • Calvin K, Pachauri S, Cian ED, Mouratiadou I (2013) The effect of African growth on future global energy, emissions, and regional development. Climatic Change 1–17. doi: 10.1007/s10584-013-0964-4
    • Calvin K, Wise M, Klein D, et al. (2013) A multi-model analysis of the regional and sectoral roles of bioenergy in near- and long-term co2 emissions reduction. Clim Change Econ 04:1340014. doi: 10.1142/S2010007813400149

    • Deuber O, Luderer G, Edenhofer O (2013) Physico-economic evaluation of climate metrics: A conceptual framework. Environmental Science & Policy 29:37–45. doi: 10.1016/j.envsci.2013.01.018
    • Edenhofer O, Knopf B, Luderer G (2013) Reaping the benefits of renewables in a nonoptimal world. PNAS 110:11666–11667. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1310754110
    • Kriegler E, Tavoni M, Aboumahboub T, et al. (2013) What does the 2°c target imply for a global climate agreement in 2020? the limits study on durban platform scenarios. Clim Change Econ 04:1340008. doi: 10.1142/S2010007813400083

    • Kriegler E, Edenhofer O, Reuster L, et al. (2013) Is atmospheric carbon dioxide removal a game changer for climate change mitigation? Climatic Change 118:45–57. doi: 10.1007/s10584-012-0681-4
    • Kriegler E, Mouratiadou I, et al. (2013) Energy system transformations for mitigating climate change: What role for economic growth projections and fossil fuel availability? Clim. Change

    • Leimbach M, Elmar Kriegler, Niklas Roming, Valeria Jana Schwanitz: Future growth patterns of world regions - A GDP scenario approach, Global Environmental Change, under review.
    • Luderer G, Bertram C, Calvin K, et al. (2013) Implications of weak near-term climate policies on long-term mitigation pathways. Climatic Change 1–14. doi: 10.1007/s10584-013-0899-9
    • Luderer G, Pietzcker RC, Bertram C, et al. (2013) Economic mitigation challenges: how further delay closes the door for achieving climate targets. Environ Res Lett 8:034033. doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/8/3/034033
    • McCollum D, Pietzcker R et al.,(2013) Energy investments under climate policy: a comparison of global models. Clim Change Econ 04:1340010. Doi: 10.1142/S2010007813400101
    • Rose SK, Richels R, Smith S, Strefler J, et al. (2013) Non-Kyoto radiative forcing in long-run greenhouse gas emissions and climate change scenarios. Climatic Change 1–15. doi: 10.1007/s10584-013-0955-5
    • Rose SK, Kriegler E, Bibas R, et al. (2013) Bioenergy in energy transformation and climate management. Climatic Change 1–17. doi: 10.1007/s10584-013-0965-3

    • Schaeffer M, Gohar L, Kriegler E, et al. (2013) Mid- and long-term climate projections for fragmented and delayed-action scenarios. Technological Forecasting and Social Change. doi: 10.1016/j.techfore.2013.09.013. in press.
    • Schwanitz VJ (2013) Evaluating integrated assessment models of global climate change. Environmental Modelling & Software 50:120–131. doi: 10.1016/j.envsoft.2013.09.005
    • Schwanitz, Longden, Knopf, Capros (2013) The implications of initiating immediate climate change mitigation - A potential for co-benefits? Technological Forecasting and Social Change. in press.
    • Steckel JC, Brecha RJ, Jakob M, Strefler J, Luderer G, et al. (2013) Development without energy? Assessing future scenarios of energy consumption in developing countries. Ecological Economics 90:53–67. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2013.02.006
    • Tavoni M, Kriegler E, Aboumahboub T, et al. (2013) The distribution of the major economies’ effort in the durban platform scenarios. Clim Change Econ 04:1340009. doi: 10.1142/S2010007813400095
    • Ueckerdt F, Hirth L, Luderer G, Edenhofer O (2013) System LCOE: What are the costs of variable renewables? Energy 63:61–75. doi: 10.1016/
    • van Sluisveld et al., Mouratiadou (2013) A multi-model analysis of post-2020 mitigation efforts of five major economies. Clim Change Econ 04:1340012. doi: 10.1142/S2010007813400125
    • Van Der Zwaan BCC, Rösler H, Kober T, Aboumahboub T, et al. (2013) A cross-model comparison of global long-term technology diffusion under a 2°c climate change control target. Clim Change Econ 04:1340013. doi: 10.1142/S2010007813400137


    • Aboumahboub T, Schaber K, Wagner U, Hamacher T (2012) On the CO2 emissions of the global electricity supply sector and the influence of renewable power-modeling and optimization. Energy Policy 42:297–314. doi: 10.1016/j.enpol.2011.11.088.
    • Bauer N, Brecha RJ, Luderer G (2012) Economics of nuclear power and climate change mitigation policies. PNAS 109:16805–16810. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1201264109
    • Calvin K, Clarke L, Krey V, et al. (2012) The role of Asia in mitigating climate change: Results from the Asia modeling exercise. Energy Economics 34, Supplement 3:S251–S260. doi: 10.1016/j.eneco.2012.09.003
    • Creutzig F, Popp A, Plevin R, et al. (2012) Reconciling top-down and bottom-up modelling on future bioenergy deployment. Nature Climate Change 2:320–327. doi: 10.1038/nclimate1416
    • Jakob M, Luderer G, Steckel J, et al. (2012) Time to act now? Assessing the costs of delaying climate measures and benefits of early action. Climatic Change 114:79–99. doi: 10.1007/s10584-011-0128-3
    • Luderer G, Bosetti V, Jakob M, et al. (2012) The economics of decarbonizing the energy system—results and insights from the RECIPE model intercomparison. Climatic Change 114:9–37. doi: 10.1007/s10584-011-0105-x
    • Luderer G, DeCian E, Hourcade J-C, et al. (2012) On the regional distribution of mitigation costs in a global cap-and-trade regime. Climatic Change 114:59–78. doi: 10.1007/s10584-012-0408-6
    • Luderer G, Pietzcker RC, Kriegler E, et al. (2012) Asia’s role in mitigating climate change: A technology and sector specific analysis with ReMIND-R. Energy Economics 34:S378–S390.
    • Tavoni M, De Cian E, Luderer G, et al. (2012) The value of technology and of its evolution towards a low carbon economy. Climatic Change 114:39–57. doi: 10.1007/s10584-011-0294-3


    • Knopf B, Luderer G, Edenhofer O (2011) Exploring the feasibility of low stabilization targets. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change 2:617–626. doi: 10.1002/wcc.124
    • Lüken M, Edenhofer O, Knopf B, et al. (2011) The role of technological availability for the distributive impacts of climate change mitigation policy. Energy Policy 39:6030–6039. doi: 10.1016/j.enpol.2011.07.002
    • Steckel JC, Jakob M, Marschinski R, Luderer G (2011) From carbonization to decarbonization?–Past trends and future scenarios for China’s CO2 emissions. Energy Policy 39:3443–3455.

    Reports, research papers and other publications

    • Bauer N, Hilaire J, Bertram C (2014) The calm before the storm – What happens to CO2 emissions before their price starts to increase? WCERE 2014
    • Bauer N, Klein D, Luderer G, et al. (2014) Climate change stabilization and the energy-land nexus. Submitted to IEW’14.

    • Luderer G, Leimbach M, Bauer N, et al. (2013) Description of the REMIND Model (Version 1.5). SSRN Working Paper 2312844
    • Gösele A, Luderer G (2012) Worldwide Promotion and Diffusion of Climate-Friendly Technologies. In: Edenhofer O, Wallacher J, Lotze-Campen H, et al. (eds) Climate Change, Justice and Sustainability. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 297–309
    • Knopf B, Kowarsch M, Lüken M, et al. (2012) A Global Carbon Market and the Allocation of Emission Rights. In: Edenhofer O, Wallacher J, Lotze-Campen H, et al. (eds) Climate Change, Justice and Sustainability. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 269–285
    • Knopf B, Kowarsch M, Edenhofer O, Luderer G (2012) Climate Change Mitigation: Options, Costs and Risks. In: Edenhofer O, Wallacher J, Lotze-Campen H, et al. (eds) Climate Change, Justice and Sustainability. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 139–150
    • Popp A, Luderer G, Vohland K, Lotze-Campen H (2012) Mechanisms for Avoiding Deforestation and Forest Degradation. In: Edenhofer O, Wallacher J, Lotze-Campen H, et al. (eds) Climate Change, Justice and Sustainability. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 287–295

    Theses and dissertations

    • Christoph Bertram (2015) The effect of near-term climate policies on the achievability of ambitious long-term climate targets. Dissertation. Technische Universität Berlin.

    • Falko Ueckerdt (2015) Integrating variable electricity supply from wind and solar PV into power systems. Dissertation. Technische Universität Berlin.

    • Jessica Strefler (2014) Challenges for low stabilization of climate change. The complementarity of non-CO2 greenhouse gas and aerosol abatement to CO2 emission reductions. Dissertation. Technische Universität Berlin.

    • Robert Pietzcker (2014) Achieving stringent climate targets. An analysis of the role of transport and variable renewable energies using energy economy climate models. Dissertation. Technische Universität Berlin.

    • Deubner O (2013) Metric choice for trading off short- and long- lived climate forcers. Dissertation. Technische Universität Berlin.
    • Pehl M (2012) Integration of CO2 Abatement Options for Industry in REMIND. Diploma Thesis. Technische Universität Berlin.

    • Baumstark L (2011) Investment Strategies for Climate Change Mitigation. Dissertation. Technische Universität Berlin.

      Latest update: February 2014

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