Summary Report No. 113
Klimawandel und Kulturlandschaft Berlin
H. Lotze-Campen, L. Claussen, A. Dosch, S. Noleppa, J. Rock, J. Schuler, G. Uckert
Climate change is progressing faster and will have larger impacts than previously expected. Therefore, it is necessary not only to implement comprehensive emission mitigation strategies, but also to develop appropriate measures for adaptation to those climate change impacts, which are already unavoidable. Climate change will have a multitude of impacts on cultural (i.e. man-made) landscapes. Production conditions for agriculture and forestry as well as regional water balances and ecosystems will change. Certain emission mitigation strategies, like expansion of renewable energy production (especially bioenergy), will lead to changes in production structures and landscape appearance. Managing and framing these profound changes requires a broad societal discourse among all relevant stakeholder groups.
This report was commissioned by the Senate Department for Urban Development Berlin, the Berlin Agricultural Holding (Berliner Stadtgüter GmbH), the Berlin Forestry Administration (Berliner Forsten), and the Joint Planning Commission (Gemeinsame Landesplanung) Berlin-Brandenburg. The report provides an improved information base for political decisionmaking. The focus is on land-use-related changes. Based on expected direct climate impacts on the cultural landscape Berlin, adaptation options are explored for various sectors. Landscape implications of increased biomass production for renewable energy purposes are analyzed. The report summarizes existing studies, research results and scenarios, and complements these with own model calculations for agriculture and forestry. Together with the stakeholders Berliner Stadtgüter GmbH and Berliner Forsten decision support related to climate change adaptation and long-term strategies has been developed. All results and recommendations are exclusively related to the land areas owned by the federal state of Berlin.
The project was carried out by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), in close cooperation with the Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF) Müncheberg, and the consultancies agripol GbR and stadt.land.freunde.