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Photo Farmers at work in Madhya Pradesh during India’s monsoon season

Trainings and Science-Based Policy Advice

EPICC Training Webinar on Climate Change and Migration for Peruvian Ministries, 21.07.2020

Peru is currently breaking new grounds with the development of an Action Plan on Climate Migration, as envisaged in its Climate Change Framework Law. PIK PhD student Jonas Bergmann has supported the development scientifically, in cooperation with the International Organization for Migration (IOM), most recently by providing a second training webinar for ministerial staff in Peru.

Wide interest in the webinar provided by PIK and IOM for MINAM, MIMP, and MINCUL
Wide interest in the webinar provided by PIK and IOM for MINAM, MIMP, and MINCUL

On Tuesday 21.07.2020, EPICC PhD student Jonas Bergmann from the FutureLab Social Metabolism and Impacts at PIK conducted the second national training on climate change and migration in Peru, in cooperation with IOM specialist Pablo Escribano

40 staff members of three Peruvian ministries (Ministry of the Environment (MINAM), of Women and Vulnerable Populations (MIMP), and of Culture (MINCUL)) participated in the interactive webinar, including MINAM’s Director of Climate Adaptation, Silvia Cristina Rodríguez Valladares, who is also a member of the Peruvian Advisory Board of the EPICC project. The presenters discussed relevant theoretical concepts as well as nuances of definitions found in international, regional, and national laws and policies on the topic. Drawing on the systematic review report “Assessing the Evidence: Climate Change and Migration in Peru”, which PIK and IOM will jointly publish this year, the speakers situated these discussions in concrete evidence on the climate-migration nexus in the Peruvian context.

The training is part of the ongoing consulting provided by Bergmann and Escribano for Peru's Action Plan on Climate Migration and its National Adaptation Plan (NAP). The presentation ended with inputs on how to create coherence between existing legislation and these two instruments, followed by a lively discussion with participants on next steps in the development of these frameworks.

  

EPICC Training on Climate Services and Capabilities: data, models, forecasts and scenarios in Lima, Peru, 18.-22.11.2019  

Training in Lima, group pictures. (Photo: SENAMHI)The EPICC project together with the WMO Regional Training Center in Peru held a climate services and capacities training from 18 – 22 November at Peru’s National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (SENAMHI) and the La Molina National Agricultural University (UNALM) in Lima. The training followed the climate services concept of the WMO Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS), with EPICC being a contributing project to this framework.

This training equally addressed scientists and operational managers in the climate, water and agricultural sectors and their needs for climate information. It introduced the latest scientific results, knowledge and tools on seasonal (and ENSO) forecasting, climate scenarios and hydrological and agricultural impact models, as well as visualizations of climate data and information.

About 120 participants from universities, research institutes, ministries, authorities and other institutions participated in the different workshops, some of which were supported by external experts who presented and discussed online and via pre-recorded videos. The training also involved hand-on sessions with participants getting to use EPICC tools on their computers.

The training will be continued through collaborations between EPICC its Peruvian partners, some of which have been newly established during the training. There is also strong demand for additional training for additional audiences and with a specific focus on certain aspects of climate impacts, adaptation and mitigation, which will be addressed over the coming months.

Please find the press release from SENAMHI (in Spanish) here.

Find a Spanish contribution in the IKI Newsletter from Peru (Boletin IKI Perú).    

EPICC Training on Climate Change & Human Mobility in Peru, Germany, 30.09.-01.10.2019

EPICC_Training_IOM_30.09._1.10.19During the two-day training workshop, on 30.09.19 and 01.10.2019, EPICC PhD student Jonas Bergmann helped to convene the first national workshop on climate change and human mobility in Peru, informing participants from national institutions on the existing scientific evidence in the country and the need for an integrated strategy.

The training called “Primer Taller de Migración, Medio Ambiente y Cambio Climático” (1st Workshop on Migration, Environment and Climate Change) attracted more than 30 practitioners from government and civil society institutions in Peru who were trained by EPICC's PhD student on the linkages of climate change and human mobility in the country. The workshop was organized in cooperation with the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the Peruvian Ministry of the Environment (MINAM), the German and French Embassies, and the Konrad Adenauer Stiftung (KAS). In the training, Jonas Bergmann gave insights into a research report that assesses the evidence on the climate-mobility nexus in Peru. He discussed larger socioeconomic as well as climate trends in the country, provided a deeper dive into the influence of climate risks on mobility patterns, and analyzed the normative realm in the country. The presentation fed into various follow-up sessions attempting to advance the policy approach to the issue.

In November 2019, together with EPICC colleagues, he met a team of MINAM staff from their Directorate-General for Climate Change and Desertification to discuss the topic further. During the EPICC Workshop in November 2019 and the Advisory Board Meeting, more presentations on the topic followed. The lively exchange culminated in a MINAM request for Jonas Bergmann's support and contributions in preparing the Peruvian National "Action Plan to Prevent and Combat Forced Migration Caused by the Effects of Climate Change" („plan de acción para atender la migración forzosa causada por los efectos del cambio climático“). Since then, Jonas Bergmann has been one of the key contributors to the development of the Action Plan, together with the International Organization for Migration (IOM).

 

EPICC Round Table at the State Climate Change Center (SCCC) titled "Climate Changes Issues & Migration Linkages" in Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India, 19.09.2019

EPICC RoundTable at SCCC, Sep 18 Prof. Dr. Elena Surovyatkina, Dr. Kira Vinke, Mr. Thiago Garcia, and Ms. Himani Uapdhyay visited the State Climate Change Centre (SCCC) on the 19th of September 2019, in Dehradun, Uttarakhand. The primary purpose was to explore climate change issues in Mountainous regions and migration linkages. Mr. R. N. Jha, Nodal Officer of SCCC, hosted the event.

Lessons learned: Uttarakhand is most vulnerable to climate-mediated risks. Mountainous regions are particularly susceptible to climate change and have shown “above average warming” in the 20th century. It may have a significant impact on the natural resources of the region, which not only provide life-supporting, provisioning, regulating, and cultural ecosystem services to the locals, but millions of Indians living downstream. Climate change escalates the already existing vulnerabilities (social, ecological, economic and cultural) and inequities of Uttarakhand and could manifest disastrously if not addressed adequately.

Mr. R. N. Jha explained that the challenge for the state is to holistically converge these existing initiatives and make additional efforts to integrate climate concerns and response measures into all aspects of the development process, from policy and planning to implementation. The state has adopted this as the underlying principle in the formulation of the Uttarakhand Action Plan for Climate Change (UAPCC) and aims to become a green and carbon-neutral state by 2020.

Exchange and discussion:

A key question of the discussion was why a State which was formed for the mountain people (in the year 2000), has in just two decades recorded high levels of out-migration and de-population from the mountain districts? Why are mountain people out-migrating from the mountains? A common consensus amongst the experts was a continued feedback loop between agriculture, climate change, livelihoods, and migration. Mr. R.N. Jha from SCCC said that “migration is a fight for resources in the state, there are urban centers which have resources and then there are peripheries which don’t have the same resources”.  Another aspect that was discussed was that the majority of the population in the State depends on agriculture which has become increasingly volatile due to increased uncertainty and decreased productivity. These have been attributed to cumulative impacts of climate change like erratic rainfall, reduction in winter snow, advancing cropping seasons, drying up of perennial streams; coupled with poor infrastructure, lack of employment, rising animal depredation, high literacy rates, and rising aspirations which have pushed the mountain communities into permanent migration. However, Mr. Jha also noted that “research has not been done on climate change and migration links, for instance, it would be useful to know, how does migration from Uttarakhand compare to other parts of India?”


EPICC Round Table at the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) titled "Cloud Bursts in Monsoon 2019" in Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India, 18.09.2019

EPICC RoundTable at IMD in Dehradun, Sep 18By an invitation of  Mr. SH Bikram Singh, Director of the India Meteorological Department (IMD) in Dehradun, Prof. Dr. Elena Surovyatkina, Dr. Kira Vinke, Mr. Thiago Garcia, and Ms. Himani Uapdhyay visited the IMD office on the 18th of September 2019. Dr. Thallada Bhaskar from the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) - Indian Institute of Petroleum initiated this event. The extreme weather during Monsoon season 2019 and monsoon forecasting were the main points of discussion.

Lessons learned: Summer monsoon contributes the most to annual rainfall with amounting to approximately 80% for Uttarakhand. During the monsoon season, many Himalayan states started witnessing exceptional extreme rainfall events known as Cloud Bursts - a showers greater than 100 mm in an hour. Such incidents caused large scale destruction in ecologically sensitive and remotely located vulnerable hilly areas. The most extreme case was in 2013 that led to thousands of deaths was due to cloudbursts. During 1970-2016, 30 cloud burst events have occurred over the southern rim of the Himalayas. In the summer monsoon season 2019 in Uttarakhand, there were at least 23 cloud burst incidents that are an unprecedented number. All rivers, creeks, and drains swelled dangerously following heavy rainfall. Many houses collapsed due to landslides. Cars and buildings, including schools and markets of the areas, have been washed away. Dozen people died, and many injured in landslides, flash floods. The drinking water pipeline, irrigation canals, and fields were affected by the debris.

Exchange of Views: With an increasing number of extreme weather events, the issue of forecasting becomes more and more pressing. "Rainfall has not declined, but rainy days have declined implies that the intensity of precipitation has increased," explained Bikram Singh. The IMD is the process of installing two Doppler radars for monitoring Cloud Bursts, which could help meteorologists to provide operational alert and decreases the damage.  

However, there is no methodology to predict such events in advance. "The extensive elevation range, varying from 175 to 7000 m in Uttarakhand, results in intricate rainfall patterns within the state. Cloudbursts occur only via the orographic lift in high elevation region or occasionally when a warm air parcel mixes with cooler air, resulting in sudden condensation.

Additionally, we have found that there is a low density of meteorological stations in the western Himalayan region. Altogether, it adds to the difficulty in cloud bursts prediction," said Prof. Surovyatkina. "However, our long-term forecast for Central India could help for disaster management to estimate the time of arrival of monsoon to Uttarakhand because it is around a week later after Monsoon onset in the Eastern Ghats. We are collaborating with the IMD; together, we are working for improving the monsoon forecast in Uttarakhand."


EPICC Training on Climate Change & Migration, Potsdam, Germany, 19.09.2019  

EPICC_Training_Jonas_BergmannOn Thursday, 19.9.2019, EPICC PhD student Jonas Bergmann trained 15 diplomats from 12 Latin American countries on climate change and its influence on migration patterns. In cooperation with the International Diplomatic Training program of the German Federal Foreign Office, the participants learned for several hours about global climate science, observed trends and projections, as well as specific regional impacts and risks. On this basis, the presentation explained existing evidence on climate migration and possible future pathways in the region—alongside adaptation and protection needs. A lively discussion on the potentials and limits of diplomatic action in this realm followed.

  

EPICC Training on Hydrological Modeling in Iquitos, Peru, 05-06.06.2019

EPICC_Training_2019_Peru_Iquitos_HydrologyThe EPICC hydrology team in Peru, led by Dr. Fred F. Hattermann and Carlos A. Fernández Palomino, presented the EPICC project in Iquitos, Peru, in June 2019. During their short-term research stay in Iquitos, the hydrological working group talked about the advances of hydrological modeling of the Upper Amazon river basin and performed a training course under the title "Hydrologic modeling using SWAT (Soil and Water Assessment Tool)". A total number of 20 participants from local scientific and governmental institutes benefited from the training.

EPICC thanks their Peruvian partners and local researchers for their participation. With best thanks to the participating experts from SENAMHI (Servicio Nacional de Meteorología e Hidrología del Perú), ANA (Autoridad Nacional del Agua), SEHINAV (Servicio de Hidrografía y Navegación de la Amazonía), IIAP (Instituto de Investigaciones de la Amazonía Peruana), COER (Centro de Operaciones de Emergencia Regional) and Aquamodel Consulting.

  

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