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Montoya, M., A. Griesel, A. Levermann, J. Mignot, M. Hofmann, A. Ganopolski and S. Rahmstorf:
The Earth System Model of Intermediate Complexity CLIMBER-3α . Part I: description and performance for present day conditions
Climate Dynamics, 25, 237-263, (2005).


Claussen, M., Mysak, L. A., Weaver, A. J., Crucifix, M., Fichefet, T., Loutre, M.-F., Weber, S. L., Alcamo, J., Alexeev, V. A., Berger, A., Calov, R., Ganopolski, A., Goosse, H., Lohmann, G., Lunkeit, F., Mokhov, I. I., Petoukhov, V., Stone, P., and Wang, Z.:
Earth system models of intermediate complexity: closing the gap in the spectrum of climate models
Climate Dynamics, 18, p. 579-586, (2002).


Petoukhov, V., A. Ganopolski, V. Brovkin, M. Claussen, A. Eliseev, C. Kubatzki and S. Rahmstorf:
CLIMBER-2: a climate system model of intermediate complexity. Part I: model description and performance for present climate
Climate Dynamics 16, 1, (2000).


Pacanowski, R. C. and S. M. Griffies:
The MOM-3 manual
(Tech. Rep. 4), (1999).


Fichefet, T. and M. A. M. Maqueda:
Sensitivity of a global sea ice model to the treatment of ice thermodynamics and dynamics
Journal of Geophysical Research 102: 12609, (1997).


Brovkin, V., J. Bendtsen, M. Claussen, A. Ganopolski, C. Kubatzki, V. Petoukhov and A. Andreev:
Carbon cycle, vegetation and climate dynamics in the Holocene: Experiments with the CLIMBER-2 model
Global Biogeochemmical Cycles 16(4): 1139, (2002).


Griffies, S. M., Boning, C., Bryan, F. O., Chassignet, E. P., Gerdes, R., Hasumi, H., Hirst, A., Treguier, A. M., andWebb, D.:
Developments in ocean climate modelling
Ocean Modelling, 2, 123-192, (2000).


Goosse, H. and Fichefet, T.:
Importance of ice-ocean interactions for the global ocean circulation: a model study
Journal of Geophysical Research, 104(C10), 23 337-23 355, (1999).


Dickinson, R. E., A. Henderson-Sellers, P. J. Kennedy and M. Wilson:
Biosphere-Atmosphere Transfer Scheme (BATS) for the NCAR CCM
NCAR/TN-275-STR., (1986).

Bryan, K.:
A numerical method for the study of the circulation of the world ocean
Journal of Computational Physics, 4, 347-376, (1969).


Arakawa, A.:
Computational design of long-term numerical integration of the equations of Fuid motions
Journal of Computational Physics, 1, 119-143, (1966).

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