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PRIMAPHIST dataset description

This page describes the PRIMAPHIST historical data source

General description

The PRIMAPHIST source aims to provide data for each (UNFCCC) country for all gases and the main IPCC 1996 emission categories. The long term goal is to provide data starting in 1850, however, currently this is only achieved for some countries and gases / categories while other countries and gases / categories have data starting as late as 1970. The source is constructed from a variety of published data sources. The data from these sources is combined using the composite source generator of the PRIMAP emission module [1]. The source creation is carried out on the level of the main IPCC 1996 categories for the six Kyoto gases and gas groups individually (CO2, CH4, N2O, SF6, HFCs, and PFCs). Data is available for SAR and AR4 global warming potentials.

Data sources used

Our first priority sources are those which contain data reported by countries and preferably are peer reviewed. For Annex-I countries this is the CRF data [2], for non-Annex-I countries data from National Communications (NATCOM), National Inventory Reports (NIR) and Biannial Update Reports (BUR) [3]. Data from NATCOM and NIR obtained from the UNFCCC website using the detailed by party queries while BUR data is read from the reports. We preprocess the data to remove time series with less than three data points or covering a time span of less than 11 years. To complement this data for missing countries, sectors, gases and the years before 1990 we use CDIAC CO2 data for fossil fuel use and flaring and cement production [4], EDGAR42 data for all categories and gases [5], [6], BP energy CO2 data [7], and FAOSTAT data for agricultural emissions [8].

For Land use emissions we use CRF data complemented with FAOSTAT data and data from the MATCH group for the period prior to 1990 [9].

Details

  • CO2: The industrial CO2 source creation uses a higher sectoral detail because CDIAC and BP data only cover subsectors of categories 1 and 2. For CAT1A (energy related emissions) we use CRF, NATCOM/NIR, BUR, CDIAC, EDGAR and BP data. CAT1B1 (flaring) and CAT2A (cement production) use the same sources except for BP. All other categories use the same sources except for CDIAC and BP.
  • CH4 and N2O: Categories 1, 2, 3, 6, and 7 use the following sources (listed in order of their priority): CRF, NATCOM/NIR, BUR, and EDGAR. Category 4 (agriculture) also includes FAOSTAT data before EDGAR.
  • FGASES: Emissions from SF6, HFCs, and PFCs only occur in category 2 (industrial processes). Sources used are CRF, NATCOM/NIR, BUR, and EDGAR.
  • Land use Emissions: We use CRF, FAOSTAT and MATCH data for all gases.

If data for the last years was missing for some sectors and gases a linear extrapolation was used.

Bibliography

[1]      J. E. M. S. Nabel, J. Rogelj, C. M. Chen, K. Markmann, D. J. H. Gutzmann, and M. Meinshausen, “Decision support for international climate policy – The PRIMAP emission module,” Environ. Model. Softw., vol. 26, no. 12, pp. 1419–1433, Dec. 2011.

[2]      UNFCCC, “National Inventory Submissions 2014.” UNFCCC, 2014.

[3]      UNFCCC, “National Communications to the UNFCCC by non-AnnexI parties.” UNFCCC, 2014.

[4]      T. A. Boden, G. Marland, and R. J. Andres, “Global, Regional, and National Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions.” Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, Tenn., U.S.A., 2015.

[5]      European Commission Joint Research Centre (JRC) and Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL), “Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR), release version 4.2.” European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC) Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL)., 2011.

[6]      European Commission Joint Research Centre (JRC) and Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL), “Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR), release version 4.2 FT2010.” European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC) Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL)., 2013.

[7]      British Petroleum, “BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2015,” 2015.

[8]      Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, “FAOSTAT database.” FAO, 2014.

[9]      N. Höhne, H. Blum, J. Fuglestvedt, R. B. Skeie, A. Kurosawa, G. Hu, J. Lowe, L. Gohar, B. Matthews, A. C. Nioac de Salles, and C. Ellermann, “Contributions of individual countries’ emissions to climate change and their uncertainty,” Clim. Change, vol. 106, no. 3, pp. 359–391, Sep. 2010.

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