Anastasis Giannousakis

I am contributing to PIK's research as a guest Energy Modeler and Research Software Engineer, applying novel methods for tackling uncertainties in climate policy design and optimizing the algorithms used for the solution of large scale models. I am a chemical engineer by training, specialized in numerical methods, applied mathematics and climate change economics.

Postdoctoral Researcher (Guest)

Research Department III - Transformation Pathways

Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK)

P.O. Box 60 12 03, D-14412 Potsdam, Germany, Telegrafenberg A56


Email: giannou[at] 

Peer-reviewed Publications

  1. Giannousakis, A., Hilaire, J., Nemet, G., Luderer, G., Pietzcker, R., Rodrigues, R., Baumstark, L., Kriegler, E., “How uncertainty in technology costs and carbon dioxide removal availability affect climate mitigation pathways”,  Energy,, 2020.
  2. Giannousakis, A., Baumstark, L., Kriegler, E., "En route to China's mid-century climate goal: comparison of emissions intensity versus absolute targets", Climate Policy,, 2020.
  3. Leimbach, M. and Giannousakis A.: "Burden Sharing of Climate Change Mitigation: Global and Regional Challenges under Shared Socio-Economic Pathways", Climatic Change,, 2019.
  4. Dietrich, J. P., Bodirsky, B.L., Giannousakis, A., Popp, A., et al.: MAgPIE 4 – A modular open source framework for modeling global land-systems, Geosci. Model Dev.,
  5. Strefler, Jessica, Gunnar Luderer, Nico Bauer, Elmar Kriegler, Robert C. Pietzcker, Anastasis Giannousakis, and Ottmar Edenhofer. “Alternative carbon price trajectories can avoid excessive carbon removal.”, Nature Communications,, 2021.
  6. Baumstark, L., Bauer, N., Benke, F., Giannousakis, A., Kriegler, E., et al.: "REMIND2.1: Transformation and innovation dynamics of the energy-economic system within climate and sustainability limits", forthcoming.
  7. Ahmad Murtaza Ershad, Falko Ueckerdt, Robert C. Pietzcker, Anastasis Giannousakis and Gunnar Luderer, "Batteries and the cost-efficiency of solar PV investments in India – Scenarios for 2040", forthcoming.
  8. Bertram, Christoph, Gunnar Luderer, Alexander Popp, Jan Christoph Minx, William F. Lamb, Miodrag Stevanović, Florian Humpenöder, Anastasis Giannousakis, and Elmar Kriegler. “Targeted Policies Can Compensate Most of the Increased Sustainability Risks in 1.5 °C Mitigation Scenarios.” Environmental Research Letters 13, no. 6 (2018): 064038.
  9. Strefler, Jessica, Nico Bauer, Elmar Kriegler, Alexander Popp, Anastasis Giannousakis, and Ottmar Edenhofer. “Between Scylla and Charybdis: Delayed Mitigation Narrows the Passage between Large-Scale CDR and High Costs.” Environmental Research Letters 13, no. 4 (2018): 044015.
  10. Ueckerdt, Falko, Robert Pietzcker, Yvonne Scholz, Daniel Stetter, Anastasis Giannousakis, and Gunnar Luderer. “Decarbonizing Global Power Supply under Region-Specific Consideration of Challenges and Options of Integrating Variable Renewables in the REMIND Model.” Energy Economics.
  11. Kriegler, Elmar, Nico Bauer, Alexander Popp, Florian Humpenöder, Marian Leimbach, Anastasis Giannousakis, et al. “Fossil-Fueled Development (SSP5): An Energy and Resource Intensive Scenario for the 21st Century.” Global Environmental Change 42 (January 2017): 297–315. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.05.015.
  12. Leimbach, Marian, Anselm Schultes, Lavinia Baumstark, Anastasis Giannousakis, and Gunnar Luderer. “Solution Algorithms for Regional Interactions in Large-Scale Integrated Assessment Models of Climate Change.” Annals of Operations Research, October 7, 2016, 1–17. doi:10.1007/s10479-016-2340-z.
  13. Arroyo-Currás, Tabaré, Nico Bauer, Elmar Kriegler, Valeria Jana Schwanitz, Gunnar Luderer, Tino Aboumahboub, Anastasis Giannousakis, and Jérôme Hilaire. “Carbon Leakage in a Fragmented Climate Regime: The Dynamic Response of Global Energy Markets.” Technological Forecasting and Social Change 90, Part A (January 2015): 192–203. doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2013.10.002.
  14. Papaioannou, J., A. Giannousakis, Y. Dimakopoulos, and J. Tsamopoulos. “Bubble Deformation and Growth Inside Viscoelastic Filaments Undergoing Very Large Extensions.” Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 53, no. 18 (2014): 7548–69. doi:10.1021/ie403311n.
  15. Chatzidai, N., A. Giannousakis, Y. Dimakopoulos, and J. Tsamopoulos. “On the Elliptic Mesh Generation in Domains Containing Multiple Inclusions and Undergoing Large Deformations.” Journal of Computational Physics 228, no. 6 (April 1, 2009): 1980–2011. doi:10.1016/

Other Publications

  • Luderer, Gunnar, Marian Leimbach, Nico Bauer, Elmar Kriegler, Lavinia Baumstark, Christoph Bertram, Anastasis Giannousakis, et al. “Description of the REMIND Model (Version 1.6).” SSRN Scholarly Paper. Rochester, NY: Social Science Research Network, November 30, 2015.
  • "How uncertainty in technology costs and carbon dioxide removal availability affect climate mitigation pathways", 13th IAMC Annual Meeting, December 2020 
  • "Tools climate and energy modelers use", talk at seminar "Professional tools for energy analysis and policy" at University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wi, USA, Oct 2017 (download the document)
  • "A framework for dealing with baseline uncertainty: Analysis of China's carbon intensity target", European Conference on Stochastic Optimization, Rome, Sept 2017 and INFORMS 2017, Houston, TX, USA, Oct 207