Journal papers and book chapters


Beckmann, J., Perrette, M., Beyer, S., Calov, R., Willeit, M., and Ganopolski, A.  Modeling the response of Greenland outlet glaciers to global warming using a coupled flow line–plume model. The Cryosphere, 13(9), 2281-2301, 2019.

Willeit, M., Ganopolski, A., Calov, R., Brovkin, V. Mid-Pleistocene transition in glacial cycles explained by declining CO2 and regolith removal, Science Advances, 5 : eaav7337, 2019.


Beckmann, J., Perrette, M., and Ganopolski, A. (2018) Simple models for the simulation of submarine melt for a Greenland glacial system model. The Cryosphere, 12, 301–323,

Calov, R., Beyer, S., Greve, R., Beckmann, J., Willeit, M., Kleiner, T., Rückamp, M., Humbert, A., and Ganopolski, A. (2018)  Simulation of the future sea level contribution of Greenland with a new glacial system model, The Cryosphere 12, 3097-3121,

Köhler, P., Knorr, G., Stap, L. B., Ganopolski, A., de Boer, B., van de Wal, R. S. W., et al. (2018). The effect of obliquity-driven changes on
paleoclimate sensitivity during the late Pleistocene. Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 6661–6671,

Willeit, M. and Ganopolski, A. (2018) The importance of snow albedo for ice sheet evolution over the last glacial cycle, Climate of the Past, 14, 697-707,


Bauer, E., Ganopolski, A. (2017) Comparison of surface mass balance of ice sheets simulated by positive-degree-day method and energy balance approach. Climate of the Past, 13 (7), 819-832.

Davies, R. J., Morales Maqueda, M.A., Li, A., Ganopolski, A. (2017) Millennial-scale shifts in the methane hydrate stability zone due to Quaternary climate change. Geology, 45 (11), 1027–1030,  doi:10.1130/G39611.1

Ganopolski, A., Brovkin, V. (2017) Simulation of climate, ice sheets and CO2 evolution during the last four glacial cycles with an Earth system model of intermediate complexity. Climate of the Past, 13, 1695–1716.

Krapp, M., Robinson, A., Ganopolski, A. (2017) SEMIC: An efficient surface energy and mass balance model applied to the Greenland ice sheet. The Cryosphere, 11 (4), 1519-1535.

Robinson, A., Alvarez-Solas, J., Calov, R., Ganopolski, A., Montoya, M. (2017) MIS-11 duration key to disappearance of the Greenland ice sheet. Nature Communications, 8, art. no. 16008.


Ganopolski, A., Winkelmann, R., Schellnhuber, H.J. (2016) Critical insolation-CO2 relation for diagnosing past and future glacial inception. Nature, 529, 200-203.

Friedrich, T., Timmermann, A., Tigchelaar, M., Timm, O.E., Ganopolski, A. (2016) Nonlinear climate sensitivity and its implications for future greenhouse warming.  Science Advances, 2, e1501923

Past Interglacials Working Group of PAGES (2016), Interglacials of the last 800,000 years, Rev. Geophys., 54,

Willeit, M and Ganopolski, A. (2016), PALADYN v1.0, a comprehensive land surface–vegetation–carbon cycle model of intermediate complexity. Geosci. Model Dev., 9, 3817-3857, doi:10.5194/gmd-9-3817-2016



Brovkin, V., and Ganopolski, A. (2015): The role of the terrestrial biosphere in CLIMBER-2 simulations of the last 4 glacial CO2 cycles. In: M. Sarnthein and G. Haug (Editors), Deglacial Changes in Ocean Dynamics and Atmospheric CO2. Modern, Glacial, and Deglacial Carbon Transfer between Ocean, Atmosphere, and Land. Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina , Halle (Saale), pp. 43-48.

Calov R, Robinson A,  Perrette M, and Ganopolski A (2015) Simulating the Greenland ice sheet under present-day and palaeo constraints including a new discharge parameterization. The Cryosphere 9, 179–196, doi:10.5194/tc-9-179-2015

Ganopolski, A., and Brovkin, V. (2015) : The last four glacial CO2 cycles simulated with the CLIMBER-2 model.  In: M. Sarnthein and G. Haug (Editors), Deglacial Changes in Ocean Dynamics and Atmospheric CO2. Modern, Glacial, and Deglacial Carbon Transfer between Ocean, Atmosphere, and Land. Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina, Halle (Saale), pp. 75-80.

Wegwerth, A., Ganopolski, A., Ménot, G., Kaiser, J., Dellwig, O.,  Bard, E., Lamy, F. and Arz, H. W. (2015), Black Sea temperature response to glacial millennial-scale  climate variability, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, doi:10.1002/2015GL065499.

Willeit, M., Ganopolski, A., Calov, R., Robinson, A., Maslin, M. (2015) The role of CO2 decline for the onset of Northern Hemisphere glaciation.  Quaternary Science Reviews, 119, 22-34, doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.04.015

Willeit, M. and Ganopolski, A (2015) Coupled Northern Hemisphere permafrost–ice-sheet evolution over the last glacial cycle. Clim Past, 11, 1165–1180, doi:10.5194/cp-11-1165-2015      



Bauer E. and A. Ganopolski (2014) Sensitivity simulations with direct shortwave radiative forcing by aeolian dust during glacial cycles. Clim. Past, 10, 1333–1348, doi:10.5194/cp-10-1333-2014

Masson-Delmotte, V., Schulz, M., Abe-Ouchi, A., Beer, J., Ganopolski, A., Rouco, J.F.G., Jansen, E., Lambeck, K., Luterbacher, J., Naish, T., Osborn, T., Otto-Bliesner, B., Quinn, T., Ramesh, R., Rojas, M., Shao, X. and Timmermann, A. (2013): Information from Paleoclimate Archives. In: T.F. Stocker, D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S.K. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex and P.M. Midgley (Editors), Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge and New York, pp. 383-464

Timmermann, A., T. Friedrich, O. Elison Timm, M. Chikamoto, A. Abe-Ouchi, and A. Ganopolski (2014) Modeling obliquity and CO2 effects on Southern Hemisphere climate during the past 408 ka. J. Climate, 27, 1863-1875.

Willeit, M., Ganopolski, A. and Feulner, G. (2014) Asymmetry and uncertainties in biogeophysical climate–vegetation feedback over a range of CO2 forcings. Biogeosciences, 11, 17–32, 2014

Willeit M., Ganopolski A., Dalmonech D,  Foley, A.M., Feulner, G. (2014) Time-scale and state dependence of the carbon-cycle feedback to climate. Clim Dyn, 42, 1699–1713.


Hinkel, J., Nicholls, R. J., Tol, R.S.J.,  Wang, Z. B., Hamilton, J.M., Boot, G., Vafeidis, A.T., McFadden, L., Ganopolski, A.,  Klein R.J.T. (2013) A global analysis of erosion of sandy beaches and sea-level rise: An application of DIVA. Global and Planetary Change, 111,150-158.

Willeit, M., Ganopolski, A. and Feulner G. (2013) On the effect of orbital forcing on mid-Pliocene climate, vegetation and ice sheets, Clim. Past, 9, 1749–1759.



Rohling, E. J., Sluijs, A., Dijkstra, H. A., Köhler, P., van de Wal, R.,S. W., von der Heydt, A. S., Beerling, D. J., Berger, A., Bijl, P. K., Crucifix, M., DeConto, R., Drijfhout, S. S., Fedorov, A., Foster, G. L.,  Ganopolski, A., Hansen, J., Hönisch, B., Hooghiemstra, H., Huber, M., Huybers, P.,  Knutti, R., Lea, D. W., Lourens, L. J., Lunt, D.,  Masson-Demotte, V., Medina-Elizalde, M., Otto-Bliesner, B.,  Pagan, M., Pälike, H., Renssen, H., Royer, D. L., Siddall, M., Valdes, P., Zachos, J. C., and Zeebe, R. E. (2012) Making sense of palaeoclimate sensitivity. Nature, 491, 683–691.

Brovkin, V. , Ganopolski, A., Archer, D., and Munhoven G. (2012) Glacial CO2 cycle as a succession of key physical and biogeochemical processes. Clim. Past, 8, 251–264.

Ganopolski, A. and Calov, R. (2012) Simulation of glacial cycles with an Earth system model. In Climate Change, eds. Berger, A. et al.  part 2, 49-55, Spinger-Verlag, Vienna

Levermann, A., Bamber, J., Drijfhout, S., Ganopolski, A., Haeberli, W., Harris, N., Huss, M., Krüger, K., Lenton, T., Lindsay, R., Notz, D., Wadhams. P., Weber, S. (2012)  Potential climatic transitions with profound impact on Europe, Review of the current state of six ‘tipping elements of the climate system’. Climatic Change, 110, 845–878.

Robinson, A., Calov, R., and Ganopolski, A. (2012) Multistability and critical thresholds of the Greenland ice sheet, Nature Climate Change, 2, 429-432.


Andreev, A.A., Schirrmeister L., Tarasov, P. E., Ganopolski, A., Brovkin V., Siegert C., Wetterich, S., Hubberten H.-W. (2011) Vegetation and climate history in the Laptev Sea region (Arctic Siberia) during Late Quaternary inferred from pollen records, Quaternary Science Reviews, doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.12.026

Álvarez-Solas, J.,  Montoya, M.,   Ritz, C.,  Ramstein, G.,  Charbit, S.,  Dumas, C. , Nisancioglu, K.,  Dokken, T. and Ganopolski, A. (2011) Heinrich event 1: an example of dynamical ice-sheet reaction to oceanic  changes. Clim. Past, 7, 1297–1306.

Ganopolski, A, and Calov R. (2011) The role of orbital forcing, carbon dioxide and regolith in 100 kyr cycles. Clim. Past, 7, 1415–1425.

Ganopolski, A. and Robinson, A. (2011) Paleoclimate: the past is not the future, Nature Geoscience, 4, 662-663

Robinson, A., Calov, R., and Ganopolski, A. (2011) Greenland ice sheet model parameters constrained using simulations of the Eemian Interglacial, Clim. Past, 7, 381–396.



Bauer, E., and Ganopolski, A. (2010) Aeolian dust modeling over the past four glacial cycles with CLIMBER-2. Global and Planetary Change, 74, 49-60.

Ganopolski, A., R. Calov, and M. Claussen (2010) Simulation of the last glacial cycle with a coupled climate ice-sheet model of intermediate complexity. Clim. Past, 6, 229-244.

Robinson, A., R. Calov, and A. Ganopolski (2010) An efficient regional energy-moisture balance model for simulation of the Greenland Ice Sheet response to climate change. The Cryosphere, 4, 129-144.

Margari V., Skinner L. C., Tzedakis P. C., Ganopolski A.,  Vautravers M. and  Shackleton N.J. (2010) The nature of millennial-scale climate variability during the past two glacial periods, Nature Geoscience, 3, 127-131.


Ganopolski, A. and Roche, D. (2009) On the nature of lead-lag relationships during glacial-interglacial climate transitions, Quat. Sci. Rev., 37/38, 3361-3378,  doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2009.09.019

Babanin A.V., Ganopolski, A., Phillips, W.R.C. (2009) Wave-induced upper-ocean mixing in a climate model of intermediate complexity, Ocean Modeling, 29, 189-197, doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2009.04.003.

Calov R, Ganopolski A, Kubatzki C & Claussen M (2009) Mechanisms and time scales of glacial inception simulated with an Earth system model of intermediate complexity. Clim. Past, 5, 245-258

 Jin L., Peng, Y., Chen, F, and Ganopolski, A. (2009) Modeling sensitivity study of the possible impact of snow and glaciers developing over Tibetan Plateau on Holocene African-Asian summer monsoon climate. Clim. Past, 5, 457–469.


Ganopolski, A., and T. Schneider von Deimling (2008) Comment on „Aerosol radiative forcing and climate sensitivity deduced from the Last Glacial Maximum to Holocene transition” by Petr Chylek and Ulrike Lohmann, Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L23703, doi: 10.1029/2008GL033888.

Ganopolski, A (2008) Climate Change Models. In Sven Erik Jørgensen and Brian D. Fath (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Ecology,  vol. 1. pp. 603-612, Oxford, Elsevier.

Ganopolski, A (2008) Ocean Currents and Their Role in the Biosphere. In Sven Erik Jørgensen and Brian D. Fath (Eds.) Encyclopedia of Ecology, vol. 3, pp. 2553-2559, Oxford, Elsevier.

Bauer, E., V. Petoukhov, A. Ganopolski, and A.V. Eliseev (2008) Climatic response to anthropogenic sulphate aerosols versus well-mixed greenhouse gases from 1850 to 2000 AD in CLIMBER-2, Tellus B, 60B, 82-97. doi: 0.1111/j.1600-0889.2007.00318.x


Arz H. W., F. Lamy, A. Ganopolski, N. Nowaczyk, and J. Pätzold (2007) Dominant Northern Hemisphere climate control over millennial-scale glacial sea-level variability, Quat. Sci. Rev. , 26, 312-321.  doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2006.07.016

Braun, H., A. Ganopolski, M. Christl, and D. R. Chialvo (2007) A simple conceptual model of abrupt glacial climate events, Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 14, 709–721. www.nonlin-processes-geophysk

Brovkin, V., A. Ganopolski, D. Archer, and S. Rahmstorf (2007), Lowering of glacial atmospheric CO2 in response to changes in oceanic circulation and marine biogeochemistry, Paleoceanography, 22, PA4202, doi:10.1029/2006PA001380.

Jin, L., F. Chen, A. Ganopolski, M. Claussen (2007) Response of East Asian climate to Dansgaard/Oeschger and Heinrich events in a coupled model of intermediate complexity, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D06117, doi:10.1029/2006JD007316.

Kubatzki, C., M. Claussen, R. Calov, and A. Ganopolski (2007) Modelling the end of an interglacial (MIS 1, 5, 7, 9, 11) in The climate of past interglacials, ed. F. Sirocko, pp. 583-593, Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Mignot, J., A. Ganopolski, and A. Levermann (2007) Atlantic subsurface temperatures: response to a shut-down of the overturning circulation and consequences for its recovery. J. Climate, 20, 4884-4898. doi: 10.1175/JCLI4280.1

Weber, S.L., S. S. Drijfhout, A. Abe-Ouchi, M. Crucifix, M. Eby, A. Ganopolski, M. Murakami, B. Otto-Bliesner, and W. R. Peltier (2007) The modern and glacial overturning circulation in the Atlantic ocean in PMIP coupled model simulations. Climate of the Past, 3, 51–64.



Claussen, M., J. Fohlmeister, A. Ganopolski, and V. Brovkin (2006) Vegetation dynamics amplifies precessional forcing, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L09709, doi:10.1029/2006GL026111.

Kubatzki, C., M. Claussen, R. Calov, and A. Ganopolski (2006) Sensitivity of the last glacial inception to initial and surface conditions, Clim Dyn, doi:10.1007/s00382-006-0136-6.

Schneider von Deimling, T., A. Ganopolski, H. Held, and S. Rahmstorf (2006), How cold was the Last Glacial Maximum?, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L14709, doi:10.1029/2006GL026484.

Schneider von Deimling, T., H. Held, Ganopolski, and S. Rahmstorf (2006) Climate sensitivity estimated from ensemble simulations of glacial climate. Clim Dyn 27: 149–163, doi:10.1007/s00382-006-0126-8.


Archer, D., and A. Ganopolski (2005) A movable trigger: Fossil fuel CO2 and the onset of the next glaciation, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 6, Q05003, doi:10.1029/2004GC000891.

Braun, H., M. Christl, S. Rahmstorf, A. Ganopolski, A. Mangini, C. Kubatzki, K. Roth, and B. Kromer, (2005) Possible solar origin of the glacial 1,470-year climate cycle demonstrated in a coupled model, Nature, 438, 208-211, doi:10.1038.

Calov, R., and A. Ganopolski (2005) Multistability and hysteresis in the climate-cryosphere system under orbital forcing, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L21717, doi:10.1029/ 2005GL024518.

Calov, R., A. Ganopolski, M. Claussen, V. Petoukhov, and R. Greve (2005) Transient simulation of the last glacial inception with an atmosphere-ocean-vegetation-ice sheet. Part I: Glacial inception as a bifurcation of the climate system. Clim Dyn 24 (6): 545-561.

Calov, R., A. Ganopolski, V. Petoukhov, M. Claussen, V. Brovkin, and C. Kubatzki (2005) Transient simulation of the last glacial inception with an atmosphere-ocean-vegetation-ice sheet model: Part II: Sensitivity and feedback analysis. Clim Dyn 24 (6): 563-576.

Claussen, M., V. Brovkin, R. Calov, A. Ganopolski, and C. Kubatzki (2005) Did humankind prevent a holocene glaciation. Climatic Change, 69: 409–417.

Jahn, A., M. Claussen, A. Ganopolski, and V. Brovkin (2005) Quantifying the effect of vegetation dynamics on the climate of the Last Glacial Maximum, Climate of the Past, 1, 1-7.

Jin, L., A. Ganopolski, F. Chen, M. Claussen, and H. Wang (2005) Impacts of snow and glaciers over Tibetan Plateau on Holocene climate change: Sensitivity experiments with a coupled model of intermediate complexity, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L17709, doi:10.1029/2005GL023202.

Ganopolski, A. (2005) CLIMBER-2: An Earth system model of intermediate complexity, in Coupled models of the hydrological cycle, eds. Bronstert A., Carrera J, Kabat P, Lütkemeier S, pp. 264-268, Springer, Berlin.

Ganopolski, A. (2005) Anthropogenic global warming: evidence, predictions and consequences. Advances in Solar Energy. An Annual Review of Research and Development, 16, 1-33.

Haug G.H., A. Ganopolski, D.M. Sigman, A. Rosell-Mele, G.E.A. Swann, R. Tiedemann, S.L. Jaccard, J. Bollmann, M.A. Maslin, M.J. Leng, and G. Eglinton (2005) North Pacific seasonality and the glaciation of North America 2.7 million years ago. Nature, 433: 821-825.

Montoya, M., A. Griesel, A. Levermann, J. Mignot, M. Hofmann, A. Ganopolski and S. Rahmstorf (2005) The earth system model of intermediate complexity CLIMBER-3α. Part I: description and performance for present-day conditions. Clim Dyn, doi 10.1007/s00382-005-0044-1.

Petoukhov, V., M. Claussen, A. Berger, M. Crucifix, M. Eby, A. V. Eliseev, T. Fichefet, A. Ganopolski, H. Goosse, I. Kamenkovich, I. I. Mokhov, M. Montoya, L. A. Mysak, A. Sokolov, P. Stone, Z. Wang and A. J. Weaver (2005) EMIC Intercomparison Project (EMIP–CO2): comparative analysis of EMIC simulations of climate, and of equilibrium and transient responses to atmospheric CO2 doubling. Clim Dyn, 25 (6): 363–385, doi 10.1007/s00382-005-0042-3.

Rahmstorf, S., M. Crucifix, A. Ganopolski, H. Goosse, I. Kamenkovich, R. Knutti, G. Lohmann, R. Marsh, L. A. Mysak, Z. Wang, and A. J. Weaver (2005), Thermohaline circulation hysteresis: A model intercomparison, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L23605, doi:10.1029/2005GL023655.

Sitch, S., V. Brovkin, W. von Bloh, D. van Vuuren, B. Eickhout, and A. Ganopolski (2005), Impacts of future land cover changes on atmospheric CO2 and climate, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 19, GB2013, doi:10.1029/2004GB002311.

Tuenter, E., S.L. Weber, F.J. Hilgen, L.J. Lourens, and A. Ganopolski (2005) Simulation of climate phase lags in response to precession and obliquity forcing and the role of vegetation. Clim Dyn, 24: 279-295.


Archer, D., P. Martin, B. Buffett, V. Brovkin, S. Rahmstorf, and A. Ganopolski (2004) The importance of ocean temperature to global biogeochemistry. EPSL, 222: 333-348.

Bauer, E., A. Ganopolski, and M. Montoya (2004) Simulation of the cold climate event 8200 years ago by meltwater outburst from Lake Agassiz. Paleoceanography. 19 (3): 3014-3027.

Donnadieu Y, G. Ramstein, F. Fluteau, D. Roche, and A. Ganopolski (2004) The impact of atmospheric and oceanic heat transports on the sea-ice-albedo instability during the Neoproterozoic. Clim Dynam. 22: 293-306.

Liu, Z., W. Lewis, and A. Ganopolski (2004) An acceleration scheme for the simulation of long term climate evolution. Clim Dynam., 22 (6-7): 771-781.

Roche, D., D. Paillard, A. Ganopolski, and G. Hoffmann (2004) Oceanic oxygen-18 at the present day and LGM: equilibrium simulations with a coupled climate model of intermediate complexity. EPSL, 218: 317-330.


Brovkin, V.; S. Levis, M.-F. Loutre, M. Crucifix, M. Claussen, A. Ganopolski, C. Kubatzki, and V. Petoukhov (2003) Stability analysis of the climate-vegetation system in northern high latitudes. Climatic Change, 57: 119-138.

Claussen, M., Brovkin, V., Ganopolski, A., Kubatzki, C., Petoukhov, V., (2003) Climate change in Northern Africa: the past is not the future. Climatic Change, 57: 99-118.

Claussen, M., A. Ganopolski, V. Brovkin, F.-W. Gerstengarbe, and P. Werner (2003) Simulated Global-Scale Response of the Climate System to Dansgaard-Oeschger and Heinrich events. Clim Dynam., 21: 361-370.

Ganopolski, A. (2003) Glacial Integrative modelling. Philos T Roy Soc A, 361: 1871-1884.

Khodri, M., G. Ramstein, D. Paillard, J.-C. Duplessy, M. Kageyama, and A. Ganopolski (2003) Modelling the climate evolution from the last interglacial to the start of the last glaciation: the role of Arctic Ocean freshwater budget. Geophys. Rev. Lett., 30, doi : 10.1029/2003GL017108.


Brovkin, V., M. Hofmann, J. Bendtsen, and A. Ganopolski, A. (2002) Ocean biology could control atmospheric d13C during glacial-interglacial cycle. G3 (Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems), 3, doi: 10.1029/2001GC00270

Brovkin, V., J. Bendtsen, M. Claussen, A. Ganopolski, C. Kubatzki, V. Petoukhov, and A. Andreev (2002) Carbon cycle, vegetation and climate dynamics in the Holocene: Experiments with the CLIMBER-2 model. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 16. doi:10.1029/2001GB001662.

Calov, R., A. Ganopolski, V. Petoukhov, M. Claussen, and R. Greve (2002) Large-scale instabilities of the Laurentide ice sheet simulated in a fully coupled climate-system model. Geophys. Rev. Lett., 29 (24), 2216, doi:10.1029/2002GL016078.

Claussen, M. L.A. Mysak, A.J. Weaver, M. Crucifix, T. Fichefet, M.-F. Loutre, S.L. Weber, J. Alcamo, V.A. Alexeev, A. Berger, R. Calov, A. Ganopolski, H. Goosse, G. Lohman, F. Lunkeit, I.I. Mokhov, V. Petoukhov, P. Stone, and Zh. Wang (2002) Earth system models of intermediate complexity: Closing the gap in the spectrum of climate system models. Clim Dynam, 18:579-586.

Claussen, M., V. Brovkin, and A. Ganopolski (2002) Africa: Greening of the Sahara, in Challenges of a Changing Earth, eds. Steffen W., Jager J., Carson D.J., Bradshaw C., pp. 125-128. Springer, Berlin.

Ganopolski A., and S. Rahmstorf S (2002) Abrupt glacial climate changes due to stochastic resonance, Phys Rev Lett, 88 (3): art. no. 038501.

Mogensen I.A., S.J. Johnsen, A. Ganopolski, and S. Rahmstorf (2002) An investigation of rapid warm transitions during MIS2 and MIS3 using Greenland ice-core data and the CLIMBER-2 model. Annals of Glaciology 35: 398-402.


Claussen, M., V. Brovkin, and A. Ganopolski (2001) Biogeophysical versus biogeochemical feedbacks of large-scale land cover change. Gephys Res Let .28 (6): 1011-1014.

Ganopolski, A., and S. Rahmstorf (2001) Rapid changes of glacial climate simulated in a coupled cli­mate model. Nature, 409 : 153-158.

Ganopolski, A., and S. Rahmstorf (2001) Stability and variability of the thermohaline circulation in the past and future: a study with a coupled model of intermediate complexity, in The ocean and rapid climate change: Past, Present, and Future, eds. D. Seidov, M. Maslin and B. J. Haupt, pp. 261-275. American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C.

Ganopolski, A., V. Petoukhov, S. Rahmstorf, V. Brovkin, M. Claussen, A. Eliseev, and C. Kubatzki (2001) CLIMBER-2: a climate system model of intermediate complexity. Part II: Model sensitivity, Clim Dynam, 17 (10): 735-751.



Kubatzki C., M. Montoya, S. Rahmstorf, A. Ganopolski, and M. Claussen (2000) Comparison of a coupled global model of intermediate complexity and an AOGCM for the last interglacial. Climate Dyn, 16: 799-814.

Petoukhov V., A. Ganopolski, V. Brovkin, M. Claussen, A. Eliseev, C. Kubatzki, and S. Rahmstorf (2000) CLIMBER-2: a climate system model of intermediate complexity. Part I: model description and performance for present climate. Clim Dynam 16: (1) 1-17.


Brovkin V., A. Ganopolski, M. Claussen, C. Kubatzki, and V. Petoukhov (1999) Modelling cli­mate response to historical land cover change. Global Ecol Biogeograph 8: (6) 509-517.

Claussen, M., V. Brovkin, A. Ganopolski, C. Kubatzki, V. Petoukov, and S. Rahmstorf (1999) A new model for climate system analysis. Env. Mod. Assmt., 4, 209-216.

Claussen M., C. Kubatzki, V. Brovkin, A. Ganopolski, P. Hoelzmann, and H.J. Pachur (1999) Simula­tion of an abrupt change in Saharan vegetation in the mid-Holocene. Geophys Res Lett, 26: (14) 2037-2040.

Rahmstorf, S., and A. Ganopolski (1999) Long-term global warming scenarios computed with an effi­cient coupled climate model. Climatic Change 43: (2) 353-367.

Rahmstorf, S., and A. Ganopolski (1999) Simple theoretical model may explain apparent climate instability. J Climate 12: (5) 1349-1352.


Brovkin, V., M. Claussen, V. Petoukhov, and A. Ganopolski (1998) On the stability of the atmosphere- vegetation system in the Sahara/Sahel region, J Geophys Res Atmos, 103: (D24) 31613- 31624.

Claussen, M., V. Brovkin, A. Ganopolski, C. Kubatzki, and V. Petoukhov (1998) Modelling global terrestrial vegetation cli­mate interaction, Philos T Roy Soc B, 353: (1365) 53-63.

Ganopolski, A., C. Kubatzki, M. Claussen, V. Brovkin, and V. Petoukhov (1998) The influence of vegetation-atmosphere-ocean interaction on climate during the mid-Holocene, Science, 280: (5371) 1916-1919.

Ganopolski, A., S. Rahmstorf, V. Petoukhov, and M. Claussen (1998) Simulation of modern and glacial climates with a coupled global model of intermediate complexity, Nature, 391: (6665) 351-356.


Brovkin, V., A. Ganopolski, and Y. Svirezhev (1997) A continuous climate-vegetation classification for use in climate-biosphere studies, Ecol Model, 101: (2-3) 251-261.



Jonas, M., K. Fleischmann, A.V. Ganopolski, et al. (1996) Grid point surface air temperature calcu­lations with a fast turnaround: Combining the results of image and a GCM, Climatic Change, 34: (3-4) 479-512.

Before 1992 (in Russian)

Ganopolski, A.V., and A.A. Mochalov (1991) Numerical modeling of climatic consequences of catastrophic volcano eruptions. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, 319 (2): 319-321.

Ganopolski, A.V., and T.M. Uspenskaya (1991) The numerical modeling of internal wave spectrum transformation on a horizontal-inhomogeneous currents, Okeanologiya 31 (4): 557-563.

Ganopolski, A.V. (1991) A multilayer model for the ocean seasonal variability, Okeanologiya 31(6): 892-898.

Ganopolski, A.V., and G.L. Stennchikov (1990) The upper ocean layer reaction and climate relaxation, in: Investigations of the eddy dynamics and energetics of atmosphere and climate problems, eds. Nikiforov EG, Romanov VF., pp. 274-287. Hydrometeoizdat, Leningrad.

Ganopolski, A.V. (1988) The role of synoptic variability of wind velocity in formation of the vertical thermal structure in the ocean upper layer, Marine Hydrophysical J 6: 23-28.

Ganopolski, A.V., and G.L. Stennchikov (1987) Numerical modeling of nuclear winter - the cooling of ocean upper layer and relaxation of climate, Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 294 (3): 564-568.

Ganopolski, A.V., A.M. Gusev, and N.N. Nefjodov (1987) Climatic integral model for ocean mixed layer, Okeanologiya, 27 (4): 573-578.

Kononkova, G.E., K.V. Pokazeev, and A.V. Ganopolski (1981) Interaction between internal waves and fluid stratification changes. Okeanologiya 21 (6): 978-982.

Reports and miscellaneous publications

Ganopolski, A. (2012) How sensitive is earth’s climate to atmospheric aerosols? PAGES news,  20 (1), 21.

Ganopolski, A., V. Brovkin and R. Calov (2009) Simulation of glacial-interglacial atmospheric CO2 variations using a comprehensive Earth system model of intermediate complexity. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta (13)  A411-A41, Suppl. S

Schneider von Deimling, T., H. Held, Ganopolski, and S. Rahmstorf (2008) Are paleo-proxy data helpful for constraining future climate change? PAGES news, 16 (2): 20-21.

Munhoven, G., V. Brovkin, A. Ganopolski, and D. Archer (2007) Impact of future Greenland deglaciation on global weathering fluxes and atmospheric CO2 Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 71 (15): A695-A695 Suppl. S, AUG 2007.

Nicholls, R.J., S.E. Hanson, J. Lowe, D.A. Vaughan, T. Lenton, A. Ganopolski, R.S.J. Tol, and A.T. Vafeidis, 2006: Metrics for Assessing the Economic Benefits of Climate Change Policies: Sea Level Rise. Report to the OECD. ENV/EPOC/GSP(2006)3/FINAL. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). 128 pp.

Braun, H., C. Kubatzki, K. Roth, M. Christl, M. Claussen, and A. Ganopolski (2003) Einfluss der Bewölkung auf abrupte glaziale Erwärmungen in einem gekoppelten Klimamodell. Terra Nostra, 6: 2003. 72-77 p.

Claussen, M., A. Ganopolski, V. Brovkin, F.-W. Gerstengarbe, and P. Werner (2003) Die zweidimensionale Gestalt der Klimaschaukel: Modellrechnungen zur Antwort des Klimasystems auf Dansgaard/Oeschger- und Heinrich-Ereignisse. Terra Nostra, 6: 100-103.

Ganopolski, A., R. Calov, S. Rahmstorf, V. Petoukhov, M. Claussen, and V. Brovkin (2003). Modeling of the Earth system dynamics during Quaternary. Terra Nostra 6: 161-165.

Petoukhov, V., A. Ganopolski, and M. Claussen (2003) POTSDAM - a set of atmosphere statistical-dynamical models: theoretical background. PIK Report No. 81, 136 p.

Claussen, M., A. Ganopolski, H.J. Schellnhuber, and W. Cramer (2000) Earth System Models of Intermediate Complexity. Global Change Newsletter, 41, 4-6.

Ganopolski, A., and M. Claussen (2000) Simulation of mid-Holocene and LGM climate with a coupled model of intermediate complexity. In Proceedings of the third PMIP Workshop, WCRP-111, 201-204.

Schellnhuber, H.-J., S. Venevsky, Z.W. Kundzewicz, and A. Ganopolski (2001) Environmental sciences in Central and Eastern Europe: Roller-coasting into an uncertain future. in Perspectives of science in Central and Eastern Europe, eds. Schiermeier Q., Ockenden, J. pp. 117-124. IOS Press, Amsterdam.

Claussen, M., and A. Ganopolski (1999) The climate system model CLIMBER. In: Graue Reihe, Modelling climate change and its economic consequences - a review, eds. Schröder, M., Lingner, S., Bad Neuenahr-Ahrweiler, European Academy for the Study of Consequences of Scientific and Technological Advance, 40-54.

Claussen, M., V. Brovkin, A. Ganopolski, C. Kubatzki, and V. Petoukhov (1997) Zur Rolle der Vegetation im Klimasystem. Annalen der Meteorologie (NF), 34, 7-8.

Claussen, M., and A. Ganopolski (1997) Klimasystemmodelle. in: Umwelt- und Klimabeeinflussung durch den Menschen, VDI-Berichte, 1330, Düsseldorf, VDI Verlag GmbH, 69-86.

Svirezhev, Yu. (ed.), A. Block, W. v. Bloh, V. Brovkin, A. Ganopolski, V. Petoukhov, V. Razzhevaikin (1996) TOYS - Materials to the Brandenburg biosphere model / GAIA Part 1 - Simple models of the Climate and Biosphere system, PIK Report No.14.

Ganopolski, A.V., and J. Krabec (1994) Climate Simulations with an Improved 2-D Zonal Climate Model. Laxenburg, Austria, IIASA.

Ganopolski, A.V., and J. Krabec (1994) Internal Variability on a Decadal Time Scale in a Coupled 2-D Climate Model. Ed. Boer, G.J., Research Activities in Atmospheric and Oceanic Modelling. WMO ICSU World Climate and WMO Weather Pre, 9.20-9.21.

Petoukhov, V., and A.V. Ganopolski (1994): A Set of Climate Models for Integrated Modelling of Climate Impacts, Part II: A 2.5-Dimensional Dynamical-Statistical Climate Model. Laxenburg, Austria, IIASA.

Jonas, M., A.V. Ganopolski, J. Krabec, K. Olendrzynski, and V. Petoukhov (1993) A Set of Climate Models for Integrated Modelling of Climate Change Impacts, Part I: Introduction and Overview - A 2- Dimensional Zonal Climate Model - A Projected Application to European Forests. Laxenburg, Austria, IIASA.

Ganopolski, A.V., and A.A.Mochalov (1988) Simulation of seasonal variations of climate system in a coupled atmosphere-ocean model. Report of Computing Center of USSR Academy of Sciences, Moscow.