Advanced Model Development and Validation for the Improved Analysis of Costs and Impacts of Mitigation Policies
January 2013 until December 2016
1.301.540 € funded by EU - European Union: ENV.2012.6.1-2 Development of advanced techno-economic modelling tools for assessing costs and impacts of mitigation policies - FP7-ENV-2012-two-stage
Elmar Kriegler
PIK number / OEH

Integrated assessment and energy-economy models have become central tools for informing long-term global and regional climate mitigation strategies. There is a large demand for improved representations of complex system interactions and thorough validation of model behaviour in order to increase user confidence in climate policy assessments. ADVANCE aims to respond to this demand by facilitating the development of a new generation of integrated assessment models. This will be achieved by substantial progress in key areas where model improvements are greatly needed: end use and energy service demand; representation of heterogeneity, behaviour, innovation and consumer choices; technical change and uncertainty; system integration, path dependencies and resource constraints; and economic impacts of mitigation policies. In the past, methodological innovations and improvements were hindered by the unavailability of suitable input data. The ADVANCE project will make a large and coordinated effort to generate relevant datasets. These datasets, along with newly developed methodologies, will be made available to the broader scientific community as open-access resources. ADVANCE will also put a focus on improved model transparency, model validation, and data handling. A central objective of ADVANCE is to evaluate and to improve the suitability of models for climate policy impact assessments. The improved models will be applied to an assessment of long-term EU climate policy in a global context, and disseminated to the wider community. The ADVANCE consortium brings together long-standing expertise in integrated assessment and energy-economy modelling with a strong expertise in material flows, energy system integration, and energy service demand.

PIK will act as project coordinator and lead the project management (WP 8). Moreover, PIK will lead WP 5 on system integration and path dependencies, and participate with its REMIND model in all other WPs. PIK will also bring in its MAgPIE land-use model for the exploration of land-use-water-energy nexus.