Victor Brovkin

List of Publications



Research CV


Archer, D., Brovkin, V., Millennial atmospheric lifetime of anthropogenic CO2, Climatic Change, submitted. 

Brovkin, V., Ganopolski, A., Archer, D., Rahmstorf, S., Lowering of glacial pCO2 in response to changes in oceanic circulation and marine biogeochemistry, Paleoceanography, submitted.

Brovkin, V., Kim, J.-H., Hofmann, M., Schneider, R., A reducing effect of Holocene changes in sea surface temperatures on the atmospheric CO2 concentration, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, submitted.


Brovkin, V., Biosphere Feedbacks. In: Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science, Ed. by S.A. Elias, Elsevier, 2006. pp.721-728.

Clark, P.U., Archer, D., Pollard, D., Blum, J.D., Rial, J., Brovkin, V., Mix, A.C., Pisias, N.G., Roy, M., The middle Pleistocene transition: characteristics, mechanisms, and implications for long-term changes in atmospheric pCO2, 2006: Quaternary Science Reviews, doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2006.07.008

Scheffer, M., Brovkin, V., Cox, P., Positive feedback between global warming and atmospheric CO2 concentration inferred from past climate change, 2006: Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L10702, doi:10.1029/2005GL025044.

Claussen, M., Fohlmeister, J., Ganopolski, A., Brovkin, V., 2006: Vegetation dynamics amplifies precessional forcing, Geophys. Res. Lett., L09709, doi:10.1029/2006GL026111.

Friedlingstein, P., P. Cox, R. Betts, L. Bopp, W. von Bloh, V. Brovkin, P. Cadule, S. Doney, M. Eby, I. Fung, G. Bala, J. John, C. Jones, F. Joos, T. Kato, M. Kawamiya, W. Knorr, K. Lindsay, H. D. Matthews, T. Raddatz, P. Rayner, C. Reick, E. Roeckner, K.-G. Schnitzler, R. Schnur, K. Strassmann, A. J. Weaver, C. Yoshikawa, and N. Zeng, 2006: Climate–Carbon Cycle Feedback Analysis: Results from the C4MIP Model Intercomparison, Journal of Climate, 19, 3337–3353.

Renssen, H., Brovkin, V., Fichefet, T., H. Goosse, 2006: Simulation of the Holocene climate evolution in Northern Africa: The termination of the African Humid Period, Quaternary International, 150, 95-102.

Brovkin, V., Claussen, M., Driesschaert, E., Fichefet, T., Kicklighter, D., Loutre, M.-F., Matthews, H. D., Ramankutty, N., Schaeffer, M., Sokolov, A., 2006: Biogeophysical effects of historical land cover changes simulated by six Earth system models of intermediate complexity, Climate Dynamics, doi: 10.1007/s00382-005-0092-6.

Brovkin, V., House, J.I., DeFries, R.S., 2006:  New Assessment Focuses on Ecosystems, Human Well-Being, and the Climate System. EOS TRANSACTIONS, vol. 87, no. 5, p. 50.

House J.I., V. Brovkin, R. Betts, R. Constanza,  M.A. Silva Dias, E. Holland, C. le Quere, N. Kim Phat, U. Riebesell, M. Scholes 2006: Climate and air quality, in Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: Current State and Trends, Ecosystems and Human Well-being, Volume 1, Findings of the Condition and Trends Working Group of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, Island Press, Washington, Covelo, London, Pp. 357-390.


Scheffer, M., Holmgren, M., Brovkin, V., and Claussen, M., 2005: Synergy between small- and large-scale feedbacks of vegetation on the water cycle. Global Change Biology 11, 1003–1012, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2005.00962.x

Calov, R., Ganopolski, A., Petoukhov, V., Claussen, M., Brovkin, V., Kubatzki, C., 2005. Transient simulation of the last glacial inception. Part II: sensitivity and feedback analysis, Climate Dynamics 24: 563–576. doi 10.1007/s00382-005-0008-5.

Jahn, A., Claussen, M., Ganopolski, A., and Brovkin, V., 2005: Quantifying the effect of vegetation dynamics on the climate of the Last Glacial Maximum, Climate of the Past, 1, 1–7, 2005,, SRef-ID: 1814-9332/cp/2005-1-1.

Claussen, M., Brovkin, V., Calov, R., Ganopolski, A., and Kubatzki, C. 2005: Did humankind prevent a Holocene glaciation? Comment on Ruddiman’s Hypothesis of a Pre-Historic Anthropocene. Climatic Change 69: 409–417.

Renssen, H., Goosse, H., Fichefet, T., Brovkin, V., Driesschaert, E., Wolk, F., 2005: Simulating the Holocene climate evolution at northern high latitudes using a coupled atmosphere-sea ice-ocean-vegetation model, Climate Dynamics, 24 (1): 23-43.

Wang, Y., Mysak, L.A., Wang, Z.M., Brovkin, V., 2005: The greening of the McGill paleoclimate model. Part I: Improved land surface scheme with vegetation dynamics. Climate Dynamics, 24 (5): 469-480.

Wang, Y., Mysak, L.A., Wang, Z.M., Brovkin, V., 2005: The greening of the McGill paleoclimate model. Part II: Simulation of Holocene millennial-scale natural climate changes, Climate Dynamics, 24 (5): 481-496.

Tarasov, P., Brovkin, V., and Wagner, M., 2005: What Drives the Climate: Man or Nature? PAGES Newsletter 13(2) 24-25.

Sitch, S., V. Brovkin, W. von Bloh, D. van Vuuren, B. Eickhout, and A. Ganopolski, 2005: Impacts of future land cover changes on atmospheric CO2 and climate, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 19, GB2013, doi:10.1029/2004GB002311.


Brovkin, V., Sitch, S., von Bloh, W., Claussen, M., Bauer, E.,  Cramer, W., 2004. Role of land cover changes for atmospheric CO2 increase and climate change during the last 150 years. Global Change Biology 10, 1253–1266. This an electronic version of an article published in Global Change Biology: complete citation information for the final version of the paper, as published in the print edition of Global Change Biology, is available on the Blackwell Synergy online delivery service, accessible via the journal's website at or

Archer, D., Martin, P., Buffett, B., Brovkin, V., Rahmstorf, S., Ganopolski, A., 2004. The importance of ocean temperature to global biogeochemistry. Frontiers, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 222, 333–348.

Claussen M., Ganopolski A., Brovkin V., Gerstengarbe F.-W., Werner P., 2003. Simulated Global-Scale Response of the Climate System to Dansgaard-Oeschger and Heinrich events. Climate Dynamics, 21: 361-370.

Archer D., Martin P., Milovich J., Brovkin V., Plattner K., Ashendel C., 2003, Model sensitivity in the effect of Antarctic sea ice and stratification on atmospheric pCO2. Paleoceanography, 18(1), 1012.

Bauer, E., Claussen, M., Brovkin , V., Huenerbein, A., 2003,  Assessing climate forcings of the Earth system for the past millennium. Geophysical Research Letters, 30 (6), 1276, doi:10.1029/2002GL016639.

Renssen H., Brovkin V.,  Fichefet  T.,  Goosse H., 2003. Holocene climate instability during the termination of the African Humid Period. Geophysical Research Letters, 30(4), 1184, doi:10.1029/2002GL016636.

Brovkin V, Levis S., Loutre, M.-F., Crucifix, M., Claussen M,  Ganopolski A, Kubatzki C., Petoukhov V.,  2003. Stability analysis of the climate-vegetation system in the northern high latitudes, Climatic Change, 57 (1), 119-138

Claussen M., Brovkin V., Ganopolski A., Kubatzki C., Petoukhov V., 2003, Climate change in northern Africa: The past is not the future, Climatic Change, 57 (1), 99-118.

Brovkin V.,  Bendtsen J.,   Claussen M., Ganopolski A., Kubatzki C., Petoukhov V., Andreev A., 2002. Carbon cycle, vegetation and climate dynamics in the Holocene: Experiments with the CLIMBER-2 model.  Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 16 (4), 1139, doi: 10.1029/2001GB001662. To view the published open abstract, go to and enter the DOI.

Brovkin V., 2002. Climate-Vegetation Interaction. In: ERCA (European Research Course on Atmospheres), vol.  5, ed. by C.F. Boutron,  EDP Sciences, p. 57-72. Also: Journal de Physique, 12, 57-72.

Claussen, V., Brovkin, V., Ganoposki, A., 2002. Africa: Greening of the Sahara, In: Challenges of a Changing Earth, ed. by W. Steffen et al., Proceedings of the Global Change Open Science Conference, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 10-13 July 2001. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg,p. 125 - 128.

Brovkin V., Hofmann, M., Bendtsen J., Ganopolski A., 2002. Ocean biology could control atmospheric d13C during glacial-interglacial cycle. Geochem., Geophys., Geosyst., 3 (Article) , DOI 10.1029/2001GC000270.

Gregory, P.J., J.S.I. Ingram, R. Andersson, R.A. Betts, V. Brovkin, T.N. Chase, P.R. Grace, A. Gray, N. Hamilton, T.B. Hardy, S.M. Howden, A. Jenkins, M. Meybeck, M. Olsson, I. Ortiz-Monasterio, C.A. Palm, T. Payne, M. Rummukainen, R.E. Schulze, M. Thiem, C. Valentin and M.J.Wilkinson, 2002. Environmental Consequences of Intensifying Crop Production. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 88, 279-290.


Ganopolski A, Petoukhov V, Rahmstorf S, Brovkin V, Claussen M, Eliseev A, Kubatzki C., 2001. CLIMBER-2: a climate system model of intermediate complexity, Part II: model sensitivity, Climate Dynamics,  17, 735-751.

Cramer W., A. Bondeau, F.I. Woodward, I.C. Prentice, R.A. Betts, V. Brovkin, P.M. Cox, V. Fisher, J. Foley, A.D. Friend, C. Kucharik, M.R. Lomas, N. Ramankutty, S. Sitch, B. Smith, A. White, C. Young-Molling, 2001. Dynamic responses of global terrestrial ecosystems to changes in CO2 and climate. Global Change Biology, 7,  357-373.

Claussen M., Brovkin V., Ganopolski A., 2001. Biogeophysical versus biogeochemical feedbacks of large-scale land cover change, Geophysical Research Letters, 28, 1011-1014.

Petoukhov, V., Ganopolski, A., Brovkin, V., Claussen, M., Eliseev, A., Kubatzki, C. and Rahmstorf, S., 2000. CLIMBER-2: A climate system model of intermediate complexity. Part I: Model description and performance for present climate. Climate Dynamics, 16(1), 1-17.

Fosberg MA, Cramer W, Brovkin V, Fleming R, Gardner R, Gill AM, Goldammer JG, Keane R, Koehler P, Lenihan J, Neilson R, Sitch S, Thornicke K, Venevski S, Weber MG, Wittenberg U., 1999. Strategy for a fire module in dynamic global vegetation models, International Journal of Wildland Fire,  9, 79-84.

Brovkin, V., Ganopolski, A., Claussen, M., Kubatzki, C., and Petoukhov, V., 1999. Modelling climate response to historical land cover change. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 8(6), 509-517. This is an electronic version of an article published in Global Change Biology: complete citation information for the final version of the paper, as published in the print edition of Global Ecology and Biogeography, is available on the Blackwell Synergy online delivery service, accessible via the journal's website at or  

Levis, S., Foley, J.A., Brovkin, V., and Pollard, D., 1999. On the stability of the high-latitude climate-vegetation system in a coupled atmosphere-biosphere model. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 8(6), 489-500.

Claussen, M., Brovkin, V., Ganopolski, A., Kubatzki, C., Petoukhov, V., and Rahmstorf, S., 1999. A new model for climate system analysis: Outline of the model and application to palaeoclimate simulations. Environmental Modeling and Assessment 4, 209-216.

Claussen, M., Kubatzki, C., Brovkin, V., Ganopolski, A., Hoelzmann, P., and Pachur, H.-J., 1999. Simulation of an abrupt change in Saharian vegetation at the end of the mid-Holocene. Geophysical Research Letters, 26 (14), 2037-2040.

Svirezhev, Yu., V. Brovkin, W. von Bloh, H.-J. Schellnhuber and G. Petschel-Held, 1999. Optimization of global CO2 emission based on a simple model of the carbon cycle. Environmental Modeling andAssessment, 4(1), 23-33.

Brovkin, V., M. Claussen, V. Petoukhov, and A. Ganopolski, 1998. On the stability of the atmosphere - vegetation system in Sahara/Sahel region. Journal of Geophysical Research, D24: 31,613-31,624.

Ganopolski, A., Kubatzki, C., Claussen, M., Brovkin, V., and Petoukhov, V., 1998. The influence of vegetation-atmosphere-ocean interaction on climate during the mid-Holocene. Science, 280: 1916-1919.

Claussen, M., Brovkin, V., Ganopolski, A., Kubatzki, C., and Petoukhov. V., 1998. Modeling global terrestrial vegetation - climate interaction. Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society: Biological Sciences, 353, 53-63.

Brovkin, V., A. Ganopolski, and Yu. Svirezhev, 1997. A continuous climate-vegetation classification for use in climate-biosphere studies. Ecological Modelling, 101, pp. 251-261.

Svirezhev Y.M., Golubyatnikov L.L., Denisenko E.A., Brovkin V.A., 1997, Model approach to an estimate of the total exchange carbon flux of ecosystem of European Russia, Zhurnal Obshchei Biologii, 58, 5-14.  (In Russian with English summary).


  © PIK 2003