Impact details: drowning and decreased photosynthesis

impact chain for tropical coastal areas / sea-level rise (click nodes to view details):
selected case study results:
Case study reference
Spatial context
Impact description (case study)
Case study recommendations
Hoegh-Guldberg, O. (2011). Coral reef ecosystems and anthropogenic climate change. Regional Environmental Change, 11(1), 215-227 Global Corals grow in shallow waters and as sea-level rise increases, habitats with ideal growing conditions will decrease. -

Spencer, T. (1995). Potentialities, uncertainties and complexities in the response of coral reefs to future sea-level rise. Earth surface processes and landforms, 20(1), 49-64. Central America / Caribbean Corals can drown due to sea-level rise and this will lead to less access to light. Improved monitoring for coral reefs is needed using standardised techniques to cover the full range of reef structures and environmental settings.

Woodroffe, C. D. (2007). Critical thresholds and the vulnerability of Australian tropical coastal ecosystems to the impacts of climate change. J Coast Res (special issue), 50, 469-473. Australia If sea levels rise rapidly, reefs are drowned. Reef islands will be affected differently due to differences in tidal range. Geomorphological investigations of reef islands indicate that they are generally resilient, having formed in various situations under a range of conditions. Continued accretion seems likely under gradual sea-level rise, but may no longer be sustainable if the sea drowns the reef platform on which they have formed. The resilience of reefs also depends on the synergistic interaction with other pressures. Research on the processes that operate on platform reefs (and atolls) to understand the quasi-equilibrium and corals' morphological persistence.

Literature analysis and impact chains in this section by